Xuhui Runway Park is an innovative urban revitalization project that traces the history of the urban development of Shanghai. Formerly a runway for Longhua Airport, the park’s design scheme mimics the motion of a runway, creating diverse linear spaces for vehicles, bicycles, and pedestrians by organizing the park and the street into one integrated runway system. While all the spaces are linear in shape, diverse spatial experiences are created by applying different materials, scales, topography, and programs. In this way, the park serves as a runway of modern life, providing a space for recreation and respite from the surrounding city.
▼公园景观概览，park landscape overview
▼公园采用不同材料、尺度、地形，功能以线性方式规划空间，linear spaces of the park are created through applying different materials, scales, topography and programs
For the Runway Park, it was imperative to create a design that transcended time and space, bringing a piece of the site’s past into the modern fabric of the city. The design preserves portions of the runway’s original concrete where feasible, including the reuse of broken concrete pieces to build paths, plazas, and resting areas. Many of the park’s spaces recall the ascending and descending experience of being on an airplane, which connect visitors to the past while also providing varied viewpoints of the site.
▼重新利用破碎的跑道混凝土块建造新的园路，reuse of broken concrete pieces to build paths
▼公园道路高低起伏唤起人们乘飞机时的体验，paths are designed with upwards and downwards recall the experience of being on an airplane
The street layout creates a compact urban district by limiting the width of vehicular travel lanes and promoting public transit over the use of passenger cars. Additionally, six rows of deciduous streets trees are planted along sidewalk, bicycle lanes and vehicular median, creating a comfortable microclimate, seasonal effect and human-scaled boulevard. Sunken gardens are sited between the park’s subway station and neighboring development parcels, improving the walking experience to and from the subway while enriching the spatial composition of the park.
▼场地鸟瞰，bird eye view to site
▼六行落叶行道树沿人行道、自行车道以及机动车道形成绿化隔离带，six rows of deciduous streets trees are planted along sidewalk, bicycle lanes and vehicular median
Diverse wildlife habitats are integrated with various landscape programs, with 100% plant species native to the Yangtze Delta. These habitats include both land and marine typologies. A bird watching garden, fruit tree groves, and various garden types define the land. A wetland edge, bioengineered riparian edge, and a floating wetland module make up the marine forms.
▼多种多样的花园营造静谧优美陆生环境，various garden types define the land
▼湿地模块形成健康宜人水生环境，wetland module make up the marine forms
The historic aerodynamic and industrial sensibility of the site is referenced through the use of lighting poles that recall the transmission of communication and airfield illumination of the airport. In-ground lines and dots of light outline the former runway and will serve as a signature visual element for the park. Lit handrails, benches, shade structures, and elevated pathways will, along with the environmental graphics package, provide a visual boundary for the current planned usage. All lighting is refrained from the habitat area and nocturnal life.
▼发光的座椅和架空步道构成功能空间的视觉边界，lit benches and elevated pathways form visual boundary for the current usage
The stormwater from Yunjin Road and the park is managed through the 5,760-square-meter rain garden and 8,107-square-meter constructed wetland along the road. It will be the first roadside rain garden system to be built in the city of Shanghai. While runoff from the northern half of the site passes through the integrated rain gardens before discharging into the drainage canal, the southern half of the site will drain through a series of filtering wetland edges. The combination of open forebay channels to slow velocities and planted wetland ledges help reduce suspended sediments and pollutants from the street runoff. All site runoff eventually reaches the Jichang Canal—draining to the Huangpu River.
▼建成后将成为上海市第一个沿道路的雨水花园系统， the first roadside rain garden system to be built in the city of Shanghai
▼公园生态设计概念图，ecology design concept diagram
Xuhui Runway Park kicked off in 2016 and two segments were recently completed, from Longlan Road to Fenggu Road, and from Longyao Road to South Langshui Road. They are now open to the public, and have been embraced by the district’s residents as a new social space for the community.
▼开放的部分公园段落为人们带来新的生活交流空间，sections of the park opened to the public creating new communal spaces