▼建筑在莲花山的西南角，The building at the southwest corner of the Lianhua Mountain
▼三个主要立面以及屋顶新增的幕墙表皮，New curtain on the three main façades and the roof
▼西入口人视角，Seen from the west entrance
The Lianhua Mountain Bus Terminal is located in the southwest corner of the Lianhua Mountain in Futian District of Shenzhen, which is the intersection of the Xinzhou Road and Hongli Road. The user is the female model bus fleet of the bus group. Before the renovation, the bus terminal was a three-floor high old building with ceramic tile wall. The first floor was office program and the other two floors were dormitories for employees. Considering that the existing building and facilities are too old to meet the multiple functions of both internal use and external communication and publicity, the Bus Group decided to renovate the building and the surrounding environment as a whole, and transform the 2nd and 3rd floor as the Party-mass center and office program, in order to provide a pleasant and cozy workplace for the fleet, and also improve the terminal environment and bus service experience for the citizens.
▼改造前的建筑外观，The terminal before renovation
The two main roads adjacent to the site have green belts and tall trees, and the two other sides of the site are at the foot of the Lianhua Mountain. As a result, the bus terminal is surrounded by the green environment. Therefore, the renovation aims to make the building light and merge into the surrounding environment. In order to keep the original shape, a new curtain wall is added to the three main facades and the roof of the building. The new curtain wall is open and tridimensional instead of closed.
▼建筑处在一片绿色环境包围之中，The terminal surrounded in green
▼绿色内墙若隐若现，The inner green-color wall seen through the void of the curtain wall
▼南入口人视角，Seen from the south entrance
Based on the original position of the beams, the curtain wall has four levels, and each level is supported by steel beams extending from the original structure. Vertical steel columns are set at every 3.6 meters to reinforce the new curtain wall structure.
▼新幕墙的结构示意，The structure of the new curtain wall
Each level of the curtain wall is filled with many trapezoid volumes of variable cross-sections, one of which is composed of a “U” shaped perforated aluminum plate and a flat perforated aluminum plate. By connecting trapezoid volumes to each other vertically on each level, and creating a flat outward surface of façade, vertical steel columns are hidden in the continuous trapezoid volumes ingenuously. By unit combination, the trapezoid volumes which have three kinds of perforated aluminum plates form a rich and rhythmic curtain wall system. Regarding tectonic, the trapezoid volumes are prefabricated in factories before they were installed to inner supporting structures through holes of aluminum plates by workers onsite. Therefore, the appearance will not be affected by the exposed components of installation.
▼轻巧的幕墙表皮，Lightness of the curtain wall
▼竖向连续的变截面梯形体，Trapezoid structures with variable cross-sections continue vertically
On the other side, the second and third floor ceramic tile walls are repainted with new coat of four different green colors, forming a vivid stripe pattern and responding to the green trees nearby. Meanwhile, the inner green-color wall could be seen through the void of the curtain wall. Seen at the front, the inner green walls have the maximum presentation, and the whole building shows a reserved green appearance. As the watching angle changed, the inner green-color walls are gradually covered, which make the green appearance lively rather than dull or boring. What’s more, the outdoor terrace on the second floor is wider than that on the third floor. An enclosed space is created between the newly added curtain wall and the original outer wall, becoming a positive outdoor space for communication.
▼新的幕墙表皮形成的光影，Light and shadow created by the new curtain wall
▼新幕墙与原建筑之间的室外围合空间，Enclosed outdoor space between the new curtain wall and the original building
▼内墙颜色呼应周边绿色环境，The color of the inner wall responds to the green environment
In addition, a public circulation is introduced to the building, using the stairs to link the northern exit of the canteen on the first floor, the second floor, the third floor and the roof space, creating closer connection among public spaces with different levels. There is also a long opening in the newly added curtain wall corresponding to the public circulation, which integrate the inner space and the façade. People can enjoy the green trees and the city view outside through the opening when walking on the stairs.
▼楼梯串联不同标高的交流场所，The stairs link public places with different levels for communication
Most of the roof space are covered with grid, which can not only shade, but also form a whole structural system with better and steadier performance. Close to the mountain side, the open space on the roof turns into a garden where people can get in touch with nature. This semi-open roof space becomes the space for various activities: planting, holding outdoor parties and watching the night view of the center of Futian District.
▼屋顶格栅形成的光影，Light and shadow created by the roof grid
▼靠山一侧的开敞空间，The open space close to the mountain side
▼通过开口观看外部的绿树和城市，Walkers on the staircase enjoying the landscape and cityscape outside
▼二层平面图，Second floor plan
▼内立面与景观融合，The inner green-color wall merges with the environment
项目设计 & 完成年份：2017 & 2018
建筑：罗文国 麦梓韵 雷欢玲子 傅艺玲 黄颖慧丨刘睿珂 黄素琦
幕墙：方志江 杨帆 刘志 姜洁茹
机电：刘康荣 温小生 张楚 李文勇 李雯婷 李鹏
Project name: The Renovation of Lianhua Mountain Bus Terminal
Design：Mozhao Studio (CCDI)
Design year & Completion Year：2017 & 2018
Lead Architect: Guansheng Zeng
Architecture Design: Wenguo Luo, Ziyun Mai, Huanlingizi Lei, Yiling Fu, Yinghui Huang, | Ruike Liu, Suqi Huang
Structure Design: Fan Zhang, Yuanfeng Cao
Curtain Wall Design: Zhijiang Fang, Fan Yang, Zhi Liu, Jieru Jiang
Mechanical Design: Kangrong Liu, Xiaosheng Wen, Chu Zhang, Wenyong Li, Wenting Li, Peng Li
Project location: The Intersection of the Xinzhou Road and Hongli Road Futian District, Shenzhen, Guangdong
Gross Built Area： 1445㎡
Photo credits: Chao Zhang
Landscape Design: Box Studio
Interior Design: J&A Design
Clients: China Resources (Holdings) Co.,Ltd (Shenzhen), Shenzhen bus group Co.,Ltd