Twisting courtyard is located in Paizihutong, Dashilar Area, Beijing. It used to be a Siheyuan with one single entry. The purpose of the improvement is to upgrade the necessary infrastructure needed for modern life, thus turning this traditional courtyard, which mainly serve as a residence, into an attractive public space of Beijing Inner City.
▼扭院儿外貌，appearance of the Twisting courtyard
▼扭院儿内院，adytum of the Twisting courtyard
1、规整格局之下的扭动 Twist within regular layout.
The design aims at getting rid of the solemn and stereotyped impression given by Siheyuan, and creating an open and active living atmosphere. Based on the existing layout of the courtyard, the undulated floor is used to connect indoor and outdoor spaces of different height. And it is extended to the inside of the house, twisting into walls and roof, thus creating dynamic connection between inside and outside space. What’s hidden within the curved wall is necessary auxiliary spaces such as kitchen, toilet and warehouse; while reception and dinning spaces are shown outside the curved wall and connect to the courtyard as a whole. Both indoor and outdoor floors are paved with gray brick. A hawthorn tree in the courtyard is kept and being part of the twisting landscape.
▼摆脱四合院刻板庄重的印象，The design aims at getting rid of the solemn and stereotyped impression given by Siheyuan
▼地面的扭动铺装另庭院更加活泼，the twisted pavement creating dynamic atmosphere
▼利用起伏的地面连接室内外高差，the undulated floor is used to connect indoor and outdoor spaces of different height
▼起伏的地面延伸至房屋内部扭曲成为墙和顶，the undulated floor extended to the inside of the house, twisting into walls and roof
▼起伏的地面形成餐厅，the curved wall shaped dining space
▼厨房隐藏在曲线之内，kitchen is hidden within the curved wall
2、使用模式之间的扭转 Twist between patterns of utilization
The small yard is mainly used as urban public space while maintaining the possibility of using as a residence. The four houses can be rented for public events for purposes such as recreation, meeting and gathering. Meanwhile, they could be served as a family hostel with three bedrooms. Integrated furniture is used to enable the flexible switch of space scenes. Furniture boxes are inserted into the existing wood frames of east and west wings. Wood platform with lifting table hidden inside could be used as tearoom or bedroom. Bed wall and partitive soft curtain are also used in the main room on the north to meet multiple use requirements.
▼正房的休息区模式，the main room used as relaxing space
▼正房的卧室模式，the main room used as bedroom
▼主卧的功能转换，transformation of main room
▼储藏空间隐藏在厢房的木质家具中， furniture boxes are inserted into the existing wood frames of east and west wings.
▼厢房的茶室模式，wing used as tearoom
▼厢房的卧室模式，wing used as bedroom
▼厢房的功能转换，transformation of wing room
For building type “Siheyuan”, the courtyard is the core of living fun. “Twisting courtyard” makes micro-adjustment to relations between the parts to change the temperament of the courtyard space and to meet requirements of multiple use without changing the existing housing structure, making the traditional courtyard up-to-date and being integrated into modern urban life.
▼四合院在夜色中焕然新生，Siheyuan during the night
▼改造分析图，the analysis map
▼公共活动模式平面图，mode of public activity
▼居住模式平面图，mode of living
Location: Paizihutong, Beijing
Project type: Residence renovation
Site area: 225.4㎡
Building area: 161.5㎡
Main material: gray brick, oak panels
Design time: 2016.06-2016.09
Construction time: 2016.10-2017.05
Design team: Han Wenqiang, Huang Tao
Design company: ARCHSTUDIO
Furniture accessories: Song Guochao
Photographer: Wang Ning, Jin Weiqi
Text: Han Wenqiang