Shanghai Gaoyou road, a road that will never be widened, north from Fuxing west road, south to Hunan road. The road is 355 meters long, built in the 14th year of the republic of China. Gaoyou road, the representative of Shanghai classic alley, leads into the lane along the south side of Gaoyou road, which can be penetrated to the north side of hunan road. Inside there were several old houses, with mottled walls, towering chimneys, and leafy trees that covered the walls. From time to time rose leaves protrude from the high walls, and they bloom beautifully over the high walls. Listen to the sound of cicadas singing and talking softly in the garden, just like in Su Shi’s “butterfly lovers flower”. Swing inside the wall while street outside. Pedestrian outside the wall while the lady smiling inside the wall.
▼改造后项目外观，保留原本高耸的烟囱，external view of the project after renovation, remaining the high chimneys
In the 1981 film “narrow street”, many scenes were taken from lane 5, Gaoyou road, in which the leading actress Zhang Yu, a famous actor, was also a resident. The alley hall also once lived various politicians, artists, litterateur, the republic of China famous ladies, such as the modern litterateur Zheng Zhenduo, the film performance artist Tao Jin, the old French concession world commerce group commander Wei Yanrong, Peking Opera star Lu Meiyu, Bei Yang famous lady Wu Jing .Their life is like the epitome of shanghai legend.
Our project is located in the Gaoyou road, lane 5. The renovation scope includes the whole yard, subsidiary room, and whole 2nd floor. Wu Jing lived in the house for over seventy years, from the socialite of Republic of China era to south famous teacher. Every brick tile of the German style house has a story. Due to historical changes, the house has been divided into several households. Now it will be integrated and reconstructed as sample boutique apartment.
▼入口，保留原始的建筑风貌，entrance, remaining the original atmosphere of the building
No. 7 retains the original German architectural style, with its towering chimneys, shaggy walls, overshadowed by tall green trees, looming and silent. The building is empty on four sides, and the west side is adjacent to the public house built in the 1980s. The other three sides have courtyards. Part is the first floor of the neighborhood’s south courtyard; Part of it is a public front yard at the main entrance to the north side of the building; the other part is the scope of our renovation, that is, we need to go through the front yard to the eastern side yard surrounded by walls.
When designer came to the courtyard, there were green trees, camphor trees, persimmon trees, loquat trees and nameless trees. The tree trunks and walls were wrapped with wild vines, forming a rich natural landscape.
▼庭院内部，inside the courtyard
The courtyard is surrounded by green but was out of shape while grass is overgrown. Part of the ground is arched by the root of the tree, the floor deformation split, drainage system not work well. The building wall looks dilapidated. The walls are cracked and seepage water for a long time, which poses serious safety risks.
We measured each tree in the courtyard and asked the gardener to survey and evaluate the roots of the plants, pruning the redundant branches and tendrils, removing weeds, re-combing the drainage system and repairing the deformed ground. Let the courtyard show poetic beauty while giving more attention to practical functions.
▼改造前的庭院，the courtyard before renovation
We designed the entrance of courtyard with a cast iron parapet at the dividing line between the front and side yards of the neighborhood. A small window was replaced by an auxiliary room in the original courtyard at the entrance. When dusk fell, the warm yellow light filled the window, creating a feeling of going home.
On the basis of the inner courtyard, we set up a low wall, which is made of water-washed stone with the characteristics of Shanghai. As the foundation, the low wall breaks away from the outer wall of the surrounding neighbors, forming a relatively independent open space. Rainwater drainage system is installed between the low wall and the wall, making the whole courtyard an “island” and asking workers to tie up the most representative wall fence of Shanghai. The wall fence changes from green to yellow to slightly grey over time, providing a time-stamped texture background for the green of the courtyard.
▼用矮墙和墙篱笆围合庭院，形成相对独立的开放空间，use low walls and wall fence to enclose the courtyard, creating a relatively independent open space
▼矮墙和篱笆细部，details of the low wall and wall fence
We kept every tree, and set pits for trees according to their location. The floor was made of water-washed stone also. Black pottery grain spread to absorbing water. With the rendering by lighting, each tree becomes a role. The continuation of the form of the ground at the end of the courtyard along with the new topography of ditches, the corner of the arc of the steps of the endless overflow of small pools, is also a response to the new topography. The water in the sink slowly runs through the small yard, and the sound of the gurgling water serves as a counterpoint to the stillness of the yard.
▼从二楼俯瞰庭院，原本的树木被保留，view of the courtyard from the second floor, the original trees are reserved
▼溢水池与新地形呼应，the small pool corresponded with the topography
The interior of the subsidiary room has been rebuilt by users. It was used as storage. The modern industrialized security door, white plastic steel window, stainless steel security net and messy PVC drainage pipe make the exterior of the building full of cheap feeling. Lighting inside is dark, suspend ceiling left a sense of cramped.
▼改造后的茶室外观，external view of the teahouse after renovation
▼改造前的茶室，teahouse before renovation
We transformed the room into a teahouse and designed large glass flooring to the south of the courtyard, with a panoramic view of the four seasons. The ceiling is removed, the roof is opened up, and the exposed original roof frame wood beams and roof slabs are eaten by termites in large areas. Therefore, before interior decoration, professional organizations carried out the ant elimination project on the wood structure, and reinforce and update some decayed wood structures. The two sets of symmetrical roof beams are exposed, and the sense of space is effectively enhanced. The tea room is equipped with a water bar, and the cabinets upper and lower concealed strip lighting makes the indoor light continue the quiet feeling of the courtyard light.
▼改造后的茶室室内，屋架木梁裸露，interior of the teahouse after renovation, the roof beams are exposed
▼透过落地窗欣赏庭院景色，view of the courtyard through the French window
The main building is a brick and timber building, the exterior wall of rice gray cement paintings with grey cement wall skirt, high lighting the characteristics of Shanghai concession. The stair outside separated the building into two properties. There is also another stair to the kitchen and laundry room .The “master and servant walkways separation” has been a standard since 1930s in Shanghai.
▼改造后的客厅，living space after renovation
▼改造前的室内空间，interior space before renovation
Although the house is in the condition of a very rough rental before renovation, but the temperament of the house itself is still there. The windows are surrounded by green plants, as if in a park. The second floor can overlook the whole yard through the windows on both sides of the fireplace.
The multi-slope roof has a complex and rich ridge line, and the tiger window makes the indoor ceiling structure quite special. Large area of low flat roof and the height of the facade roof is very big difference, implying that the interior is hidden with a huge high-height space. After removing the existing suspended roof gypsum board, the original slope roof temperament and height can be seen.
▼室内利用多重坡顶复杂的屋脊线创造出独特的空间氛围，utilize the complex and rich ridge line to create unique space atmosphere
We measured every single frame inside. And accurately build model by computer to restore the scene. After study, it was found that there was no structural correlation between the wooden bar and the main beam, that there was no uniform space between the secondary beams, and that the connection position looks disordered. In the end, we retained the spatial form of the slope roof and re-built the insulation layer to make the internal roof look the same as the external one. At the same time, we keep the largest “umbrella” beam interspersed in the space.
▼保留最大伞字梁穿插在空间内，keep the largest “umbrella” beam interspersed in the space
After kitchen partition wall is torn down, the chimney that work for whole building was shown. Although the chimney of brick structure has lost original function, but still be retained completely, produce dialogue with contemporary lifestyle.
▼保留原本烟囱的青砖结构，与现代的生活方式产生对话，remain the brick structure of the original chimney, having dialogue with the contemporary lifestyle
The original chimney flue in the living room has been restored to use, and the fireplace surface is decorated with a green marble with a retro matte finish. The ground has been uplifted and the flooring is re-laid in a herringbone. The cavity formed between the uplifted ground and the original ground is filled with sound insulation, which reduces noise and ensures the privacy of the floor.
▼从书房看向起居室，view of the living space from the study room
The position of the master bed was rearranged and placed under the south window. The sloping roofs of both sides drew a neat triangular line on the south wall, which formed a green background wall under the color emphasis of the wood veneer and the green natural landscape of the south window.
Bathroom is a reflection of the most important way of life style, we rearranged to toilet layout. After the rearrangement of toilet need to solve the problem of waterproof, we use the method of shipbuilding that using steel to enclose bathroom down part. As the bathroom had been lifted, the drainage system has been separated from neighbor downstairs. Each bathtub of two bathrooms located towards garden landscape through windows. The original hardware and handle of window and doors are reused here. We customized the steel windows according to the characteristics of German architecture, coupled with the bronze-colored bolt, to reappear the classic style.
▼改造后的卫生间干湿分离，wet separated washroom after renovation
面 积：室内161平米 庭院 140平米
Project Name: The home of the courtyard,Gaoyou road , Shanghai
Area: interior 161 sqm ， courtyard 140 sqm
Design Period:2 months
Materials: water washed stone, bamboo fence, oak wood, marble, steel, paintings
Design Team: Jin Design Studio
Project Designer: Fan Jijing, Chai Runzhi, Zhang Qi, Song Wanyang, Lin Lida
Furniture and Decoration： Li Ju
Furniture Manufacture: Shanghai Zestman, Ltd