集市 | Market
Longba Town is composed by 19 villages, which do not possess a decent market. Groceries are locate along the the town’s only main road, and livestock are often slaughtered in the streets, spilling blood on the ground directly. Face such a situation, the government has set aside a small plot of vegetable land to build a market of about 2,500 square meters, which provides a high-quality shopping environment for residents, as well as hosts the annually festival and other activities. Therefore, it is not only a daily market serving the town, but also a festive place radiating the whole county. It should be convenient and comfortable, and also, it needs to have certain publicity.
▼新菜场夜间鸟瞰，aerial view of the new market at night
场地 | Site
The site environment is intricate but also interesting：Two rows of houses in the southeast encompass the site tightly; a canal winds its way to the northwest, leaving a zigzag outline of the land. In this regard, we adopted a design method from the inside out, starting from the center of the site, and then gradually to the outside, slowly infiltrate into the surrounding irregular corners to go.
Firstly, an array of 25 standard selling units was arranged, which occupied the center of the site to establish order. Then, the outer units were changed into rooms facing inward to complete the closure of the space and define the basic boundary of the building. Finally, it makes use of other auxiliary functions to “push hands” with the complex surrounding environment：The front square is enclosed by a low wall at the main entrance, and the gaps between houses are filled gently. The garbage and toilet are located in the north far away from the residential area, sticking out of the main building in the direction of the canal.
▼菜市场主体立面，elevation of the market
▼从坡道望向广场，view to the square
▼广场以矮墙围合，the front square is enclosed by a low wall at the main entrance
▼25个标准售卖单元的阵列占据了场地中央， an array of 25 standard selling units was arranged in the central area of the market
In addition, the original height difference of the site is directly maintained. The whole base has a slope of 1:60, which not only reduces the earth volume, but also facilitates the cleaning work in the future operation.
▼蜿蜒的坡道，the curved ramp
灯塔 | lighthouse
通过大屋面与中性的支撑构件形成一个匀质空间或一统空间（Universal Space），这是市场类建筑所普遍采用的空间原型，它与内部所发生的事件脱钩，从而获得使用上的弹性。而本方案试图让市场空间与买卖行为发生一一对应的强烈联系， 让空间、行为、结构、光线等元素在设计上形成合力，以产生更加强烈与戏剧化的表达。
The prototype commonly used in market architecture is a uniform space or unified space composed by a big roof and neutral supporting members. This project tries to make the market space correspond to the buying and selling behavior, to incorporate the space, behavior, structure, light and other elements together, so as to produce a more intense and dramatic expression.
▼各类市场空间原型，prototypes of market architecture
▼买方空间模型，buyer’s space model
Corresponding to the behavior of buying and selling, two different Spaces are shaped and juxtaposed: the seller’s space has a higher headroom, the columns encloses a square sales area with stalls in four directions. It forms a dramatic stage-like display effect with the skylight shed from the top. On the other hand, the surrounded buyer’s space has a net height which reduced to 3.5 meters, turning into a kindly scale. Viewed from the outside, it appears as 14 small lighthouses protruding from the roof.
▼买方空间从外部看呈现为大屋面上伸出的14个小灯塔，the buyer’s spaces appear as 14 small lighthouses protruding from the roof
结构 | Structure
The market is mainly built of steel structures. The double-clamped c-type steel beam is adopted to rivet on the steel column from both sides. The main beam and the secondary beam are staggered in height. This way of connection is not only convenient for construction, but also makes the components remain independent and complete, so that the structural logic is clear and easy to read. The original idea was to add a metal mesh ceiling under the beam, hoping to keep a certain balance between the abstract space and the expression of construction, but eventually it was cancelled due to the limitation of the cost.
In order to ensure the slender diameter of the column within 100mm, the structural engineer set the bottom line of the column distance of 4500mm and the cantilever of 3000mm. Under this framework, we constantly adjusted the plane, in order to make the neat column network coexist with the irregular architectural outline and the curved partition wall harmoniously.
▼工整的柱网与不规则的建筑轮廓以及曲线的隔墙和谐共存， the neat column network coexist with the irregular architectural outline and the curved partition wall harmoniously
项目名称 / 生鲜剧场
项目地址 / 湖北省十堰市竹溪县龙坝镇
竣工时间 / 2019年1月
建筑面积 / 2500㎡
设计方 / 小写建筑事务所
联系邮箱 / email@example.com
主创 / 李伟、袁媛、胡兴
设计团队 / 曾文娟 姜鹏 袁帅 汪思民 贺雨晴 马薇 董怡萍
结构设计 / 王金鑫
摄影师 / 何炼 直译建筑摄影
业主 / 龙坝镇政府
策划 / 湖北致上励合旅游营销策划有限公司
Project name：Fresh food theatre
Location：Longba Town, Zhuxi County, Shiyan City, Hubei Province
Completed: Jan. 2019
Gross built area: 2500㎡
Design：Describing Architecture Studio
Leader designer：LI Wei, YUAN Yuan, HU Xing
Design team: ZENG Wenjuan,JIANG Peng,YUAN Shuai, HE Yuqing,MA Wei,DONG Yiping
Engineer: WANG Jinxin
Construction responsibility:ZHANG Yanmin
Photographs: HE Lian
Client: Longba Town government
Plan:Hubei Zhishang Lihe Tourism Marketing Planning Co., Ltd.