The oldest building on the downtown pedestrian mall in Charlottesville, Virginia, USA, contains this minimal and modern renovation. The c.1843 three-story structure was badly in need of refurbishment — portions of the framing, roof, insulation, windows, mechanical systems, electrical and plumbing were all replaced and renewed so this building is set for service for another century or more. What was dark commercial space with claustrophobic offices and an enclosed storage attic is now transformed into a single spacious open floor apartment with a sleeping loft. Transparency from front to back is a key design intent, establishing visual access to the street trees in front and sunlight in the back. Multiple modes of direct and indirect natural lighting animate the space.
▼室内概览，overview © Virginia Hamrick Photography
A single scaled up cabinet “box” with hidden hardware, secret doors and rooms runs the length of the interior and conceals the kitchen, bathroom, services and storage. All kitchen appliances disappear when not in use. Doors to the left and right of the work surface open fully for access to a wall oven and refrigerator. The wood cladding is rough sawn white oak with a light stain. The floor planks are also white oak, keeping the color and material palette to a minimum.
▼多功能隔断隐藏厨卫空间，single scaled up cabinet “box” hiding the kitchen and bathroom space © Virginia Hamrick Photography
A window-like opening through the oak cabinet volume frames a view of the original brick masonry bearing walls offering a dramatic counterpoint of texture and color. The backsplash is completely open to a stair leading to the apartment vestibule below.
▼长窗开口露出内部的砖砌承重墙，a window-like opening framing a view of the original brick wall © Virginia Hamrick Photography
▼站在通向公寓前厅的楼梯上，view from the stair leading to the apartment vestibule below © Virginia Hamrick Photography
Seven new skylights in the high ceiling fill the space with natural light. New double pane aluminum-clad windows maximize the daylight openings and ensure better energy performance. New insulation under the existing roof provides thermal insulation far in excess of the code required value.
▼天窗引入充足的自然光，bring in plenty of natural lighting © Virginia Hamrick Photography
The sleeping loft stair is both foreground and background, heavy and light, transparent and opaque. The white guardrail is a single 3/8” thick painted steel plate. The treads and risers are folded perforated steel, fixed to the vertical steel plate guard, creating a delicate, but monolithic, integrated structure.
▼通向阁楼卧室的楼梯，the sleeping loft stair © Bushman Dreyfus Architects
▼细部，楼梯，details, treads and risers of the stair © Virginia Hamrick Photography
In the kitchen’s opening, a low-profile stainless steel utility trough with electrical outlets runs along the edge of the counter. Functional and durable stainless-steel accessories for the kitchen and bath are custom-fabricated locally.
▼细部，厨卫设施，details, kitchen and bathroom facilities © Virginia Hamrick Photography
▼平面图，plan © Bushman Dreyfus Architects
Name: Loft Apartment
Location: Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
Year built: 2019
Floor Area: 1350 sq ft (125 sqm)
Architect: Bushman Dreyfus Architects
Design team: Jeff Bushman, Aga Saulle
Structural engineer: Dunbar Milby Williams Pittman & Vaughan
General contractor: Longview Management & Construction Co.
Photography: Virginia Hamrick Photography