A public leisure open space, an eco-oriented community, a business card for the city, Zhangzhou Bihu Lake Eco-Park perfectly reconciliation these three concepts into landscape urbanism. Base on the current situation of detention basin, the task of the landscape architect focused on three aspects: build a wetland eco system, create an organic connection between urban function and open space, and provide a healthy and vibrant public environment. Bihu Lake provides a visionary example for developing cities.
▼南入口紧邻城市道路，the south entrance is connected to the urban roadway
It successfully balances economic needs and historical heritages, further more changes the city’s urban development pattern and affects subsequent urban development policies and public cultural change. The sustainable strategies show the potential benefits that investment in green infrastructure can be.
洼地的填空题 | Filling the Gap of the Bottomland
Located in Longwen District, the site is in the center of the “Golden Triangle” zone of Xiamen, Quanzhou and Zhangzhou, as a detention basin. Here, the site of the Bihu Lake Park suffers from waterlogging and typhoons annually. With a total area of 89.3 hectares, the site connects the old city on the west side of the lake to the east side of the new area. Jiulong River and its riverside green belt run through the south side of lake, while a High-speed railway station is situated on the other side of the river. Bihu Lake has promising regional advantages in the master plan of Zhangzhou’s new administrative center as an important part of the city’s green heart.
▼改造前的河流形态变化，the transformation of the river landscape before renovation
Bihu Lake Park’s construction is Zhangzhou’s largest investment project, involving 4 administrative villages and 8,000 people. In addition, construction in the detention basin has much more stringent requirements. Despite its obvious location advantages, the difficult development of this swamp has stranded the local government. For example: how to arrange existing local landscape heritages in this location, such as the trees at the old entrance of the village, ancestral hall and the Cuiying Temple. In the future, Zhangzhou city’s center area will be transferred to the east. This will help to integrate the rest of Xiamen city’s development under the overall planning strategy. Understanding this strategic planning, the local government profoundly awarded the detention area’s sustainable significance. Instead of follow the previous urbanization patterns in China, they decided to carry out plans of sustainable developing and park without boundary in the city.
▼改造后的碧湖生态公园，the Eco-Park after renovation
The project evolved in a three-stage process of international competition, urban planning and landscape design. The landscape architect team seized this opportunity to explore innovative concepts to build a city-level eco-recreational water park based on the detention basin, with a multifunctional green space that provides recreational opportunities for its citizens. The living, cultural, and sustainable waterfronts intersperse and cross each other. Together they make up the functional framework, creating a new image of the city.
▼位于东湖湖体中央的生态岛，the eco-island in the center of the east lake
以住在碧湖边为自豪 | Be Proud to Live Beside Bihu Lake
The open boundary of the park echoes the surrounding city function, while its three horizontal waterways intersperse with each other. The functional framework highlights the waterfront and the corresponding facilities and activities.
▼原址保留了蔡氏宗祠和萃英庙等古旧建筑，ancient buildings are remained in the site
Aside from retaining the Cuiying Temple and Cai’s ancestral hall, an artificial island was designed to preserve two ancient banyan trees. In the preservation process, the old buildings and their historical context became a unique charm in the lake’s new modern park. The burning incense is still continuously curling upwards in those ancestor temples and shrines, which have preserved the local ethnic customs and lifestyle.
▼项目还为古老的榕树规划设计了人工岛，an artificial island was designed to preserve two ancient banyan trees
In addition, the park also contains a children’s playground, city memorial museum, wetland education area and business district, as well as other facilities. Since its inception, the vibrant park is open year-round and has remained at the center of local life. People fly kites on the Sky Lawn, children dance in the lake square, and young men ride and run while egrets fly above. In the year of 2013, for the first time, Zhangzhou citizens enjoyed a completely different cultural vision and way of thinking through an international public art exhibition along the lake called “All the Way from Kassel,” which drew inspiration from dOCUMENTA, a world-class art event held every 5 years in Kassel, Germany.
▼沙滩、鹅卵石、浅水池、吊桥，组成了儿童玩耍的欢乐场地，the cobblestone beach, the paddling pool and the bridge provide a playground for children
▼全年无休的公园已成为了当地居民日常生活的一部分，the vibrant park is open year-round and has remained at the center of local life
▼环湖的栈道和自行车道，pedestrian and bicycle circulation around the lake
▼湖景概览，view to the lake
▼互动艺术装置，the interactive art installation
The establishment of a commercial culture street and dock created a convenient path from the living area to the waterfront. F&B relied on the lake and connected the city interface to create a cultural life with characteristics of urban life, resulting in an effective business. Highlighting the sustainable nature with respect for local characteristics stimulated the vitality of the community. The public park has become a green dream land for everyone. It is said in Zhangzhou that everyone is proud to live beside Bihu Lake.
▼景观与城市形成连接，connecting with the city interface
▼广场夜景，night view of the plaza
低影响开发的生态公园 | Low Impact
By drawing the Jiulong River water into the artificial wetland islands through a system of purification and filtration, landscape architects brought a sustainable, energy-saving solution to water quality, flood control and drainage problems. The use of the overall elevation and the lake’s inner circulation created water conservation areas. Solutions such as artificial wetlands, floating island, rain garden, ecological ditch and several other ecological engineering were used for water operations and maintenace. In order to provide 100 million squares to maintain storm water and flood during typhoon season, there is 1 meter height between the 54 hectares of the lake and the road level.
▼通过引入九龙江水进入人工湿地岛群中净化和过滤，能够持续、节能地解决景观水质、水量和防洪排涝问题，by drawing the Jiulong River water into the artificial wetland islands through a system of purification and filtration, landscape architects brought a sustainable, energy-saving solution to water quality, flood control and drainage problems
Bihu Lake Park’s ecological restoration was rapid. Water as a whole system bring a variety of functions to all, has become the soul of the park. In the northeast side of the lake, a no man’s island had become a habitat for many birds. All year round, the birds including egrets and ardea cinerea can be seen amongst people in harmonious coexistence.
▼水体成为公园的灵魂，water has become the soul of the park
城市政策的启发者 | The Development of Urban Policy
Zhangzhou Bihu Lake Eco-Park began expropriation in 2010 and was completed in 2013. Initially, the client only expected the rational use of the development of floodplain ideas. However, innovative concepts produced unexpected results, all the participants realized the potential for this urban park it was not only a recreational green space, but could also lead to the development of the city as a whole. Thus, it has historical impact on Zhangzhou’s urban debelepment.In the year of 2016, Zhangzhou’s municipal government proposed the planning concept of “5 lakes 4 seas.” It plans to develop 5 lakes and 4 seas (including Bihu Lake, Xihu Lake, Xiyuanhu Lake, Ninety-Nine Bay Lake, Nanhu Lake, and Litchi Sea, Banana Sea, Water Lilies Sea, Seasons’ Flower Sea) within the city’s green infrastructure network, which to improves the public’s accessibility to open space. In addition, the city has included sustainability and greater eco-awareness in its goals. The construction of the Bihu Lake Eco-Park has reinforced the environment development in the east side of the city, inspiring the urban administration and changing the mindset of the whole city.
▼从湖面望向公园，view from the lake
Bihu Lake’s four seasons has become Zhangzhou’s new city landmark. Loacal person love it: Runners jog in the park, children play and chase in the bunker, pool and playground, couples enjoy time with each other, elders rest under the ancient banyan tree after offering incense at the temple, noisy crowds gather in the square, and families fly kites on the Sky Lawn. The People here recommend Bihu Lake as a must-see place to their friends who have come from afar. Thanks to this lake, the city has found a brand new confidence for future development.
公司网站 : http://www.aoya-hk.com/
项目设计 & 完成年份：2010 & 2013
摄影师：张虔希 孙毅明 林涛 吕以乐
Project : Zhangzhou Bihu Lake Eco-Park
Landscape design: L&A Design
Design year & Completion Year：2010 & 2013
Project location：Zhangzhou,Fujian Province
Client : Fujian Zhangzhou City Investment Group, Zhangzhou Bihu Lake Eco-Park development and construction co., Ltd.
Municipal Engineering: Shanghai Municipal Engineering Design Institute (Group) Co., Ltd.
Photographer: Yiming SUN, Qianxi Zhang, Tao Lin, Yile Lv
Documentary: Tao Lin Wanshi Culture & Media Co. Ltd., Hui Yang, Longjiang Gao