Zhangzhou Bihu Lake Eco-Park, China by L&A Design

Parks change city

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漳州碧湖市民生态公园是体现景观都市主义理念的市民公园,生态导向型社区发展和公共休闲特色的城市名片。奥雅景观设计团队在滞洪区现状的基础上,建立起相适应的湿地生态系统,架构城市功能与开放空间的有机联系,形成健康又充满活力的公共空间。

▼视频,video

A public leisure open space, an eco-oriented community, a business card for the city, Zhangzhou Bihu Lake Eco-Park perfectly reconciliation these three concepts into landscape urbanism. Base on the current situation of detention basin, the task of the landscape architect focused on three aspects: build a wetland eco system, create an organic connection between urban function and open space, and provide a healthy and vibrant public environment. Bihu Lake provides a visionary example for developing cities.

▼南入口紧邻城市道路,the south entrance is connected to the urban roadway

从自然景观、城市景观和文化景观三个方面,碧湖为发展中城市如何平衡可持续发展战略与经济需求、历史遗产保护提供了极富远见和参考价值的案例。项目的成功不仅改变了整个城市的发展格局,也使地方管理者看到对绿色基础设施的投入所能够带来的经济与民生的双赢,进而影响了后续城市发展政策与市民文化变迁。

It successfully balances economic needs and historical heritages, further more changes the city’s urban development pattern and affects subsequent urban development policies and public cultural change. The sustainable strategies show the potential benefits that investment in green infrastructure can be.

▼湖边栈道,wooden deck

 

洼地的填空题 | Filling the Gap of the Bottomland

本项目位于福建省漳州市龙文区,位于福建省厦门、漳州、泉州“金三角”地带的漳州碧湖公园原址地势低洼,作为一个滞涝区,每年都会受台风侵袭,洪涝灾害频发。基地在漳州城市总体规划中位于城市CBD、新行政中心和九龙江及其滨江绿带之间,西连老城,东依新区,南望火车南站新站,是连接各区块的重要城市绿心。

Located in Longwen District, the site is in the center of the “Golden Triangle” zone of Xiamen, Quanzhou and Zhangzhou, as a detention basin. Here, the site of the Bihu Lake Park suffers from waterlogging and typhoons annually. With a total area of 89.3 hectares, the site connects the old city on the west side of the lake to the east side of the new area. Jiulong River and its riverside green belt run through the south side of lake, while a High-speed railway station is situated on the other side of the river. Bihu Lake has promising regional advantages in the master plan of Zhangzhou’s new administrative center as an important part of the city’s green heart.

▼改造前的河流形态变化,the transformation of the river landscape before renovation

碧湖公园的建设是漳州当时涉及面积、人口、投资最大的项目,地处洼地也对其滞洪区的功能提出更为苛刻要求。尽管其区位优势明显,但开发难度高,地方政府对如何处理新区与九龙江之间的洼地始终存在争议。例如:如何解决场地中分布有一些乡土景观遗产,如村口树、祠堂和萃英庙等的现实问题。在未来的漳州城市中心区将向城市东部转移,实现厦漳一体化城市发展战略的总体规划下,当地政府对于其滞洪区的生态意义有深刻的认识,没有仿效在之前的中国城镇化建设,进行粗暴的铲平铺设市政设施,而是进行了关于这片场地规划设计论证。

Bihu Lake Park’s construction is Zhangzhou’s largest investment project, involving 4 administrative villages and 8,000 people. In addition, construction in the detention basin has much more stringent requirements. Despite its obvious location advantages, the difficult development of this swamp has stranded the local government. For example: how to arrange existing local landscape heritages in this location, such as the trees at the old entrance of the village, ancestral hall and the Cuiying Temple. In the future, Zhangzhou city’s center area will be transferred to the east. This will help to integrate the rest of Xiamen city’s development under the overall planning strategy. Understanding this strategic planning, the local government profoundly awarded the detention area’s sustainable significance. Instead of follow the previous urbanization patterns in China, they decided to carry out plans of sustainable developing and park without boundary in the city.

▼改造后的碧湖生态公园,the Eco-Park after renovation

项目历经国际竞赛、城市规划、景观设计三个阶段,客户的要求是依托基地内规划的滞洪水体,建设城市级别的生态休闲水体公园,并通过公园周边住宅和公共服务设施的开发建设,打造一个城市生活与自然山水环境交相辉映的城市生态园区。景观设计师团队抓住这个机会,设置生活水岸、文化水岸和生态水岸,三条水岸相互穿插渗透,共同构建生态公园的功能构架,并以水的形态将碧湖中东西两边公园用地联系起来,将各功能区域有机串联。树立城市新形象,使漳州完成从绿色滨江城市走向蔚蓝滨海城市的转型,实现功能拓展与区域统筹协调,注重生态自然,实现经济发展与生态环保的共赢。

The project evolved in a three-stage process of international competition, urban planning and landscape design. The landscape architect team seized this opportunity to explore innovative concepts to build a city-level eco-recreational water park based on the detention basin, with a multifunctional green space that provides recreational opportunities for its citizens. The living, cultural, and sustainable waterfronts intersperse and cross each other. Together they make up the functional framework, creating a new image of the city.

▼位于东湖湖体中央的生态岛,the eco-island in the center of the east lake

 

以住在碧湖边为自豪 | Be Proud to Live Beside Bihu Lake

公园的设计根据与周边用地的划分,设置开放性的公园边界,以生活水岸、文化水岸和生态水岸三个主题,纵向上与周边城市功能形成呼应,横向上三条水岸相互穿插渗透,共同构建生态公园的功能构架。每幅条带关联并凸显水岸线及相应的功能设施和活动内容。

The open boundary of the park echoes the surrounding city function, while its three horizontal waterways intersperse with each other. The functional framework highlights the waterfront and the corresponding facilities and activities.

▼原址保留了蔡氏宗祠和萃英庙等古旧建筑,ancient buildings are remained in the site

在建设过程中,原址保留了位于碧湖周边的蔡氏宗祠和萃英庙,为保留两棵古老的榕树规划设计了人工岛,建成以后又异地迁入县级文保溪头蔡氏宗祠。老旧建筑和历史文脉的保留成为现代风格的碧湖公园中独特的点缀,常年香火不断,也延续了当地族群世代习俗与生活方式。

Aside from retaining the Cuiying Temple and Cai’s ancestral hall, an artificial island was designed to preserve two ancient banyan trees. In the preservation process, the old buildings and their historical context became a unique charm in the lake’s new modern park. The burning incense is still continuously curling upwards in those ancestor temples and shrines, which have preserved the local ethnic customs and lifestyle.

▼项目还为古老的榕树规划设计了人工岛,an artificial island was designed to preserve two ancient banyan trees

此外,公园中还新建了儿童活动区域,城市记忆馆,湿地教育区以及滨湖商业区等功能设施。建成以来,这个充满活力,全年无休的公园已成为了当地居民日常生活的一部分。人们在南门“天空草坪”上放风筝,孩子们在滨湖广场上跳舞追逐,年轻人在白鹭飞翔的栈道边骑行或跑步。漳州市也因此第一次由德国卡特尔引入了国际性的公共艺术展在公园内举办。漳州市民因为碧湖领略到了完全不同的文化视野与思维方式。

In addition, the park also contains a children’s playground, city memorial museum, wetland education area and business district, as well as other facilities. Since its inception, the vibrant park is open year-round and has remained at the center of local life. People fly kites on the Sky Lawn, children dance in the lake square, and young men ride and run while egrets fly above. In the year of 2013, for the first time, Zhangzhou citizens enjoyed a completely different cultural vision and way of thinking through an international public art exhibition along the lake called “All the Way from Kassel,” which drew inspiration from dOCUMENTA, a world-class art event held every 5 years in Kassel, Germany.

▼沙滩、鹅卵石、浅水池、吊桥,组成了儿童玩耍的欢乐场地,the cobblestone beach, the paddling pool and the bridge provide a playground for children

▼全年无休的公园已成为了当地居民日常生活的一部分,the vibrant park is open year-round and has remained at the center of local life

▼“天空草坪”,Sky Lawn

▼环湖的栈道和自行车道,pedestrian and bicycle circulation around the lake

▼湖景概览,view to the lake

▼互动艺术装置,the interactive art installation

通过设立商业文化街及码头建立最便捷的从城市生活区到碧湖水滨的路径,对应城市的水系脉络创建水系统的对接,结合城市道路轴线设置对景将视线引入到湖水面上,并依托湖与城市连接的界面,产生有效的边缘经济,创造具有城市生活特质的文化生活。 突出生态自然,尊重地方特色,激发社区活力的设计原则使这个市民生态公园成为了大家的绿色梦想之地。漳州市民更是以住在碧湖边而自豪。

The establishment of a commercial culture street and dock created a convenient path from the living area to the waterfront. F&B relied on the lake and connected the city interface to create a cultural life with characteristics of urban life, resulting in an effective business. Highlighting the sustainable nature with respect for local characteristics stimulated the vitality of the community. The public park has become a green dream land for everyone. It is said in Zhangzhou that everyone is proud to live beside Bihu Lake.

▼景观与城市形成连接,connecting with the city interface

▼广场夜景,night view of the plaza

 

低影响开发的生态公园 | Low Impact

景观设计师通过引入九龙江水进入人工湿地岛群中净化和过滤,可持续、节能地解决景观水质、水量和防洪排涝问题。利用总体高程,形成湖水区域内循环,创造水源涵养区,以人工湿地、湿地浮岛、雨水花园、生态明沟、绿色屋顶与墙面等诸多的生态工程和设施对水源进行渗透、滞纳、涵养和利用,引导收集和汇集处理雨水至湖体,补充景观用水。约800亩的湖面与路面之间保持一米左右的高差,在雨洪、台风季节可以提供100万方的蓄水量。

By drawing the Jiulong River water into the artificial wetland islands through a system of purification and filtration, landscape architects brought a sustainable, energy-saving solution to water quality, flood control and drainage problems. The use of the overall elevation and the lake’s inner circulation created water conservation areas. Solutions such as artificial wetlands, floating island, rain garden, ecological ditch and several other ecological engineering were used for water operations and maintenace. In order to provide 100 million squares to maintain storm water and flood during typhoon season, there is 1 meter height between the 54 hectares of the lake and the road level.

▼通过引入九龙江水进入人工湿地岛群中净化和过滤,能够持续、节能地解决景观水质、水量和防洪排涝问题,by drawing the Jiulong River water into the artificial wetland islands through a system of purification and filtration, landscape architects brought a sustainable, energy-saving solution to water quality, flood control and drainage problems

碧湖公园的生态恢复速度迅速。水体成为公园整个系统及各种功能实现的有机联系和纽带,成为公园的灵魂。在东区北侧设置的完全不上人的生态岛已经成为众多鸟类的栖息地,公园周边常年都可以看到鸟类与人和谐共生。

Bihu Lake Park’s ecological restoration was rapid. Water as a whole system bring a variety of functions to all, has become the soul of the park. In the northeast side of the lake, a no man’s island had become a habitat for many birds. All year round, the birds including egrets and ardea cinerea can be seen amongst people in harmonious coexistence.

▼水体成为公园的灵魂,water has become the soul of the park

▼生态岛,the eco-park

 

城市政策的启发者 | The Development of Urban Policy

漳州碧湖市民生态公园于2010年开始征迁,2013年建成。最初仅仅希望合理利用滞洪区的发展思路,因为领先的理念产生了意想不到的效果,引领了整个城市的发展方向,对于漳州的城市建设发展产生了历史性的影响。目前,漳州提出了“五湖四海”的规划理念,计划将包括碧湖在内的五湖(碧湖、西湖、西院湖、九十九湾湖、南湖),四海(荔枝海、香蕉海、水仙花海、四季花海),进一步形成城市范围内的绿色基础设施的网络,提高市民与城市开放空间的可达性,以建设“田园都市,生态之城”作为城市的发展方向。碧湖生态公园的建设,启发了城市管理的管理思路,改变了整个城市的思考模式。

Zhangzhou Bihu Lake Eco-Park began expropriation in 2010 and was completed in 2013. Initially, the client only expected the rational use of the development of floodplain ideas. However, innovative concepts produced unexpected results, all the participants realized the potential for this urban park it was not only a recreational green space, but could also lead to the development of the city as a whole. Thus, it has historical impact on Zhangzhou’s urban debelepment.In the year of 2016, Zhangzhou’s municipal government proposed the planning concept of “5 lakes 4 seas.” It plans to develop 5 lakes and 4 seas (including Bihu Lake, Xihu Lake, Xiyuanhu Lake, Ninety-Nine Bay Lake, Nanhu Lake, and Litchi Sea, Banana Sea, Water Lilies Sea, Seasons’ Flower Sea) within the city’s green infrastructure network, which to improves the public’s accessibility to open space. In addition, the city has included sustainability and greater eco-awareness in its goals. The construction of the Bihu Lake Eco-Park has reinforced the environment development in the east side of the city, inspiring the urban administration and changing the mindset of the whole city.

▼从湖面望向公园,view from the lake

公园内四季变化的图片成为社交网络上漳州的新名片。人们在公园的跑步锻炼,儿童在沙坑、水池和游乐场里嬉戏追逐,情侣在湖畔互诉衷肠,进香之后的耄耋老人在古老的榕树下乘凉。每逢节假日,喧闹的人群或聚集在碧湖北侧入口的广场上,或相约在南门“天空草坪”上放飞风筝,市民们把这里当做自己城市的必去之处向远道而来的朋友推荐。这座城市,因为这个公园成功,发现了未来发展的新方向。

Bihu Lake’s four seasons has become Zhangzhou’s new city landmark. Loacal person love it: Runners jog in the park, children play and chase in the bunker, pool and playground, couples enjoy time with each other, elders rest under the ancient banyan tree after offering incense at the temple, noisy crowds gather in the square, and families fly kites on the Sky Lawn. The People here recommend Bihu Lake as a must-see place to their friends who have come from afar. Thanks to this lake, the city has found a brand new confidence for future development.

▼平面图,plan

项目名称:漳州碧湖市民生态公园
景观设计:深圳奥雅设计股份有限公司
公司网站 : http://www.aoya-hk.com/
联系邮箱:haipei.tang@aoya-hk.com
项目设计 & 完成年份:2010 & 2013
项目地址:福建省漳州市
项目规模:占地89公顷
客户单位:漳州城投集团漳州市碧湖生态园开发建设有限公司
市政工程设计:上海市政工程设计研究总院集团有限公司
摄影师:张虔希 孙毅明 林涛 吕以乐
纪录片:万视文化传媒(漳州)有限公司 杨晖、高龙江

Project : Zhangzhou Bihu Lake Eco-Park
Landscape design: L&A Design
Website:http://www.aoya-hk.com/
Contact e-mail:haipei.tang@aoya-hk.com
Design year & Completion Year:2010 & 2013
Project location:Zhangzhou,Fujian Province
Area:89 hectare
Client : Fujian Zhangzhou City Investment Group, Zhangzhou Bihu Lake Eco-Park development and construction co., Ltd.
Municipal Engineering: Shanghai Municipal Engineering Design Institute (Group) Co., Ltd.
Photographer: Yiming SUN, Qianxi Zhang, Tao Lin, Yile Lv
Documentary: Tao Lin Wanshi Culture & Media Co. Ltd., Hui Yang, Longjiang Gao

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