感谢 中国建筑设计研究院乡土创作中心 与gooood分享以下内容。更多关于他们，请至：Rural Culture D-R-C on gooood
Appreciations towards Rural Culture D-R-C of CADG for providing the following description:
Shang village, located in Jixi Town of Anhui province, is both a National Traditional Village and a Historical and Cultural Village, where a lot of photography fans have been attracted by the landscape. The mountains are beautiful; however, the roads are hard and steep. Without any resources, the village is poor and getting hollow, and a large number of exquisite traditional buildings are not repaired in time, resulting in serious damage.
A series of art activities were involved in the village to inject new life and vitality into the precarious old houses, and try to explore an important way to revive the remote traditional villages. Therefore, the design team has carried out a lot of creative implantations, without any funds, but by the villagers’ participation, a large number of social practice and artistic activities have been carried out.
▼aerial view ©向刚
为了给艺术家一定的活动场所，吸引更多有创意的艺术家、设计师介入尚村，设计团队决定在残损的破房子上建设两座小房子——韶光艺廊（Model 1）和晒谷亭（Model 2）。前者用于展示摄影师或艺术家的作品，兼做开会交流之所；后者用于收藏作品和记录村中史事。
In order to provide artists a working place and attract more artists and designers to participate in Shang Village, two models were decided to build in the damaged houses : Time Art Gallery (model 1) and Grain-basking Pavilion (model 2). The former is used to exhibit the works of photographers or artists, and also as a place for meetings and communications; The latter is used to collect works and record historical events in the village.
The cost of each house shall be controlled within＄15000, and major machinery and modern equipment can not be used. The buildings should be suitable for manual construction by villagers and the materials must be easy to clean and maintain, and the operation cost shall be minimized, as well as, the new parts will conform to the styles of the traditional village and not destroy the rural features.
▼韶光艺廊鸟瞰，aerial view of the Time Art Gallery ©向刚
▼晒谷亭鸟瞰，aerial view of the Grain-basking Pavilion ©郭海鞍
Model 1：Time Art Gallery for lateral force resistance
▼艺廊入口外观，external view of the gallery at the entrance ©郭海鞍
Time, mentioned in old scriptures, is a beautiful pickup. Time Art Gallery is a place to record the life and art, which is among the Bamboo shed, U-shaped corridor and Old Oil workshop, only one side is open. Therefore, the main difficulty is peripheral buildings’ instability. How to effectively resist the horizontal forces of the old walls on both sides and keep good stiffness in the cracks is the key problem that should be solved.
Therefore, a safety nuclear structure system is adopted, which has no roots into the ground. A frame of dense small columns and beams, which are only 50mm square steel at an interval of 1m, supports the new light roof. The beam Structures are properly removed at the path and stairs to afford a passage space of 1m wide and 2m high. The whole steel frame has good integrity, like a safety cabin, which is embedded in the old residential buildings.
▼仰视艺廊天际线，look up at the skyline of the gallery ©郭海鞍
In order to save energy, the building is a semi enclosed space, with the opening facing the position of the U-shaped corridor, where the wind can pass through. And then, the gallery is cooled or heated by the corridor wind which is warm in winter and cool in summer. The roof is tiled by some metal external shading to prevent direct sunlight in summer. The enclosure material is hollow sunlight board, which has good thermal insulation performance. At the same time, the bamboo and bamboo materials woven by villagers are added between the sun boards, which can gain a good sun shading effect.
▼艺廊入口，entrance of the gallery ©郭海鞍
▼艺廊与U形廊入口，gallery entrance and U-shaped corridor ©郭海鞍
It is an old saying in Anhui province that water from four sides should return into the yard. So a small courtyard is designed inside the building. The yard is covered by soil, which can grow bamboo and draw grass. There are green plants inside the buildings. Entering the room, the upper and lower floor can be seen. The upper layer is a ring corridor, which is basically suspended by the roof structure; In the lower layer, four wooden columns are reserved at the original position tocommemorate the past space.
▼一层展厅，exhibition space on the first floor ©郭海鞍
▼从展厅看向井院， view to the sky well courtyard from the exhibition space ©郭海鞍
restored wooden columns remind people of the past ©郭海鞍
Because the structure and enclosure walls are so simple and pure that it is a difficult problem to install lights. An allusion, stealing light through the walls, comes up. Since the house cannot have lights, we can install lights on neighbor’s walls. Therefore, the lighting of the whole building is installed on the walls, and the transparent materials play as a ‘lampshade’.
▼环廊入口，entrance to the corridor ©郭海鞍
▼二层环廊，灯具设置在墙壁上，corridor on the second floor, lights installed on the walls ©郭海鞍
▼唯一可以看到室外的窗户，the only window with view to the outside ©郭海鞍
To reduce the load of the roof, special perforated metal plates were adopted, the hollow shapes of which are similar as the tube tiles. The light is transmitted and refracted through the perforated plates, with a beautiful land separation effect, which is the understanding and interpretation of ‘time’.
▼穿孔金属板屋顶，roof made of perforated metal panels ©郭海鞍
Model 2：Grain-basking Pavilion for resistance to vertical pressure
Shang village has a long history, and a non-governmental organization called ‘Grain-gathering Association’ is established, which is similar to the primitive insurance company, that is, to gather the spare grains of every family and assign to villagers in famines. Grain-gathering Association plays as an important role in social governance and the organizer of all the villagers. Grain-basking Pavilion is named after the meaning of Grain-gathering Association: the works of all the families and artists gather here to add up the strength of art and culture, which can provide energy for the development of the village!
▼晒谷亭外观，external view of the Grain-basking Pavilion ©郭海鞍
Different from the location of Time Art Gallery, the site of Grain-basking Pavilion is open with any horizontal force. The roof is small and covered by Chinese-style tiles which are same as the surrounding houses and a little heavy. To save money and materials, the pavilion is built in the same frame as the gallery, but how to bear the vertical load is the key problem must be solved.
▼晒谷亭周边相对开放，采用小青瓦屋面，the pavilion is located on a relatively open site, topped with gray tiles ©郭海鞍
▼晒谷亭后院，back courtyard of the pavilion ©郭海鞍
surface of the pavilion contrasts with the old walls nearby ©郭海鞍
Grain-basking Pavilion is a very small building, which has no dense columns and beams. To strengthen vertical bearing capacity, a steel shelf has lain in the center of the house, as a core, which can not only increase the stiffness of the structure, but also provides support for the ridges of the roof.
▼晒谷亭室内，白色金属格架加强竖向支撑，interior of the pavilion, a steel shelf helps to enhance the structure ©郭海鞍
▼走廊和楼梯，corridor and the staircase ©郭海鞍
The steel shelf provides a sunny atrium, two stories high, where the daylight can be seen and the air can be dried. The physical conditions are suitable to keep the works of artists and books. The vertical connection is a steep wooden staircase, which is some like a sutra Pavilion. The surrounding villages become very hazy against the sunshine board.
▼二层空间，space on the second floor ©郭海鞍
Grain-basking Pavilion is the place to bask grains, so we used little colorful beads instead of grains inside the panels, which give the black and white village in Anhui province more wonderful colors.
▼阳光板与光洙，panels and colorful beads ©郭海鞍
Light steel frame experiment is more like a device than a building, more like a mending than a new structure, with not too much cost and constructions. Dry work, temporary and experimental space are provided. This light intervention offers a possibility of substitution and replacement, and harmless construction method to the environment in the nature. The frame is something like scaffolds or protection devices, which will release more possibilities when more funds are gained in the future.
▼艺廊分解轴测图，exploded axonometric of the art gallery ©乡土创作中心
▼韶光艺廊首层平面图，first floor plan of the Time Art Gallery ©乡土创作中心
▼韶光艺廊二层平面图，second floor plan of the Time Art Gallery ©乡土创作中心
▼晒谷亭首层平面图，first floor plan of the Grain-basking Pavilion ©乡土创作中心
▼晒谷亭二层平面图，second floor plan of the Grain-basking Pavilion ©乡土创作中心
▼晒谷亭剖面图，section of the Grain-basking Pavilion ©乡土创作中心
Design Group: Rural Culture D-R-C of CADG
Chief Architect: Guo Haian
Design Team: Xiang Gang, He Rong, Meng Jie，Huang Wencan，You Yufeng
Planning and Design: China Academy of Urban Planning & Design
Floor area: 30+12㎡
Height: 2 stories
More： 中国建筑设计研究院乡土创作中心。更多关于他们，请至：Rural Culture D-R-C on gooood