The extension of the Frisa cemetery is an opportunity to rethink the relationship between sacred spaces and ourselves. In these places we think of our departed loved ones, we walk in silence, perceiving the slightest noises and the most subtle scents, reflecting on our own lives, on the lives of those who have gone before us and those who will come after. Thus, the project intends to amplify these perceptions, creating sober and minimal spaces, open towards the landscape and the horizon.
▼项目与周边环境概览，overall of the project and surrounding environment © Beatriz Arcari
The cemetery is par excellence a closed enclosure, separated from the outside world. A city of the dead that seems to want to hide and be forgotten. The new extension is conceived as a protected place but conceptually and perceptively open to the outside world, establishing a direct and contemplative relationship with vineyards and olive groves sloping down to the sea. The project is a path. A physical path, leading the visitor from the urban and anthropic space towards the panorama, but also suggesting a spiritual path which leads to reflect on the passage from earthly life to death. The complex is based on the creation of an artificial landscape, an architectural space formed by two parallel and opposing fronts on a flat terrain close to a deep valley.
▼从外部看，墓园是被保护起来的，From the outside, the cemetery is closed and protected © Beatriz Arcari
In the first building to the west, brick partitions protect and draw shadows over the columbaria portico. These partitions bend to hide the graves from the street view, also creating a triangular patio with a fountain and establishing a spatial tension with the second building characterized by a linear development. This second block has a completely different typology, divided into smaller areas alternating chapels and columbaria. The brick walls envelop this building too, through a reinterpretation of the typical grids of historic barns. The space created by the two fronts is conceived as a garden freely colonized by local plants, reinforcing the perception of an agricultural landscape which symbolically crosses the project. A large pre-existing olive tree has been relocated on the ground. Unlike the cypress tree, the olive tree is not a typical cemetery plant, but strengthens the relationship between the project and its context, being a faithful companion of the people who have cultivated these hills for thousands of years.
▼两侧的建筑相互平行又相互对立，architectural space formed by two parallel and opposing fronts © Beatriz Arcari
▼中央的庭院花园与橄榄树，the central garden and the replanted olive tree © Beatriz Arcari
▼西侧建筑折线型的砖墙与砖墙细部，the bent brick wall of the building on the west side and the detail of the brick © Beatriz Arcari
The open space is suspended over the landscape. A system of steps allows the creation of a belvedere and, at the same time, eliminates the need for a parapet that would limit the view of the valley. The project is therefore open, even though respecting the rules of closure and protection of the cemetery from the outside. A place culminating in a white cross, standing out against the blue of the sky and the green of the vineyards. This element “measures” the depth of the space and establishes a limit. It is a reminder of an earlier metal cross that was present in the historic cemetery until the beginning of the 20th century and has been lost.
▼庭院尽头的开放式观景平台，the open view platform at the end of the central garden © Beatriz Arcari
▼标志性的白色十字架，the white cross © Beatriz Arcari
▼由平台望向山谷与地平线，viewing the valley and the horizon on the platform © Beatriz Arcari
The new extension of the cemetery is not just a place to lay a flower for one’s dead, but a place to remember them and listen to the silence, contemplating the land where they lived, aiming the horizon towards the infinite and the transcendent.
▼由建筑内部看庭院中的橄榄树，viewing the olive tree from the interior of the extension © Beatriz Arcari
▼由建筑内部看白色十字架，viewing the white cross from the interior of the extension © Beatriz Arcari
▼折线型的墙体形成三角形的天井庭院，the bent walls form a rectangular patio © Beatriz Arcari
▼建筑内部的光影与墙面细部，detail of the light and shadow effect on the brick wall inside the extension © Beatriz Arcari
▼骨灰堂，columbaria © Beatriz Arcari
▼山谷整体剖面，overall section of the valley © arcari cimini architettura
▼中央庭院与建筑意向图，sketches of the central garden and architecture © arcari cimini architettura
▼平面图，plan © arcari cimini architettura
FIRM : arcari cimini architettura
DESIGNERS : REMO CIMINI (main architect) / ANDREA JASCI CIMINI (concept design)
STRUCTURE : arch. Remo Cimini – Ing. Zulli Alfredo
GEOLOGIST: Alessio Carulli
PROJECT YEAR：2010- 2019 on going
PHOTOS : Beatriz Arcari