People like to live where there is water and grass. The same is true when they build their cities. Every city has its own river vein. Just like the Seine to Paris, the Thames to London, the Hangpu River to Shanghai, the Xiang River is the symbol of Changsha City, which serves as the living resource and spiritual support for generations.
Known as the hometown of the famous patriots Qu Yuan and Jia Yi, and the cradle of the traditional Chinese culture, Changsha is now a famous city for entertainment culture. From a small ancient town to today’s international city, Changsha has been updating itself through reforming and exploring. In the Riverside Park along the west bank of the Xiang River, GVL has designed a 2.45 km long landscape zone for both commerce and tourism. It will further update the international image of Changsha City. Changsha has always been built along the two banks of the Xiang River since ancient times. Based on the Riverside Park which is planned to be the “international financial center” and the “core of the CBD”, GVL’s design team has taken advantage of the 2.45 km long waterfront resources to create a landscape zone which will greatly improve the international status of Changsha City.
From the perspective of operation, the design team has taken advantages of superior waterfront resources, hoping to create a complex landscape zone which integrates tourism, commerce, recreation, culture and sports. Upon completion, it will be an urban open space which meets everyday demands and provides a sense of belonging. With Tanshan Road on the north and Yinpenling Bridge 150m to the south, the site is opposite to downtown Changsha and the four government buildings, enjoying rich ecological and landscape resources. However, the long and narrow site is lack of spaces for experience, interaction and recreation, which doesn’t match the position of the Riverside Park.
▼具有情感归属的城市开放空间，a complex landscape zone which integrates tourism, commerce, recreation, culture and sports
立足滨水，丰富岸线空间，增进人与水的关系|Enrich the riverfront space experience, enhance the relation between people and water
The Xiang River is the chief river of the Lake Dongting drainage system of the middle Yangtze, abundant in water resources. Therefore, the design of the riverfront should take the variation of water level into consideration. According to the changes of water level over the years, the design team has transferred the dull riverfront space into a three-level space system, which will greatly enhance the interaction between people and water.
▼三个层次的岸线空间体系，the three-level space system
When designing the space structure, the team hopes to well control the space and highlight the characteristics of the site by proper use of points, lines and interfaces. Points, just like the DNA of the space, shape the memorable nodes of the space; lines mean the traffic system which includes the footpath, the cycleway and the mini railway, making the landscape zone more accessible; the points and lines combine to form some interfaces. With clear plan, it will create a series of orderly riverfront spaces.
着眼未来，增强通达性，实现景观与商业互动|Look to the future and enhance the accessibility
Landscape design is not only for visual effect but also for more possibilities. From the perspective of operation, the team has created a series of facilities for fun, which will attract people and promote the commercial development in the future.
▼景观廊桥， landscape corridor
▼景观廊桥连通至商业裙楼，landscape corridor connects with the commercial podium buildings
The landscape corridor is designed to connect with the commercial podium buildings. Arch structure in the Hunan Embroidery Square allows people to have more fun when crossing it. Landscape tower is designed as a landmark for overlooking the beautiful views of the Xiang River. Lively whale sculpture matches the fountains perfectly, providing great experience for children. And the sand beach provides more possibilities for fun experience in the future commercial area.
▼活泼的鲸鱼装置与旱喷水景相结合，Lively whale sculpture matches the fountains perfectly
▼鲸鱼装置增强亲子互动体验，whale sculpture provides great experience for children
延续文化，提取工业元素，打造空间记忆点|Inherit the local culture, extract industrial elements and create space nodes
The west bank of the Xiang River is where Changsha’ industrial civilization began and where the old Yuxiang Cotten Mill and Changsha Shipyard were located. Thus the team has used the industrial elements of the old shipyard and post-modern design skills to identify the landscape. The old site of Yuxiang Cotton Mill was located on the south of Yinpenling Bridge, which benefited the development of Hunan Embroidery. The team is inspired by the mesh pattern and twisted pattern of Hunan embroidery and creates some typical landscape items.
▼脱胎于湘绣文化的建筑小品，The architectural sketch originated from Hunan embroidery culture
The old shipyard is located in the south end of the site. The designers have followed the historical style and created a double-level lounge bridge which provides diversified spaces for stay and relaxation. It hopes to remind people of the old memory and well interpret the history of the city. The classical ship model produced by Changsha Shipyard is also used in landscape design, reminding people of the old days.
▼观景廊桥，double-level lounge bridge
▼在高处俯瞰湘江和老码头，It hopes to remind people of the old memory and well interpret the history of the city
All designs must be based on human needs. And the space should the container for holding all kinds of feelings.People of different ages have different requirements for the public spaces. Therefore, the design team tries to provide multiple space experiences which provide people with comfort and the sense of belonging. Riverside Park, which is called“the Lujiazui” in Changsha, is developing rapidly to become the most active financial center in Changsha or even in China. Now, the first stage of the landscape zone has already come into service, which embraces every dynamic morning together with the struggling young people here.
▼长沙船厂出品的经典船形应用到小品当中，The classical ship model produced by Changsha Shipyard is also used in landscape design
▼人们自然而然地与空间产生情感连接，People naturally create emotional connections with space
Project: Changsha Xiang River West Bank Commercial & Tourism Landscape Zone
Developer: Changsha Riverside Park Construction & Development Co.,Ltd.
Category: tourism planning and urban open space design
Landscape Design: GVL