A dormitory was built as a residential school for 50 students from sub-Saharan Africa to prepare them for entering universities abroad. It is located in a rapidly urbanizing town, 13km from Kampala, the capital city of Uganda. It stands right on the equator but high above sea-level. The building is designed to respond, simply, to the climate, with tall walls positioned East-West to maximize shade, and large openings facing South and North – that bring wind and light deep into the rooms.
▼宿舍建筑外观，exterior view of the dormitory
▼应对当地气候的设计图解，climate design diagram
We noticed that the local people spent hot days outside – in shade and in the breeze – and we followed the same principle by positioning long walls on east and west sides to give shadow, and by making large openings on North and South facades to draw wind and light deep into the rooms.
▼东西向设置长长的墙面，大面积开口布置在南北两侧，positioning long walls on east and west sides to give shadow and making large openings on North and South facades
▼室外休闲空间，outdoor leisure space
All materials and construction technologies were locally sourced – in respect for the local culture. The variegated red bricks were carefully selected and the walls were carefully built. It is because the visual weight and thickness lends the building a sense of security, like the trunk ion a big tree that is rooted deeply into the Earth, which makes people want to touch, or lean on it.
▼女生宿舍-建筑使用仔细挑选的杂色红砖和精心砌筑的墙体，girl’s dormitory-the variegated red bricks were carefully selected and the walls were carefully built
▼教室及入口，classroom and entrance
▼建筑入口空间， entrance area
▼檐口细节，detail of the eaves
▼两面砖墙之间的空间宽度为3至4米，墙内空间彼此连通，rooms that share a space between two brick walls – 3 and 4 meters wide spaces called ‘bay’ – are united
It comprised of classrooms, both male and female dormitories, staff quarters, a canteen, kitchen and also office for staff. In the enclosed site, the biggest challenge was to keep a proper distance between quiet individual activities and group activities. Rooms that share a space between two brick walls – 3 and 4 meters wide spaces called ‘bay’ – are united, while those that stand each side of the wall are separated. Besides the span across – and unified – three ‘bays’ is large enough for the whole community to gather in.
▼与大厅连通的食堂，canteen is extended to hall
▼独立学习空间，individual study space
Through the long process of construction, masons and laborers found pride in their own bricks that they originally thought had no value.
▼首层平面图，ground floor plan
▼二层平面图，first floor plan
Location : Nansana Uganda
Site area : 2,140 ㎡
Total floor area: 1,316㎡
Architect: Ikko Kobayashi + Fumi Kashimura / TERRAIN architects
Local architects: Enock Kibbamu / Plantek Limited
Contractor: Aswangah Construction Services
Art Work: Mari Minato
Photo: Timothy Latim