Amore Pacific is a brand of cosmetics, products used in industrial quantities by oriental women to enhance their beauty, hide imperfections or to deepen the whiteness of their skin, a sign of nobility and beauty, like the gaja* whose white features, charm and musical sensibility turned her into an object of cult and desire. Initiated by his grandmother, the cosmetics company had almost by chance begun to collect items related to the wellbeing of women. Cosmetic items, clothing items, decorative items as well as items relating to the tea ceremony. Today, the collection is immense, as are also the quality and the beauty of most of the items. Items of national value and interest, concerning things for which quantity also is quality.
▼概览，overall view ©FERNANDO GUERRA
The first introduction that resulted in work in Korea, (the southern half, that is, since for many Koreans there is only one Korea, temporarily subdivided), coincided with the visit to Portugal by the owner of Amore Pacific, for the purpose of getting to know Álvaro Siza’s work. As I knew the architects who accompanied with him, it was my job to show them around. His intention was to formalise an invitation to design a museum.
Enthused, the client wants to locate the museum in the centre of the city of Seoul, and so purchases more and more land, something which is so scarce on those shores and expensive, very expensive. We wait and the first project has not yet got off the paper.
▼设计草图，design sketch ©Álvaro Siza
Forty minutes drive from Seoul, in the outlying city of Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do, Amore Pacific has a very large estate, which I like to call a campus, as that is what it seems like. In this campus are gathered the R&D – Research and Development, and the training departments. There is a large grey granite building, where the research and investigation laboratories are concentrated. This building is the result of various additions and adaptations. And now it urgently needs major restructuring. In another dark brick building are all the staff training facilities and the improvised museum, displaying only a small part of the collection. The rest of the ever-expanding collection is in storage, in the basement. Another small building, which is isolated, as if pushed into a corner, to the northeast, serves as accommodation for anyone who comes here from a distance to do training or research.
▼设计草图，design sketch ©Álvaro Siza
The exterior area is characterised by a huge collection of trees and shrubs that the client buys or transplants here from elsewhere. In Korea everything gets transplanted. From the huge, sculptural pine tree, that we are used to seeing in oriental prints, to the most subtle maples in varying colours. The transplants, set in groups, seem more like art installations: the trees linked together with thick bamboo canes, supporting each other until they develop roots. The huge sports fields that still give sense to the maxima mens sana in corpore sano, are now abandoned in preference for the health club.
▼园区由树木环绕，the campus is surrounded by trees ©FERNANDO GUERRA
▼建筑庭院中移栽的树木，trees transplanted in the architecture courtyard ©FERNANDO GUERRA
At the start of the project the Laboratory was envisaged in the space next to the existing one, allowing most of the services to be moved and for the desired re-use of the old equipment. The short term need to include a new building for more laboratories would have to be considered, in the normal and predictable expansion process. Then came the Pavilion, a multi-use space linking buildings and functions. And the respective outside spaces, extensive, generous. Next came the hotel, exclusively for private use to substitute the existing buildings which didn’t provide for the dignified reception of guests. After the presentation of the sketch designs, another pavilion was requested. So, Pavilion II appeared.
While we are at it, it would be convenient to re-think the Gate House as it is the front of the Campus, of the Company. And why not re-think the outside spaces, now that the relationship between the existing buildings and the planned ones has become so obvious? A Campus is actually this, a relationship between buildings, where the external spaces act as a support. Or is it the other way around?
▼模型，model ©Álvaro Siza
The laboratory building is big because the brief was big. Parking in the basement. Social and technical areas in the semi-basement. Research and work areas in two floors that are raised above the ground in order to maintain the relationship of spaces and views.
▼实验楼外观，external view of the Research and Design Center ©FERNANDO GUERRA
The base; the building which forms the base is clad with slabs of slightly rough black granite. Over this building there is a partially landscaped terrace where the confluence of pathways and the separation of that which is on the ground and that which is suspended in cantilevers occurs.
▼花岗岩板覆盖的建筑基座，architectural base covered by granite panels ©FERNANDO GUERRA
▼露台上的巨大悬挑，large cantilevers above the terrace ©FERNANDO GUERRA
partially landscaped terrace and confluence of paths ©FERNANDO GUERRA
▼悬挑下的空间，space under the cantilever ©FERNANDO GUERRA
▼从露台看向远处，view to the distance from the terrace ©FERNANDO GUERRA
The social areas are made up of exhibition areas for the company’s art collection, meeting rooms, a restaurant and two conference rooms, one of which is in the form of an amphitheatre. And the Health Club.
▼入口空间，entrance space ©FERNANDO GUERRA
▼室外公共区域，outdoor public area ©FERNANDO GUERRA
▼建筑与中央庭院，building and the central courtyard ©FERNANDO GUERRA
▼大堂，lobby ©FERNANDO GUERRA
▼围绕庭院的走廊和社交空间，corridor and social space around the courtyard ©FERNANDO GUERRA
▼开放的社交区，open social area ©FERNANDO GUERRA
▼会议室，meeting area ©FERNANDO GUERRA
▼展览空间，exhibition area ©FERNANDO GUERRA
▼交通空间，circulation space ©FERNANDO GUERRA
▼休息平台，resting platform ©FERNANDO GUERRA
▼报告厅，auditorium ©FERNANDO GUERRA
▼餐厅，canteen ©FERNANDO GUERRA
The research floors are as open as possible, in accordance with the express wishes of the client, who was clearly impressed by the relationship between spaces in the Library of Aveiro University, and in accordance with the need to ventilate and dissipate smells and fumes and to guarantee safety and for the other technical conditions typical of a laboratory.
▼开放的研究和办公空间，open research and working space ©FERNANDO GUERRA
▼实验室，laboratory ©FERNANDO GUERRA
▼产品展示区，products exhibition area ©FERNANDO GUERRA
The volume of the laboratories is almost entirely clad in a double skin glazed screen on a metal structure. The faces and details vary between zinc and white marble, differentiating between spaces and also between functions.
▼实验室体块整体外观，external view of the laboratory volum ©FERNANDO GUERRA
double glazed screen used at the facade of the laboratory volume ©FERNANDO GUERRA
details of the glazed screen and the metal structure ©FERNANDO GUERRA
Despite being a box or a container for functions, the richness in the simple use of materials transforms it into a kind of Pandora’s Box in reverse, out of which come the most beautiful things that transform the least beautiful women in the kingdom of Korea.
▼夜景，night view ©FERNANDO GUERRA
▼入口层平面图，main access floor plan ©Álvaro Siza + Carlos Castanheira + Kim Jong Kyu
▼实验室入口层平面图，laboratory access floor plan ©Álvaro Siza + Carlos Castanheira + Kim Jong Kyu
▼实验室一层平面图，laboratory first floor plan ©Álvaro Siza + Carlos Castanheira + Kim Jong Kyu
▼实验室二层平面图，laboratory second floor plan ©Álvaro Siza + Carlos Castanheira + Kim Jong Kyu
▼屋顶层平面图，roof floor plan ©Álvaro Siza + Carlos Castanheira + Kim Jong Kyu
▼立面图，elevations ©Álvaro Siza + Carlos Castanheira + Kim Jong Kyu
▼剖面图，sections ©Álvaro Siza + Carlos Castanheira + Kim Jong Kyu
Client: AMORE PACIFIC
Location: South Korea, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do
Architects: Álvaro Siza wih Carlos Castanheira and Kim Jong Kyu
RESEARCH AND DESIGN CENTER
Design Period: 03 ~ 2008. 09
Construction Period: 10 ~ 2010. 05
Office in Portugal: Carlos Castanheira & Clara Bastai, Lda.
Coordinator: Pedro Carvalho
Collaborators: Eliana Sousa, Im Yo Jin, Ricardo Serra, Patrícia Carvalho, João Figueiredo
Office in Coreia: M.A.R.U. Metropolitan Architecture Research Unit
Coordinator: Kim Soo Young
Collaborators: Min Jun Kee; Jang Byul, Kim Young Soon, Lee Zoo Hwa
Construction area: 26,029㎡