Ready for Take-off:Air traffic starting at BER by gmp

Central international air traffic hub for up to 27 million passengers per annum

Project Specs

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2020年10月31日,柏林-勃兰登堡(威利·勃兰特)机场即将举行落成验收仪式。分别由汉莎航空与易捷航空执飞的两架航班将于14时降落于新机场跑道,这一刻标志着由gmp·冯·格康,玛格及合伙人建筑师事务所主持设计的柏林-勃兰登堡机场正式投入运营。2020年11月1日,德国首都新机场的首飞航班即将正式起飞,首次前往值机柜台及登机口的旅客们可一览气势非凡的屋面之下通高明亮的候机大厅,亲身体验gmp设计建造的空间品质。

On October 31, 2020, Willy Brandt Airport at Berlin Brandenburg starts operations. The airport with the code BER, which was designed by von Gerkan, Marg and Partners Architects (gmp), will be officially opened at 14:00 hours with the landing of a Lufthansa and an Easyjet plane. Before the first departure from the new capital airport on November 1, 2020, passengers will be experiencing their check-in and boarding for the first time under the impressive roof of the high and airy terminal hall designed by gmp.

▼机场整体区域鸟瞰,aerial view of the whole airport area © Marcus Bredt

▼项目鸟瞰,aerial view of the project © Marcus Bredt

柏林-勃兰登堡新机场由航站楼主体建筑与坐落在平行起降跑道系统中央的机场城组成,机场维护区域位于西侧,服务和货运区域位于东侧。各个区域均以整体基地主轴线为导向布局,实现在功能和组织上的统一。新规划的轨道、公路以及航空线路都将综合于一个交汇站点,极大地缩短登机换乘距离,最高程度地实现多式联运系统。场地规划从基地东面独特的勃兰登堡文化景观着手,向机场核心区域深入,在机场城范围打造具有城市环境氛围的场地景观。

The Airport consists of the passenger terminal, the Airport City in the center of the parallel takeoff and landing runways, as well as maintenance areas to the west and service and cargo areas to the east. All elements are aligned along the overall axial system and form an architectural and functional unit. The newly built railway, road, and aviation hub converges at one point and thereby ensures that the distances between the different transport modes are as short as possible. Starting from the entrance in the east, the traditional Brandenburg landscape has been remodeled to create cohesive urban open space in the Airport City at the center of the airport.

▼项目远观,viewing the project at© Marcus Bredt

▼入口立面,front facade of the main entrance  © Marcus Bredt

模块化以及功能空间的极佳灵活度是航站楼建筑在结构推敲和方案设计方面遵循的核心原则。从城市规划与总体布局的角度观察,航站楼通过到达大厅与停机场相连,是整个机场基地的核心建筑。航站楼综合体由主候机大厅及其前方机廊厅组成。航站楼建筑以其简明典雅的气质,运用理性规整的柱式元素构成建筑与景观、楼体与场地之间完美过渡,给予柏林-勃兰登堡机场基于本身特定场地全新的建筑诠释。

Modularity and maximum functional flexibility were also key parameters for the construction and design of the terminal building. It lies between the land-side area and the apron and forms the architectural and structural core of the airport. It consists of the main hall with its piers. The generous and clear layout of the terminal hall in combination with the colonnade motif of the transition between architecture and landscape, define the characteristic style of the new Berlin Brandenburg Airport.

▼航站楼综合体由主候机大厅及其前方机廊厅组成,the terminal building consists of the main hall with its piers © Marcus Bredt

▼理性规整的柱式元素构成建筑与景观、楼体与场地之间完美过渡面,generous and clear layout of the terminal hall in combination with the colonnade motif of the transition between architecture and landscape  © Marcus Bredt

首先,gmp为所有设计相关问题敲定了一套设计准则,形式如同一本通用手册。这本设计手册从城市规划、功能及设计角度提出构想,说明了各个比例层面的设计要求,由城市规划到轴线尺寸体系,还有建筑体量、材料、色彩和家具等等。此外,整体方案提出了一个水平方向6.25米的基本轴网系统,在此基础上将轴网单元重复7次构成跨度为43.75米大模块单元,模块尺寸参考标准C机型停机位数据,其中包括柏林起降航班中最常见的空中客车A320机型。得益于此,与主机廊厅相连的登机桥间距完美契合机位要求,值机大厅亦沿用43.75米柱网体系。机场设计巧妙利用多样统一的度量体系消解飞机带来的巨大体量感,着手于符合人体尺度的度量标准,大到空间布局的总体,小到石材铺砖的细部,精细严谨的度量系统贯穿机场整体设计。

To achieve this, gmp at the very start developed design principles compiled in a type of manual that were to be followed by all stakeholders in the design process.  The design manual established the town planning, functional, and artistic design concept for the airport—at all scales—from the urban design aspects to the main axes and dimensional systems through to the building volumes, materials, colors, and furniture. Furthermore, the entire scheme has been developed on a basic horizontal grid of 6.25 meters. Multiplied by 7 this results in the supermodule of 43.75 meters, which corresponds to the parking width required for a category C aircraft, including the Airbus A 320, the most frequently used aircraft in Berlin. This large grid of 43.75 m determines the spacing of the main piers with their distinctive passenger bridges as well as that of the columns in the check-in hall. The play with the common denominator brakes the dimensions of a plane down to a human scale and can be experienced at all scales-from the large building elements to the space structure and down to details such as the pattern of the natural stone flooring.

▼模块尺寸参考标准C机型停机位数据,the supermodule of 43.75 meters corresponds to the parking width required for a category C aircraft  © Marcus Bredt

▼与主机廊厅相连的登机桥间距完美契合机位要求,the main piers with their distinctive passenger bridges as well as that of the columns in the check-in hall  © Marcus Bredt

▼机场细部,details of the airport © Marcus Bredt

航站楼主体总长为220米,其均衡明晰的建筑格局与全玻璃幕墙形成的自然采光相结合,创造具有明确导向与舒适体验的空间品质。将近20米高的大厅幕墙满足了机场建筑追求极致轻盈通透的要求。全玻璃幕墙采用预应力拉索承重结构,仅装配水平方向的受力构件,因而提供开放的全景视野,旅客可自由远眺机场四周景观。高约30米的十字钢柱依照43.75米模块网络排列,承托总面积为49000平方米的屋面结构。从车行前广场到机廊厅,航站楼内各功能区域综合在一座端庄大气的屋顶之下,横跨于出发厅与到达厅之间。

The clear spatial arrangement and the natural lighting ensure easy orientation and create space with a high amenity value. This is further enhanced by the approx. 20 m high facade of the hall. Its structure is based on a pre-tensioned cable system in which the only structural members are horizontal profiles, thereby allowing the passengers unobstructed views of the entire outside panorama. Supported by nearly 30 m-high steel columns spaced at 43.75 m, the 49,000 square meter roof of the 220 m-long terminal building covers in one large deck the different functional areas from the drop-off area to the piers, connecting the land-side and air-side areas.

▼值机大厅,the check-in hall © Marcus Bredt

▼值机大厅亦沿用43.75米柱网体系,Check-in hall also uses the 43.75 m column grid system © Marcus Bredt

▼由二层看值机大厅,viewing the Check-in hall at the first floor © Marcus Bredt

▼中庭,patio  © Marcus Bredt

▼下层值机,上层商业休闲,check in hall with commercial area on the upper floor © Marcus Bredt

▼登机口,gate © Marcus Bredt

通高明亮的候机大厅兼具登机手续办理以及行李处理等核心功能,通过车行前广场及火车站的交通接驳,到港和出港旅客人流汇聚于此。在旅客人流引导方面,设计沿用独有的人流分区思想,即分离出发楼层-到达楼层以及申根服务区-非申根服务区,这一构想通过登机口配套的三层连桥通道实现。

The high and airy main hall accommodates the key functions, such as check-in and baggage handling. It is where the passenger flows converge from the air-side area and the land-side area, i. e. from the railway station and the drop-off area. A special solution was found for directing passengers to the separate arrival and departure levels of the terminal and for channeling Schengen and Non-Schengen passengers along separate routes. This is achieved via three-story bridges leading up to the gates.

▼通往候机大厅,hallway to the waiting hall © Marcus Bredt

▼通往行李存取处,hallway to the baggage handling area © Marcus Bredt

▼登机桥,the boarding bridge © Marcus Bredt

gmp的设计手法旨在实现结构秩序、空间布局、功能组织与建筑品质的充分统一。于建筑师而言,设计任务在于打造一个年客流量高达2700万的国际航空中央枢纽,一座功能完善且布局规整的现代机场。因此gmp的设计方案从城市规划角度出发,将未来的城市发展与需求变化纳入考虑,在保证机场体系整体统一的前提下,探讨机场规模扩建的可能性。

The overall design aims to create a building with a succinct identity in which the structural elements are a harmonious part of the functional layout: The architects were faced with the task of creating a central international air traffic hub for up to 27 million passengers per annum in the form of a functional and organizational unit for all aspects of a modern airport. A prerequisite for the design was therefore an urban design concept that ensures that the airport is perceived as a coherent system, taking into account future developments and changes, including an increase in capacity of passengers.

▼行李存取处,Baggage hall © Marcus Bredt

▼自动化的行李运输系统,automated baggage transportation system © Marcus Bredt

▼夜景,night view © Marcus Bredt

▼总平面图,master plan © gmp

▼一层平面图,1F plan © gmp

▼二层平面图,2F plan © gmp

▼三层平面图,3F plan © gmp

▼剖面图,sections © gmp

▼节点大样,details © gmp

Competition:1998 (1st Prize), commission placement cancelled in 2003, the commission process was then re-opened for worldwide open negotiation, commission placed in 2005
Design:Meinhard von Gerkan and Hubert Nienhoff with Hans Joachim Paap
Client:Flughafen Berlin-Schönefeld GmbH
GFA:600,000 m²
Construction period:2008-2020
Number of passengers/year:33 million
Photographers:Marcus Bredt,gmp Architekten, JSK International / Visualisierung: Björn Rolle,Heiner Leiska

Projektart: Wettbewerb 1998 (1. Platz), Aufhebung des Vergabeverfahrens 2003, Neuauslobung als weltweit offenes Verhandlungsverfahren (VOF), Beauftragung 2005
Projektbeschreibung: Der neue Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg besteht aus dem Fluggastterminal und der Airport City im Zentrum des parallelen Start- und Landebahnsystems.
Entwurf: Meinhard von Gerkan und Hubert Nienhoff mit Hajo Paap
Gesamtprojektleitung: Hajo Paap
Projektleitung Terminal Halle: Martin Glass
Projektleitung Ausbau: Petra Charlotte Kauschus
Projektleitung Betriebsspezifische Gebäude: Rüdiger von Helmolt
Vertragsmanagement: Jochen Köhn
Baumanagement: Knut Nell
Bauherr: Flughafen Berlin-Schönefeld GmbH vertreten durch Prof. Dr. Rainer Schwarz und Dr. Manfred A. Körtgen
Planungsgemeinschaft Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg Willy Brandt; gmp Generalplanungsgesellschaft mbh (Federführung Objektplanung); JSK International Architekten und Ingenieure mbH (Federführung Generalplanung)
Projektsteuerung: WSP-CBP Beratende Ingenieure GmbH
Tragwerksplanung: schlaich bergermann und partner
Schüssler-Plan Ingenieurgesellschaft mbH
Lichtplanung: Conceptlicht
Visuelle Kommunikation: Moniteurs
Freiraumplanung: WES Berlin
BGF-Daten Terminal: 326.000 m²
BGF-Daten Bahnhof: 25.000 m²
BGF-Daten Betriebsspezische Gebäude: 35.000m²
BGF-Daten Terminalnahes Parkhaus / Mietwagencenter: 130.000 m²
Bauzeit: 2008–2013

官网
https://www.gmp.de/en/aktuelles/41/press/8766/ready-for-take-off-air-traffic-starting-at-ber

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