We tried to imagine, all of us together, a dwelling in which we would like to live. Bright and open to meet with friends some of us said, intimate and in semidarkness, the laziest ones replied. A dwelling with a multiple personality.
46 social housing units in Madrid
Daniel Bergman / Miguel Herraiz / Mauro Bravo / Marina del Mármol / Michael Becker
A NEIGHBOURS STORY
We tried to imagine, all of us together, a dwelling in which we would like to live. Bright and open to meet with friends some of us said, intimate and in semidarkness, the laziest ones replied. A dwelling with a multiple personality. One that would be able to react to the changing seasons. One that would open itself to two different environments; on one side, a street belonging to a new urban development, but close to the urban life of Vallecas Village, and on the other side, a bounded and safe courtyard.
As a result, we designed a cross-ventilated dwelling divided in two very different areas; one a static collection of spaces, devoted to private and intimate functions, and another dynamic one, devoted to social life. This last space, where family and close social life takes place, is able to transform itself into an open terrace by opening two big sliding windows that leave no mullion in the corner. This architectural solution allows the inhabitants of the always too small social dwellings, to enjoy at the same time a large terrace in summer and a spacious living-room in winter.
Another big bet of the project was to enhance communal life taking great care of the common spaces and interconnecting them visually in order to multiply encounters between dwellers. The usually closed-in stairs and dark entries from the elevators to the dwellings, have been opened and are day-lit. The stairs cantilever into the courtyard facing South and provide a nice spot to chat with a neighbour or to wave hello as they walk into their own private area. The courtyard is the center of communal life of the building. It offers a safe playground for children and a long bending bench strategically placed facing the busiest area on the ground floor. We want people to meet and develop informal social relations which are not taking place so easily in car friendly buildings and neighbourhoods.
From the urban point of view, the block is broken into several slices which have been split in order to multiply the free corners. This strategy multiplies the facades and blurs the massive image which the urban plan had envisioned for this plot. In this way, the volumetric composition of the building is adapted to the small and broken image of the old “Villa de Vallecas” located on the opposite side of the street, while its height and width match the neighboring constructions in the new urban development.
Commission throught an open ideas competition organized by EMVS( municipal
housing developer in Madrid). April 2006 first prize.
C/ Martín Muñoz de las Posadas, 1 y 3, Ensanche de Vallecas, Madrid (España).
Longitude: 3º37´ 32.54 Latitude: 40º 22´33.23
EMVS (Empresa Municipal de la Vivienda de Madrid)
20 m2 retail and commercial espace
47 underground parking places
Miguel Herráiz Gómez
Mauro Iván Bravo Hernández
Marina del Mármol Peces
Daniel Bergman Vázquez
Alfonso Sáenz García
Building envelope DRAGADOS
ANOTHER TECHNICIANS INVOLVED
Building facilities: SP arquitectura e ingeniería.
Structures engineering: Mecanismo diseño y cálculo de estructuras S.L.
Telecommunication engineering: Ramón Francia Castillo, Ingeniero de Telecomunicaciones.
PROJECT TIME FRAME
2006 – First prize open competition.
2006 – Start design.
2007 – Start construction.
2012 – Project completion.
PLANNING CONSTRAINTS: PHYSICAL SPATIAL
Traditional urban block with communal space in the courtyard.
Concrete basement. From foundations up to ground floor: concrete slab on column grid at 5m.
Steel framework. First to fifth floor. Composite slab on Steel pillars and beams.
Facades – Baumit EPS Heat Insulating System. External wall insulation system. Facade plates
made from hard polystyrene foam act as heat insulating layer applied over a brick wall.
Weather- resistant, vapour permeable finishing coal is added
Glazed surface areas – Technal GTI sliding balcony doors(aluminium profiles) in living rooms.
4.080.144, 88 €
UNTERCIO is an architectural team studio that was founded in 2006 in Madrid. It is formed by:
Mauro Bravo (1973), Marina del Mármol (1979), Miguel Herráiz (1978), Daniel Bergman (1978).
All of them are members of the professional association of architects C.O.A.M.