Suzhou Dushu Lake Hospital is located in Suzhou’s Industrial Park, covers a total area of 156,000 square meters, with a total planned construction area of 521,000 square meters, and a total capacity of 3,000 beds. It is composed of a general hospital layout with an 800-bed building area for 131,000 square meters in the first phase and various specialist centers that will be expanded in the future. This is another practice of Mr. Vincent Zhang, the chief designer of LEMANARC, on the design idea of “Healing Garden” and ” Gardenized Architecture”. The master plan makes sure that each phase is surrounded by a contemporary courtyard. Giving each phase of the medical spaces an exclusive and interesting therapeutic green area. The design of medical functions is in tandem with planning, architecture, landscape and interior design. Moreover, establishing the organic whole of a well-designed hospital from an early stage.
▼项目概览，general view © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
The circular cascade of podiums brings the gardens into the building’s interior and roof. The forty-five degree angle layout inspires rich boundary spaces around the site. The double herringbone design of the twin wards brings greater operational efficiency to the hospital and the white walls and grey window cornices hint at Suzhou’s heritage. While avoiding over-decorative design, this efficient, modular and growable modern garden hospital also pays homage to Suzhou, a garden destination in the south of the Yangtze River.
In an age of speed and noise, this station of life in Suzhou will be quiet enough to listen to the heartbeat of everyone here.
▼医院外观，exterior view © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
Development Strategy: Tomorrow’s Medical Garden
Phase I of the hospital is planned for the southwest corner of the site, with an extension of the Phase II inpatient building to the north which connects both phases. Taking full advantage of the main urban roads to the west and south of the project site, as well as the planned metro station in the southwest corner. The south-eastern side is reserved for a separate hospital in the long term and can be connected to Phase I. The north-west side is reserved for research and teaching, and an international exchange center. The northeast corner is reserved for staff housing and day care services. The entire campus is enclosed by a large internal garden, with the linear accelerator building in Phase 2 located on the ground floor, which is independent and can be shared between the hospitals for efficient use, while maintaining sufficient security and control distances from the surrounding area.
▼场地平面图，site plan © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
The courtyards provide a more appropriate space for users to relax, wait and communicate, and bring more nature into the internal spaces of the buildings. The phases are linked by means of sky-linked corridors to minimize interference with each other in later phases of construction. The rooftop gardens are all connected, making them the exclusive garden space for medical staff.
▼鸟瞰，aerial view © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
Open posture: 45 degree angle
▼从EGO 到ECO，From EGO to ECO © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
The building group is rotated at an angle of 45 degrees from the site boundary, and the boundary is in the form of a folding line, avoiding the monotony of an excessively long façade and the isolation from the natural environment, forming a blend of interaction with the outdoor landscape, and the wings unfolding at the entrance welcome people.
▼建筑边界呈折线形态，the boundary is in the form of a folding line © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
The design brings the water body of the original river inside the site and partially expands it, which not only enriches the layers of the natural landscape but also creates a waterfront atmosphere for rehabilitation and recreation.
▼临河视角，view from the river side © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
The herringbone shape of the inpatient department and the diamond-shaped layout of the podium form the most sunlight-friendly orientation. The folded corners with the site boundaries weave the entire area in a gentle Soviet-style garden. While maximizing the efficiency of medical care, the hospital is framed by a cascading courtyard. A large park centered in the northern part of the site provides ample underground space for the future heavy equipment for radiotherapy. At the same time, the functions of each phase of the hospital are arranged in an orderly manner, so that the entire hospital will be easily and seamlessly linked in the future.
▼住院部的人字形布局，the herringbone shape of the inpatient department © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
Suzhou Gardens and Healing Gardens
园化建筑源于对园林的理解：园林（Garden）, 园化（Gardenization）, 指将外在世界内在化。
Gardenized architecture stems from the understanding of gardening. Garden, Gardenization, refers to the internalization of the external world.
Suzhou gardens are not only enclosures, but also continuous spatial chains produced by juxtaposition and superposition in horizontal and vertical directions. This spatial chain projects subconscious spatial properties, bringing about barrier and order, recognition and return, nature and artificiality, ritual and security.
▼中庭（效果图），atrium (render) © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
▼三个层级：大花园，中庭院和屋顶花园，diagram: big garden, courtyard and roof garden © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
Healing Garden refers far from the greenery planting in front of and behind the building, but to a special healing life scenario realized through the act of building that brings together the elements of minerals, plants and space. These scenes when led in a continuous chain of spaces for our use.
In this era of territorial sharing, everyone takes this opportunity to read the déjà vu of their own inner territories.
Learning from the Suzhou gardens, the hospital was “gardenized” and given a garden everywhere. In this project, gardens permeate every detail of the building, and the designer deconstructs the traditional gardens and weaves them into the skin texture of the building, making the façade a vehicle for the gardens. The plants embedded in the façade and the three levels of gardens throughout the campus (central garden, atrium garden, and roof garden) are connected into a huge garden system, and the whole three-dimensional system is three-dimensional and full, making the gardens within reach.
▼立体的花园系统，the three-dimensional garden system © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
Standardization to create elegance in Jiangnan water town
The plain Jiangnan water town seems to have a super power of slowing down and quieting down time and space. This is exactly the feeling we want to get in this healing scene. The combination of white blocks and gray lines aims to move away from modernity and fashion and return to the quietness and elegance of the place, in order to obtain a longer life.
This vast complex was built entirely in standard modular design. This allows the hospital to be a living organism that can grow and reproduce continuously. The internal functions can also be easily replaced according to operational needs.
▼白色块面与灰色线条的组合旨在回归属于此地的安静与淡雅 © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
The combination of white blocks and gray lines aims to return to the quietness and elegance of the place
Dancing Lines: Chinese painting is an art based on lines. Through the length, thickness, sparseness, intensity, solidity and transitions of the lines, it not only shapes the form, but also expresses emotions, thoughts and ideas, forming the rhythm and rhythm of the whole painting. Suzhou garden architecture is the full expression of the art of Chinese painting. “The white and gray colors of the buildings are reflected in the natural scenery. The doors and windows are outlined with lines, elegant and unpretentious. We pursue the impression of Suzhou’s ancient houses, which are small and light in size, low and high in density, staggered, light and simple, elegant in color, and close to the river and the water.
▼立面局部，facade detailed view © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
The tenderness of Jiangnan: The overall building group is dominated by white, and the long horizontal windows with gray sunshades and outer sill plates above and below are separated by a specific pattern, reflecting a lively sense of rhythm. The turning and receding sills of the building itself form a unique style that emphasizes its simplicity and elegance while avoiding complicated and unnecessary decorations.
In order to inherit the essence of Suzhou gardens, the building monolith avoids excessive decoration on the façade and pursues the temperament of medical culture. We have applied the same translation of the white and gray lines of Suzhou traditional architecture on the façade to the interior design of the hospital, with elements such as door frames, baseboards and corner guards forming continuous gray lines of varying thickness along the white walls, either horizontally or vertically.
▼立面构造细部，facade construction schema © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
Annulus and efficiency
▼采光和通风分析，diagram, lighting and ventilation © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
Compared to a straight line, a loop makes it possible to start from any starting point and return to the starting point without repetition. This feature allows patients to significantly reduce the number of paths they must take. The annulus design saves 1/2 of the route and time compared to a linear route. The ability to connect in both directions due to the geometry of the loop also allows for a closer connection between departments.
The circular shape of the atrium brings much more light and ventilation to the building. The wind-pulling effect of the inner atrium is particularly beneficial for energy saving in the hot and humid southern China.
▼环形设计让患者大大减少了必须的路径，the loop allows patients to significantly reduce the number of paths they must take © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
diagram, Functional connection and Combined Nursing Unit © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
Functional connection: The inpatient department is located in the upper part of the medical-technical podium of the outpatient and emergency department, and the direct up and down medical stairs link the nursing unit with the medical-technical section and the emergency department, and the inpatient beds have direct access to the nuclear medicine area, imaging center, surgery area and other medical-technical areas with high efficiency.
Combined Nursing Unit: With the setting of double nursing units, the wards can be relatively independent and can also share manpower and equipment resources to meet the requirements of setting wards according to patient types. The medical elevator is arranged centrally to improve the space utilization rate. The adjacent location is partially expanded as large equipment suspension, intensive care unit (HDU) or shared treatment area.
▼住院部走廊，corridor of the inpatient department © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
diagram, Internal Network, Doctor’s Pool and Modular design © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
Internal Network: The patient access around the courtyard is separated from the peripheral doctor access, which facilitates the diversion of doctors and patients and makes the public space comfortable and open with a good view. The patient and doctor accesses on each floor are vertically connected by their own special elevators, forming the internal neural network of the whole hospital.
Doctor’s Pool: Relatively separate horizontal and vertical pathways for medical and nursing staff make medical flow easier and facilitate consultation and management. These passages are connected to the doctor’s area on the fourth floor, which we call the “doctor’s pool”, like the brain bank of the hospital. The doctor’s pool on the fifth floor includes administrative offices, a library, an archives center, a computer information center, a staff cafeteria, and a staff activity room, all of which provide various services for staff while creating a safe internal space and an exclusive roof garden that brings the entire hospital staff closer together.
Modular design: The interconnected circular corridors of the podium section surround the courtyard, improving orientation. The modular design allows for easy space replacement, greater flexibility, and a more rational division of fire protection zones.
▼医院内部，interior view © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
In this future-oriented, garden-like hospital, we hope that patients will be treated and rehabilitated with more dignity and that doctors will perform their sacred duty of saving lives and helping the injured with more dignity.
▼庭院，courtyard © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
▼场地平面图，site plan © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
▼一层平面图，plan 1F © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
▼立面图1，elevation 1 © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
▼立面图2，elevation 2 © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
▼剖面图，section © LEMANARC瑞士瑞盟设计
项目设计 & 完成年份：2015-2016&2020
主创建筑师 ：张万桑 Vincent Zhengmao Zhang
总体规划：张万桑 Vincent Zhengmao Zhang ,王晔
医疗功能规划、医疗流程设计：张万桑 Vincent Zhengmao Zhang Daniel Pauli
建筑方案设计：张万桑 Vincent Zhengmao Zhang ,王晔
室内方案设计：张万桑 Vincent Zhengmao Zhang,Florian Thomas
立面表皮系统深化设计：张万桑 Vincent Zhengmao Zhang ,王晔
床位数 ： 800床（一期）
建筑专业：曹锋 王晓强 徐梁
结构专业：谈丽华 江淼 孟海燕 陈勇
电气专业：王志翔 王祥 李炜 陈鑫鑫
暖通专业：张勇 丁炯 周敏 张伟康
给排水专业：李铮 陈寒冰 谈政 刘亚原
Project location ： No. 9 Chongwen Road, Suzhou Industrial Park, Jiangsu Province, China
Construction Surface: 131,000m2（Phase 1)
No. of beds ： 800（Phase 1)
Investment : RMB 2.1 billion
Construction cost ：RMB7,740/m²
Project status : put into use
Completion time ：2020
Work content: Master planning, medical function planning, medical process design, architectural design, interior design, façade skin system deepening design.
Photographer ：Xia Qiang