学校建筑影响着儿童和年轻一代的成长——他们大部分的时间都在校园中度过，同时作为法国威望工程中的一部分，建造高品质的学校就变得更加重要。安东尼学校和活动中心由Dietmar Feichtinger事务所设计，它包括一所小学和附属的幼儿园。与原来的旧校园相比，新的校园实现了巨大的进步。安东尼属于大巴黎都市圈，乘坐RER C线到达巴黎市中心需要20分钟的时间。学校坐落在Pierre Gilles de Gennes大街的一处转角上，与车站距离很近，同时还与一所初中和一所高中相邻。
School buildings shape the development of children and young people who spend most of the day there. They are also prestige projects for French municipalities. Therefore, its architectural quality is even more significant. The new elementary school with kindergarten by Dietmar Feichtinger Architectes in Antony is the result of a competition won and an enormous improvement compared to the old school it replaces. Antony is part of the Métropole du Grand Paris, the RER C train takes 20 minutes to the center of Paris. The school is close to the station, a secondary school and a high school, on a curve in Rue Pierre Gilles de Gennes.
▼项目概览，General view ©David Boureau
▼场地平面图，site plan ©Dietmar Feichtinger Architectes
In order to fit in with the urban structure, to obtain as much space as possible for the courtyards and optimal sunlight for the classes, the building follows the limits of the site. Natural daylight, open, bright rooms, a large amount of freedom of movement and direct access to the outdoors were essential planning criteria. The incidence of sunlight was simulated over the whole year, the wings are staggered in height: three floors in the northeast, two in the northwest and one on the winding road from southwest to southeast. The sun shines into the school yard and the classrooms, energy consumption remains low.
▼南向视角，South perspective ©David Boureau
▼西南视角，South west view ©David Boureau
▼北立面，Northern facade ©David Boureau
The school consists of four wings that surround a large, trapezoidal courtyard. A courtyard with trees and a large terrace for the classes on the first floor forms the airy, sunny, child- and exercise-friendly center of this school.
▼庭院，courtyard ©David Boureau
Optimized usage of the site
The multi-purpose hall on the ground floor is situated on the curve of the road in the southeast. It is suitable as a space for play, sports and exercise for children, but also for events. It forms the link between the large canteen on the street side and the entrance in the west wing of the school. This entire sequence on the street is combined with a polygonal, partly translucent facade made of glass and expanded metal. This gives the children a presence in the urban space, enables natural light and ventilation and signals openness.
▼位于街道上的整体空间序列则与玻璃和金属构成的半透明立面结合起来 ©David Boureau
The intire sequence on the street is combined with a polygonal, partly translucent facade made of glass and expanded metal
▼一层运动空间，Gymnastics area on the ground floor ©David Boureau
Surrounded by a wide, red-colored pavement, the hall rises towards the curve up to a room height of four meters. It follows the curve of the site and creates a very bright, spacious, multifunctional room. Its slightly rising roof is used as an outdoor court on the first floor. The roof slope leads to flat wooden steps, a barely visible stainless-steel net serves as a ball net and fall protection. Plants along the outer limit provide a green filter towards the surrounding.
▼二层户外场地，Upper recreation area ©David Boureau
In the southwest, the geometry of the roof forms a canopy that protects the entrance. Here the children can wait before and after school. A second multipurpose room is slightly advanced – it emphasizes the entrance and can also be used externally. The public space on the street is followed by the corridor that opens towards all classes. It serves as a buffer, transit zone, lounge and break area. This corridor widens up behind the entrance to the foyer, where a wide staircase leads to the first and second floors. It naturally separates the older children from the little ones who walk straight into their groups.
▼入口顶篷，the canopy over the entrance ©David Boureau
Classes as living spaces
The classrooms of two and a half to six-year old children are situated on the ground floor. With floor-to-ceiling glass facades that can be opened largely with sliding doors, they are all oriented towards the spacious playground, which is designed as a friendly art landscape with gentle hills made of sports surfaces, trees and play areas. The children can go outside directly.
▼幼儿园操场，Kindergarten playground ©David Boureau
The classes on the upper floor follow the same principle: They are oriented towards spacious terraces. The rounded edges form the inner courtyard. Part of the terraces are made of wood. A sheltered space forms a framed view to the neighborhood. There children can play outside even in rainy weather. One can play or talk together in any weather until class begins.
▼二层户外平台，Upper floor terrace ©David Boureau
▼位于建筑中间的带顶空间提供了望向附近街道的视野，a sheltered space forms a framed view to the neighborhood ©David Boureau
▼小学教室，Elementary school classroom ©David Boureau
▼教室向户外平台敞开，The classes are oriented towards spacious terraces ©David Boureau
Air quality plays a major role in children’s well-being and ability to concentrate. A floor-to-ceiling wooden panel interrupts the glass facade between the classes. Behind it is a heater that preheats the air and blows it in through the class-side fins when it is too cold. If the CO2 content in the room air increases, fresh air is supplied. This wooden element gives the glass facade a rhythm and contributes to the warm atmosphere of the courtyard.
▼在教室与教室之间的玻璃幕墙上，间隔分布着木制的屏墙 ©David Boureau
A floor-to-ceiling wooden panel interrupts the glass facade between the classes
All partition walls and load-bearing supports are made of exposed concrete, the walls to the aisle as multifunctional wooden furniture: On the class side, they serve as shelves, boxes and wash basins, and on the aisle side as cloakrooms. In the entrance area there is strip parquet on the floor. The canteen is a deep, open space on the street that is naturally lit by the facade there and an all-round glazed inner patio.
▼二层过道，Upper hallway ©David Boureau
▼教室，classroom ©David Boureau
▼内部庭院，inner courtyard ©David Boureau
The school is robust, open and bright. For Dietmar Feichtinger, architecture is the stage for everyday life. This school is oriented towards outdoor spaces – and it leaves enough space for appropriation and development.
“Schools are very important places in the development of children. Architecture is the background. We want to create areas of life for students and teachers with a robust materiality and lots of natural light which develop with the people who use them.” Dietmar Feichtinger.
▼二层入口楼梯，Access upper floor ©David Boureau
▼运动空间，Gymnastics area ©David Boureau
▼北立面，North facade ©David Boureau
▼一层平面图，plan RDC ©Dietmar Feichtinger Architectes
▼二层平面图，plan RDC+1 ©Dietmar Feichtinger Architectes
▼三层平面图，plan RDC+2 ©Dietmar Feichtinger Architectes
▼立面图，elevations ©Dietmar Feichtinger Architectes
▼剖面图，sections ©Dietmar Feichtinger Architectes
Client: City of Antony
Competition: 05 | 2014
Start of planning: 09 | 2014
Start of construction: 09 | 2016
Completion: 02 | 2020
Architect: DFA Mandatory
Floor area: 3571㎡
Kindergarten 785 ㎡
Elementary School 1019 ㎡