The Medog Meteorological Center (MMC) is located at the lowest point of Medog County, a remote town in Tibet. Next to the Ysrlung Tsangpo River, under the Namcha Barwa, the building is surrounded by dense vegetation and rolling hills. Medog is known as the most remote county in China, along with the fact of it being a sacred place for Tibetan Buddhists, both causes the isolation of the town for centuries from the outside world which leads to its strong cultural originality that integrated with the well-preserved natural environment.
▼鸟瞰图，aerial view ©EID Arch
▼墨脱气象中心围合院落内景，the enclosed courtyard ©EID Arch
▼基地位置的地貌景观，context ©EID Arch
The design team faces many difficulties and challenges. The first one is the building’s remote location. Medog is China’s last County to be reached by highway, since it is in the hard-to-reach southern mountain range of Tibet. Secondly, although it is on the Tibetan plateau, its elevation only goes up to 1,200 m, and the lowest point drop down as low as 115m. As a result, Medog has a tropical rainforest climate, unlike the rest of Tibet, Buildings here must accommodate to the challenge of abundant rain fall throughout the year. Last but not least, the design team also has to take into consideration of construction challenges, such as low construction skill, few heavy machinery, and limited building materials.
▼框景空间提供休憩平台，促进互动与交流，the framed mountain scenery ©EID Arch
“可呼吸”的建筑空间回应居者工作与生活的日常 | A breathing building that responds to residents’ daily life
Consisting of the administrative office and staff dormitory, MMC is conceived as enclosed courtyard. It serves as a hybrid building for the local meteorological bureau according to the occupants’ daily routine. Its centralized structure accommodates different functional needs while also ensures privacy.
▼从办公区回廊望向住宿区，dormitory building seen from the corridor of the office area ©EID Arch
▼从室内眺望对面山谷，mountain landscape seen from interior ©EID Arch
▼总体布局思路，design concept ©EID Arch
▼轴测图，axon ©EID Arch
The undulating roof responds to the climate, and reflects the surrounding mountains. Elevated ground level is inherited from the vernacular architecture. Windows are carefully placed, creating a rhythmic façade. As the building is designed to be an integration of living and working space, the transparency maximizes the views to the landscape according to the occupants’ movement during the day. Therefore, all these factors has been taken into consideration and our team applied remote intervention during the design process by using instant communication tools to monitor both electronically and graphically.
▼屋顶通过有序的曲折变化使建筑形态与对面的峡谷山体走势相呼应，the undulating roof responds to the climate, and reflects the surrounding mountains ©EID Arch
质朴原初的远程介入实践 | Reinterpretation of the Vernacular
Through the early field survey, the architects tried to understand the local traditional building materials and characteristics. Local traditional buildings are heavily affected by the climate. Most of them have an elevated ground floor, using masonry as structural support. The upper level using wood as main structural elements. Sloped roof has its surface covered by wood in order to adapt to the rainy weather. Some public buildings are coated with clay and the finish surface has a hand pressing pattern to speed up the wall drainage.
▼融合在地建筑特质的主立面，main facade ©EID Arch
▼中央庭院内景，courtyard view ©EID Arch
The design and materiality pay tribute to local ethnic culture, blending traditional Moinba and Lhoba architecture with modern architectural elements, creating a contemporary building sensitive to local culture and tectonic tradition. Our remote intervention began with the material selection of local pinewood and prefabricated in situ to preserve the appearance of the wood to be as natural as possible.
▼结构上选用了松木、黏土砖和石材，以最简单经济的方式被建造出来，the remote intervention began with the material selection of local pinewood and prefabricated in situ to preserve the appearance of the wood to be as natural as possible ©EID Arch
该项目于2018年初竣工，目前已投入使用。这座建筑有效汲取当地的文化特质，具有独特的辨识度，荣获2018年亚太房产大奖中国区最佳公共服务建筑及2017意大利The Plan Award未来办公商务类建筑最终提名奖。
Eventually, the building has absorbed the local architectural achievements, making them its own identity, with great environmental benefits. The project has been completed and put into use by the beginning of 2018. Medog Meteorological Center won Asia Pacific Property Awards 2018, Public Service Architecture (China) and The Plan Award 2017, the Finalist of the Future Office & Business Architecture Design category.
▼楼梯间，stair well ©EID Arch
▼素朴粗糙的施工现场，construction phase ©EID Arch
▼总平面图，site plan ©EID Arch
▼一层平面图，plan level 1 ©EID Arch
▼二层平面图，plan level 2 ©EID Arch
▼三层平面图，plan level 3 ©EID Arch
▼北立面图，north elevation ©EID Arch
▼剖面图A-A，section A-A ©EID Arch
Location: Medog County, Tibet, China
Client: Medog Meteorological Bureau
Completion Date: 2017
Built Area: 1,854 sqm
Type: Office, accommodation
Architect: EID Architecture
Design Principal: Ping Jiang, AIA
Design Team: Sean Lu, Tina Fang, Yun Gong
Architect of Record/M&E Consultant/Structural Engineer:
Tibet Helin Architectural Design Co., Ltd.