In 2013, the Albanian Ministry of Culture envisioned a plan to improve the national cultural infrastructure, paying special attention to the renovation of existing historical buildings, reusing them with a new cultural program. One of the first projects included in this program is the Marubi National Photomuseum, which is specially important due to its pioneer character. The plan to create the museum has enjoyed an enormous national repercussion because of the historical importance of exhibiting the photographic legacy created during more than one century by three generations of photographers from the Marubi family. But also, because preserving and disseminating Marubi’s work in a historical city as Shkodër acquires a strong symbolic significance that will help to promote the Albanian national identity, specially among new generations.
一场传统与现代之间的对话 Dialogue between Tradition and Modernity
Casanova+Hernandez architects对Marubi博物馆的设计意在传统和现代之间创造一场丰富的对话。通过修复由出生于Shkodër市、阿尔及利亚著名的画家、雕塑家、摄影师及建筑师的Kolë Idromeno设计的历史建筑，项目中传统的痕迹得以体现在对空间和结构特性的保留，以及没有任何体量的改变或室内隔断的增加上。概念上，Idromeno的建筑本身也成为展览重要的一件“物品”来供人参观和深思。
The selected design for the Marubi Museum developed by Casanova+Hernandez architects aims to promote a rich dialogue between tradition and modernity, between the past and the present. The legacy of the tradition is underlined by restoring the historical building designed by the famous Albanian painter, sculptor, photographer and architect born in Shkodër, Kolë Idromeno, while preserving its spatial and structural qualities without any volume transformation or new interior partitions. Conceptually, Idromeno’s building becomes an important “object” of the exhibition to be shown, contemplated and visited.
A modern image associated to the new museographic program is achieved by installing five “functional boxes”, which are prefabricated and detached from the original building, working as pieces of furniture or sculptural elements. Tradition and modernity establish a dialogue in every corner of the building. At the exterior of the museum, a showcase element works as a landmark that indicates the museum entrance; in the interior of the building, the original windows and spatial qualities of the building dialogue with the exhibition boxes; and in the courtyard, the old building coexists with a new modern and sculptural back facade.
▽ 在博物馆外部的展示柜作为标志性元素指引着博物馆的入口，at the exterior of the museum, a showcase element works as a landmark that indicates the museum entrance
▽ 在中庭，旧建筑与充满现代雕塑感的新立面共存，in the courtyard, the old building coexists with a new modern and sculptural back facade
开放而充满生气的文化性地标 Open, Accessible and Alive Cultural Landmark
On the one hand, the museum program expands into the public space and one of the “functional boxes” becomes a showcase installed in front of the museum, serving as a landmark that invites citizens to visit it. On the other hand, public space enters the museum and the project erases the border between street and institution with a transparent and accessible ground floor that hosts a free-entrance multifunctional space for lectures, workshops and temporary exhibitions. As a result, the project intends to create an open and alive museum capable of becoming a cultural landmark linked to the street life of Shkodër.
▽ 自由进出的多功能空间可以用于讲座，工作坊和临时展览，a free-entrance multifunctional space for lectures, workshops and temporary exhibitions
▽ 抽象图案同时应用在书架与立面上，abstract patterns are applied both in bookcase and new facade
▽ 办公室，the office
▽ 中庭，the courtyard
结合信息和教育，多感官体验的交互展览 Combined Information and Education, Interactive Exhibition with a Multisensory Experience
按主题分类的展览通过激发参观者与空间及三个主题房间进行互动的多感官体验给按时间顺序的展览起到补充作用。这些主题房间非常理想地重建了三个历史场景，以展现传统摄影过程的三个阶段，这三个场景是：Pjëter Marubi “Driteshkronja”的摄影工作室，Kel Marubi的暗房，Gegë Marubi的档案室。
The exterior side of the functional boxes located on the first floor of the museum presents a chronological exhibition, which is intertwined with the thematic exhibition exhibited inside them. The chronological exhibition shows the life and achievements of the Marubi’s dynasty with texts, historical pictures, videos and objects organized around the biography of the three members of the Marubi’s dynasty. This information is put into context together with the history and culture of Albania and the city of Shkodër, thus acquiring an important didactic dimension.
The thematic exhibition complements the chronological exhibition by stimulating a multisensory experience that makes the visitor interact with the space and with the devices of the three thematic rooms. These rooms show three phases of the traditional photographic process presented inside the ideal reconstruction of the historical spaces where this process took place: the photo-studio of Pjëter Marubi “Driteshkronja”, the darkroom of Kel Marubi and the Gegë Marubi’s archive.
▽ 按时间顺序的展览展现了Marubi家族三位成员的生活及成就，the chronological exhibition shows the life and achievements of three members of the Marubi’s dynasty
▽ “盒子”内部按主题分类的展览重建了展现传统摄影过程三个阶段，the thematic exhibition exhibited inside these functional boxes presented reconstruction that shows three phases of the traditional photographic process
▽ 三个“功能性盒子”位于博物馆第二层， three functional boxes located on the first floor of the museum
▽ “盒子”内部，the interior of three functional boxes
The modern image of the museum is based on an abstract pattern, which is inspired by the geometry of the aperture of the photographic camera that opens and closes to control the light. This abstract pattern is used to design the structural layout of the five exhibition boxes installed in the building, while at the same time integrates a complete and versatile exhibition system that includes frames to exhibit photos and documents, showcases for objects and video screens for slide-shows and short movies.
The abstract pattern, which is always mixed with the photos and objects of the collection, becomes the symbol of the museum. It can be recognized at different scales and in several parts of the building such as in the logo of the museum, in the design of the street showcase, in the layout of the functional boxes inside the building, and even in the structure of the new artistic back facade that frames the views over the surroundings and filters the light within the building. Marubi National Museum of Photography acquires its own specific identity by linking all spatial, structural, functional, graphic and visual aspects, helping visitors to identify building and collection with a complete, rich and unique experience.
▽ 这组抽象图案可以从建筑的不同部分的不同尺度被识别出来，the abstract pattern can be recognized at different scales and in several parts of the building
▽ 场地平面，site plan
▽ 一层平面，ground floor plan
▽ 二层平面，first floor plan
▽ 主题空间设计，thematic room design
▽ 多功能空间设计，multifunctional space design
Client: Albanian Ministry of Culture, Albanian Development Fund and Albanian-American Development Foundation
Programme: Restoration of protected monument; extension of existing building; Albanian National Museum o Photography and National Photography archive; museographic project and landscape design
Advice photo curator: Kim Knoppers
Historian: Zef Paci
Local Architect: Atelier 4
Structural Engineer: Diana Lluka
Mechanical Engineer: Spiro Drita
Electrical Engineer: Dëshire Mena
Photography: Christian Richters, Blerta Kambo, Casanova+Hernandez
Restricted competition:First prize
Current state: Completed