Marubi National Museum of Photography / Casanova+Hernandez Architects

Dialogue between Tradition and Modernity

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2013年,阿尔巴尼亚文化部计划通过对现存历史建筑进行改建、作为新的文化项目重新使用来提高国家文化基础设施。Marubi国家摄影博物馆作为第一批项目之一,因为其先锋性的特点而备受关注。因为展出Marubi家族三代摄影师在超过一个世纪内创作的宝贵的文化遗产具有相当的历史重要性,博物馆的计划受到了来自全国的热烈反响。在Shkodër这样一个历史悠久的城市收藏并展出Marubi家族的作品也具有强烈的象征意义,特别有助于在年轻一代之中增强国民认同感。

In 2013, the Albanian Ministry of Culture envisioned a plan to improve the national cultural infrastructure, paying special attention to the renovation of existing historical buildings, reusing them with a new cultural program. One of the first projects included in this program is the Marubi National Photomuseum, which is specially important due to its pioneer character. The plan to create the museum has enjoyed an enormous national repercussion because of the historical importance of exhibiting the photographic legacy created during more than one century by three generations of photographers from the Marubi family. But also, because preserving and disseminating Marubi’s work in a historical city as Shkodër acquires a strong symbolic significance that will help to promote the Albanian national identity, specially among new generations.

001-Marubi National Museum of Photography by Casanova+Hernandez Architects

一场传统与现代之间的对话   Dialogue between Tradition and Modernity

Casanova+Hernandez architects对Marubi博物馆的设计意在传统和现代之间创造一场丰富的对话。通过修复由出生于Shkodër市、阿尔及利亚著名的画家、雕塑家、摄影师及建筑师的Kolë Idromeno设计的历史建筑,项目中传统的痕迹得以体现在对空间和结构特性的保留,以及没有任何体量的改变或室内隔断的增加上。概念上,Idromeno的建筑本身也成为展览重要的一件“物品”来供人参观和深思。

建筑安装有五个预制的、与原有建筑分离的“功能性盒子”,这个崭新的博物馆项目通过这些如同散落的家具或雕塑构件展现出设计中富有现代感的一面。传统和现代之间的对话发生在这栋建筑的每个角落。在博物馆外部,一个展示柜作为标志性元素指引着博物馆的入口;在室内,建筑原有的窗户和空间特性与用于展览的极富现代感的“盒子”形成突出的对比;在中庭,旧建筑与充满现代雕塑感的新立面共存。

The selected design for the Marubi Museum developed by Casanova+Hernandez architects aims to promote a rich dialogue between tradition and modernity, between the past and the present. The legacy of the tradition is underlined by restoring the historical building designed by the famous Albanian painter, sculptor, photographer and architect born in Shkodër, Kolë Idromeno, while preserving its spatial and structural qualities without any volume transformation or new interior partitions. Conceptually, Idromeno’s building becomes an important “object” of the exhibition to be shown, contemplated and visited.

A modern image associated to the new museographic program is achieved by installing five “functional boxes”, which are prefabricated and detached from the original building, working as pieces of furniture or sculptural elements. Tradition and modernity establish a dialogue in every corner of the building. At the exterior of the museum, a showcase element works as a landmark that indicates the museum entrance; in the interior of the building, the original windows and spatial qualities of the building dialogue with the exhibition boxes; and in the courtyard, the old building coexists with a new modern and sculptural back facade.

▽ 在博物馆外部的展示柜作为标志性元素指引着博物馆的入口,at the exterior of the museum, a showcase element works as a landmark that indicates the museum entrance

002-Marubi National Museum of Photography by Casanova+Hernandez Architects

▽ 入口,entrance

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005-Marubi National Museum of Photography by Casanova+Hernandez Architects     007-Marubi National Museum of Photography by Casanova+Hernandez Architects

▽ 在中庭,旧建筑与充满现代雕塑感的新立面共存,in the courtyard, the old building coexists with a new modern and sculptural back facade

009-Marubi National Museum of Photography by Casanova+Hernandez Architects

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开放而充满生气的文化性地标   Open, Accessible and Alive Cultural Landmark

一方面,博物馆项目延伸到公共区域,一个“功能性盒子”作为展示柜被安装在博物馆前面成为邀请公众进入参观的标志。另一方面,公共区域也延伸到博物馆内,自由进出的多功能空间可以用于讲座,工作坊和临时展览,设计通过包含这个区域在内的、可以随意进入的第一层消除了街道与建筑之间的界限。项目试图营造出一个开放而充满生气的博物馆形象,成为一个与Shkodër市街道生活紧密连接的文化性地标。

On the one hand, the museum program expands into the public space and one of the “functional boxes” becomes a showcase installed in front of the museum, serving as a landmark that invites citizens to visit it. On the other hand, public space enters the museum and the project erases the border between street and institution with a transparent and accessible ground floor that hosts a free-entrance multifunctional space for lectures, workshops and temporary exhibitions. As a result, the project intends to create an open and alive museum capable of becoming a cultural landmark linked to the street life of Shkodër.

▽ 自由进出的多功能空间可以用于讲座,工作坊和临时展览,a free-entrance multifunctional space for lectures, workshops and temporary exhibitions

012-Marubi National Museum of Photography by Casanova+Hernandez Architects

010-Marubi National Museum of Photography by Casanova+Hernandez Architects

▽ 抽象图案同时应用在书架与立面上,abstract patterns are applied both in bookcase and new facade

011-Marubi National Museum of Photography by Casanova+Hernandez Architects     028-Marubi National Museum of Photography by Casanova+Hernandez Architects

▽ 办公室,the office

020-Marubi National Museum of Photography by Casanova+Hernandez Architects

019-Marubi National Museum of Photography by Casanova+Hernandez Architects     021-Marubi National Museum of Photography by Casanova+Hernandez Architects

▽ 中庭,the courtyard

017-Marubi National Museum of Photography by Casanova+Hernandez Architects

014-Marubi National Museum of Photography by Casanova+Hernandez Architects     016-Marubi National Museum of Photography by Casanova+Hernandez Architects

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结合信息和教育,多感官体验的交互展览   Combined Information and Education, Interactive Exhibition with a Multisensory Experience

位于博物馆第二层的“功能性盒子”外侧是一个按时间顺序的展览,与“盒子”内部按主题分类的展览交织在一起。这个按时间顺序的展览展现了Marubi家族的生活及成就,围绕Marubi家族三位成员的生平展出了相关文本,历史照片,视频及物品。在阿尔及尼亚以及Shkodër市的文化历史的背景下,这些信息也具备了重要的教育意义。

按主题分类的展览通过激发参观者与空间及三个主题房间进行互动的多感官体验给按时间顺序的展览起到补充作用。这些主题房间非常理想地重建了三个历史场景,以展现传统摄影过程的三个阶段,这三个场景是:Pjëter Marubi “Driteshkronja”的摄影工作室,Kel Marubi的暗房,Gegë Marubi的档案室。

The exterior side of the functional boxes located on the first floor of the museum presents a chronological exhibition, which is intertwined with the thematic exhibition exhibited inside them. The chronological exhibition shows the life and achievements of the Marubi’s dynasty with texts, historical pictures, videos and objects organized around the biography of the three members of the Marubi’s dynasty. This information is put into context together with the history and culture of Albania and the city of Shkodër, thus acquiring an important didactic dimension. 

The thematic exhibition complements the chronological exhibition by stimulating a multisensory experience that makes the visitor interact with the space and with the devices of the three thematic rooms. These rooms show three phases of the traditional photographic process presented inside the ideal reconstruction of the historical spaces where this process took place: the photo-studio of Pjëter Marubi “Driteshkronja”, the darkroom of Kel Marubi and the Gegë Marubi’s archive.

▽ 按时间顺序的展览展现了Marubi家族三位成员的生活及成就,the chronological exhibition shows the life and achievements of three members of the Marubi’s dynasty

CHA_Marubi_concept_museogr 3

▽ “盒子”内部按主题分类的展览重建了展现传统摄影过程三个阶段,the thematic exhibition exhibited inside these functional boxes presented reconstruction that shows three phases of the traditional photographic process

CHA_Marubi_concept_museogr 2

▽ 三个“功能性盒子”位于博物馆第二层, three functional boxes located on the first floor of the museum

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▽ “盒子”内部,the interior of three functional boxes

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Museum Identity
博物馆形象

灵感来源于照相机光圈的几何的一组抽象图案营造了博物馆富有现代感的形象。抽象图案不仅被用于建筑内五个展览”盒子“结构布局的设计,同时也结合整个展览系统,应用在展示照片和文件的展架,物品的展台,以及幻灯片和小短片的屏幕的设计上。

这组抽象图案与馆藏的照片和物品一同成为博物馆的象征,可以从建筑的不同部分的不同尺度被识别出来,比如博物馆的标志,街道上展示柜的设计,“功能性盒子”在建筑内的布局,甚至是起到过滤室外光线和框景作用的、富有艺术性的新立面结构。Marubi国家摄影博物馆通过连接所有空间、结构、功能、图形、视觉等方面建立起自己独特的形象,不仅有助于参观者轻松地识别出这栋建筑,而且给他们提供了一个完整、丰富而特别的经历。

The modern image of the museum is based on an abstract pattern, which is inspired by the geometry of the aperture of the photographic camera that opens and closes to control the light. This abstract pattern is used to design the structural layout of the five exhibition boxes installed in the building, while at the same time integrates a complete and versatile exhibition system that includes frames to exhibit photos and documents, showcases for objects and video screens for slide-shows and short movies.

The abstract pattern, which is always mixed with the photos and objects of the collection, becomes the symbol of the museum. It can be recognized at different scales and in several parts of the building such as in the logo of the museum, in the design of the street showcase, in the layout of the functional boxes inside the building, and even in the structure of the new artistic back facade that frames the views over the surroundings and filters the light within the building. Marubi National Museum of Photography acquires its own specific identity by linking all spatial, structural, functional, graphic and visual aspects, helping visitors to identify building and collection with a complete, rich and unique experience.

▽ 这组抽象图案可以从建筑的不同部分的不同尺度被识别出来,the abstract pattern can be recognized at different scales and in several parts of the building

CHA_Marubi_concept 1

CHA_Marubi_concept 3

▽ 场地平面,site plan

CHA_Marubi_site plan

▽ 一层平面,ground floor plan

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CHA_Marubi_first floor

▽ 二层平面,first floor plan

CHA_Marubi_ground floor

▽ 剖面,section

CHA_Marubi_section

▽ 主题空间设计,thematic room design

CHA_Marubi_room A

CHA_Marubi_room B     CHA_Marubi_room C

▽ 多功能空间设计,multifunctional space design

CHA_Marubi_video library

Client: Albanian Ministry of Culture, Albanian Development Fund and Albanian-American Development Foundation
Programme: Restoration of protected monument; extension of existing building; Albanian National Museum o Photography and National Photography archive; museographic project and landscape design
Advice photo curator: Kim Knoppers
Historian: Zef Paci
Local Architect: Atelier 4
Structural Engineer: Diana Lluka
Mechanical Engineer: Spiro Drita
Electrical Engineer: Dëshire Mena
Photography: Christian Richters, Blerta Kambo, Casanova+Hernandez
Restricted competition:First prize
Current state: Completed

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