Morphosis marked the recent opening of the new 820,000-square-foot research and development (R&D) facility for The Kolon Group, the leading textile manufacturing company in South Korea. The design features flexible laboratory facilities, administrative offices, and active social spaces that encourage greater interaction and exchange across the company departments, with a visually striking façade that demonstrates Kolon’s commitment to innovation, technology, and sustainability.
▼建筑概览，exterior overview ©Jasmine Park
在首席执行官兼会长李雄烈（Lee Woong-Yeul）的领导下，Kolon集团（其名称来源于最初的产品KOrean nyLON）已发展为一家多元化的公司，其业务涵盖研发、基础材料制造以及产品制造等。公司共有38个分部在进行纺织品、化工用品、以及可持续技术的开发，同时也生产运动服饰和成衣系列。Kolon集团的多元性使其能够完全凭借个人资源来打造全新设施。新的研发中心被命名为“ Kolon One & Only Tower”，而集团本身也兼任了甲方和乙方的双重身份。研发中心15%（约12.3万平方英尺）的面积将用于激活社交空间，充分支持了李会长在构建协作式跨学科环境方面的愿景，以及始终将员工福祉放在首位的初心。此外，研发中心55%的面积将作为实验室空间，剩余的空间则作为办公空间。
▼剖面图1，section 1 ©Morphosis Architects
▼剖面图2，section 2 ©Morphosis Architects
Led by CEO and Chairman Lee Woong-Yeul, Kolon (which takes its name from its original product, KOrean nyLON) is a diverse corporation that covers R&D, primary material manufacturing, and product construction. The company produces textiles, chemicals, and sustainable technologies as well as original athletic and ready-to-wear clothing lines across its 38 divisions. Kolon’s all-encompassing scope allowed the company to draw from its own resources to construct the new facility, christened the Kolon One & Only Tower, and assume a unique position as both client and contractor. Fifteen percent, or approximately 123,000 square feet, is devoted to active social spaces, supporting Chairman Lee’s vision of creating collaborative and interdisciplinary spaces that prioritize employees’ well-being. Fifty-five percent of the building is laboratory space, with the remainder designed for offices.
▼建筑以折叠的姿态向公园的方向延伸，能够为较低楼层提供被动式的遮阳，the building folds towards the park, providing passive shading to the lower floors ©Jasmine Park
Morphosis事务所创始人Thom Mayne表示：“以创新为核心的Kolon集团使我们得以真正突破材料、技术和设计的极限，最终打造出一座拥有独特外观且可持续的建筑。从一开始，我们的团队便与Kolon进行了紧密的合作，以期在实现公司愿景的同时，还能够满足其在未来的研究需求。” Kolon集团是最早将研发部门迁移到麻谷地区的公司之一。麻谷是一个新兴的技术和轻工业中心，也是该区域发展的示范性案例。首尔市政府正在着力将该地区打造为由技术和信息公司组成的全新“工业生态系统”。占地5英亩的项目基地与麻谷的中央公园相邻，研发中心也成为了该区域最先完工的建筑。
“Working with a company like Kolon, that also has innovation at its core, allowed us to really push the limits of materials, technology, and design to create a building that is visually striking and sustainable,” said Morphosis Founding Principal Thom Mayne. “From the outset, our team worked in collaboration with Kolon to realize their vision for this new space that will serve the research needs of the company well into the future.” Kolon is one of the first firms to move its R&D operations to Magok, a new hub for technology and light industry, setting the standard for performance and design in the district. Seoul Metropolitan Government is leading an initiative to transform the district into an “industrial ecosystem” where a range of technology and information companies can relocate their operations centers. The five-acre project site sits adjacent to Magok’s central park—a prominent location for what will be the district’s first major completed building.
▼朝西的主立面安装有独特的百叶窗系统，呼应了Kolon对于纺织品的研究，the distinctive brise-soleil system on the main, west-facing façade of the building, analogous to a woven fabric—a reference to Kolon’s research in textiles ©Jasmine Park
▼宽敞的中庭带来充足的光线和活动空间，a transparent ground plane provides a connection between the landscape and the interior space, capturing light and movement in an expansive pedestrian atrium ©Jasmine Park
▼中庭空间的玻璃立面，the glazed facade of the atrium space ©Roland Halbe
The building folds towards the park, providing passive shading to the lower floors. Bridging the three extending laboratory wings, this folding volume contains conference rooms and social spaces while the street-level floor will be occupied by flagship retail and exhibition galleries to familiarize the public with the Kolon brand. A transparent ground plane provides a connection between the landscape and the interior space, capturing light and movement in an expansive pedestrian atrium. At 40 meters tall and 100 meters long, the atrium serves as the building’s social center, and its translucent liner system—comprised of over 400 massive eight-meter panels that showcase Kolon’s own fabrics—showcases the heart of the atrium space: The Grand Stair. Inspired by the Spanish Steps in Rome, the Grand Stair serves practical functions but also acts a vertical courtyard for informal, casual gatherings as well as end-of-year marquee ceremonies.
▼由超过400块、长度为8米的半透明面板构成的纵向屏墙系统定义出主楼梯所在的核心空间，the atrium serves as the building’s social center, and its translucent liner system—comprised of over 400 massive eight-meter panels — showcases the heart of the atrium space: The Grand Stair ©Jasmine Park
▼主楼梯细部，detailed view ©Jasmine Park
▼半透明的屏墙系统，the translucent liner system ©Jasmine Park
“The new research and development facility for Kolon sets the standard for sustainable design and construction in the emerging Magok district,” said Project Principal Eui-Sung Yi. “Inspired by Kolon’s severe-weather layered performance wear, our team worked with engineers and fabricators to apply a performance driven series of vertical layers to our design that challenges the conventional approach to sunshade design and enhances the building’s sustainability.”
▼纵向的交通空间，vertical circulation ©Roland Halbe
The distinctive brise-soleil system on the main, west-facing façade of the building was created through a complex process early in the design development phase of the project, resulting in a unique sunshade that is both performative and symbolic. The design of the façade features an interconnected array of sunshades that form the monolithic, outer skin, analogous to a woven fabric—a reference to Kolon’s research in textiles, as well as a symbol of collaboration between the company’s many departments. The units of the sunshade are parametrically shaped to balance shading and views and are made from fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) using one of Kolon’s own high-tech fabrics, Aramid, to dramatically increase the material’s tensile strength. One of the most notable features of the design is the lack of a visible support structures, allowing the sunshade to seemingly float outside the glazed wall and providing clear views from the interior spaces.
▼遮阳结构如同悬浮在玻璃墙外，为内部空间带来清晰的视野，the sunshade seemingly floats outside the glazed wall and provides clear views from the interior spaces ©Jasmine Park
▼每个遮阳结构均是经过参数化设计塑形而成，采用了Kolon集团自主生产的高科技纤维材料：芳纶（Aramid），the units of the sunshade are parametrically shaped to balance shading and views and are made from fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) using one of Kolon’s own high-tech fabrics, Aramid ©Jasmine Park
The Kolon One & Only Tower is on track to achieve LEED Gold certification, a rating that is particularly noteworthy due to the size and high level of energy consumption in a laboratory of this size. The building is also pursuing the most rigorous sustainability certification in Korea. The performance of the building focuses on energy efficiency, resource conservation, and environmental stewardship, working in concert with education and employee health and well-being. Roof terraces and courtyards provide increased access to natural light and fresh air to invigorate the work environment. Other sustainable measures include green roofs, photovoltaics (PV) and geothermal design, recycled materials, and utilizing a bubble deck slab that reduces the amount of concrete used by 30 percent. Key performance and sustainable design strategies include: The development of building mass and orientation to respond to the solar path; Incorporating solar self-shading to minimize cooling loads; Daylighting in the atrium to reduce energy used for artificial lighting; Providing natural ventilation to reduce cooling load; A floor radiant system to provide thermal comfort.
▼首层平面图，plan level 1 ©Morphosis Architects
▼6层平面图，plan level 6 ©Morphosis Architects
▼9层平面图，plan level 9 ©Morphosis Architects
▼负一层平面图，plan level B1 ©Morphosis Architects
▼东立面图，east elevation ©Morphosis Architects
▼北立面图，north elevation ©Morphosis Architects
▼南立面图，south elevation ©Morphosis Architects
▼西立面图，west elevation ©Morphosis Architects
▼剖面图1，section 1 ©Morphosis Architects
▼剖面图2，section 2 ©Morphosis Architects
▼剖面图3，section 3 ©Morphosis Architects
LOCATION: Seoul, South Korea
CLIENT: Kolon Industries, Inc.
SIZE: 821,286 ft² / 76,300 m²
PROGRAM: Corporate research and development center including labs, offices, meeting suites, exhibition space, brand shop, cafeteria, library, lecture rooms, and other support facilities.
DESIGN: 2013 – 2015
CONSTRUCTION: 2015 – 2018
PHOTOGRAPHER: Jasmine Park, Roland Halbe (www.rolandhalbe.de)