Iperceramica is Italy’s largest ceramics and sanitary ware company, headquartered in Modena, an Italian industrial center. MC A – Mario Cucinella Architects follows two key points in the design of Iperceramica’s new office building. Respect for people: starting from creating a more happy office environment for employees, rethinking the work space, promoting communication and sharing, to design an office space with design aesthetics, high-quality environment and high efficiency. Respect for nature: reduce the pressure of buildings on the environment, make full use of natural energy, integrate a variety of green design methods, and create a model of a new generation of sustainable office buildings in Modena.
▼项目概览，general view © Giovanni De Sandre
与自然对话 | Dialogue with nature
The building has two floors and an area of about 1700 square meters. Surrounding the central courtyard, a transparent cube with a simple and tense style in dialogue with nature is created, which blends into the surrounding environment. The design aims to reduce energy consumption and the building’s pressure on nature, maximize the creation of high-quality office space. The all-wood main structure realizes the natural fusion of buildings and materials. Compared with concrete and steel, wooden structures require less water and energy during the production process. The beam and column structures are all exposed to minimize the demand for finishes and also bring a sense of rhythm to the interior space. Let visiting customers understand the structure and load transfer of the building, and appreciate the beauty brought by the pure structure. The high-efficiency double-glazed curtain wall on the façade regulates the indoor micro-climate while also making the building more closely connected with the surrounding landscape. The thin metal sheet roof adopts an asymmetrical shape and stretches like a sail, which can shield the façade from rain and the hot summer sun, adjust the indoor temperature, and reduce the energy consumption of the building.
▼项目外观，external view © Giovanni De Sandre
绿色悬帆屋顶 | Green hanging sail roof
Based on the research of base location and sunshine, a suspended sail roof with both function and aesthetic came into being. In order to adjust the light radiation of the glass curtain wall and protect the inner working space from direct sunlight, a large cover cantilevered sail is extended from the roof edge of the outer wall to reduce the entry of direct light. Different from other symmetrical cantilevered roofs, through the analysis of the local sun direction and sunshine, the design adopts different distances of cantilever to flexibly manage the direct light according to the needs of sunshine and indoor space. This unique functional design gives the building a high degree of recognizability and becomes a new green landmark in Modena. Linear lighting is set under the roof to highlight the asymmetric horizontal hanging sails, visually separating the building from the roof. The suspended sail adopts translucent perforated panels to realize the concealment of the roof structure to eliminate the discomfort of the exposed steel structure and enhance the overall simplicity.
▼悬帆屋顶，the hanging sail roof © Giovanni De Sandre
高质量环境 | High-quality environment
The external facade is a full glass curtain wall, which fits with Iperceramica’s open and efficient corporate culture. People can appreciate the indoor working environment when they are outdoors, and welcome customers to experience the building with a welcoming attitude.
▼全玻璃幕墙，the full glass curtain wall © Giovanni De Sandre
A vibrant green courtyard is set in the center of the building, where various trees and shrubs are planted to bring the scenery of the four seasons, while improving the quality of the air and office environment, and enhancing the happiness of employees. The central courtyard serves as a green buffer zone for the building, forming a microclimate and saving the energy required for passive indoor cooling.
▼绿色庭院，the vibrant green courtyard © Giovanni De Sandre
▼从庭院望向接待处，view from the courtyard to the reception © Giovanni De Sandre
▼从庭院望向办公空间，view from the courtyard to the office © Giovanni De Sandre
The building pays attention to the penetration of natural light, and through the treatment of different natural light in the building, the office needs are solved. The indoor space is divided by screen-printed glass. While ensuring privacy, sight and natural light can pass through. Offices, corridors, meeting rooms and other spaces do not require artificial lighting during the day, saving a lot of energy.
▼入口大厅，the entrance hall © Giovanni De Sandre
▼接待处，the reception © Giovanni De Sandre
▼自然光从庭院渗透到走廊和办公空间，the natural light penetrates from the courtyard to the corridor and office space © Giovanni De Sandre
▼室内空间分隔采用丝网印刷制玻璃，the indoor space is divided by screen-printed glass © Giovanni De Sandre
低碳建筑材料 | Low-carbon building materials
面对全球气候危机，木结构有助于减少建筑物的碳排放量，而在高排碳的建筑中一半以上是混凝土结构，1/3为钢结构。该建筑采用先进的木结构建造，以简洁环保的方式打造办公环境，显著降低隐含碳，大量减少建筑的碳排放量。同时木结构采取集成设计，大大缩短施工时间和成本，并保证了施工现场的安静及整洁。承重结构采用层压木材的预制构件，天花设置一系列约12 x 12 厘米的板条。通透的空间和木制结构清晰地展现在眼前，演绎木材的温暖美观。全玻璃的幕墙延伸至每个楼层，使自然光得以穿透建筑深处，创造高质量的室内环境。
In the face of the global climate crisis, wooden structures help reduce the carbon emissions of buildings, and more than half of high-carbon buildings are concrete structures and 1/3 are steel structures. The building uses an advanced wooden structure to create an office environment in a simple and environmentally friendly way, which significantly reduces the embodied carbon and greatly reduces the carbon emissions of the building. At the same time, the wood structure adopts integrated design, which greatly shortens the construction time and cost, and ensures the quiet and tidy construction site. The load-bearing structure uses prefabricated components of laminated wood, and the ceiling is set with a series of slats of approximately 12 x 12 cm. The transparent space and wooden structure are clearly displayed in front of you, deducing the warmth and beauty of wood. The all-glass curtain wall extends to each floor, allowing natural light to penetrate deep into the building, creating a high-quality indoor environment.
▼建设中的木结构，construction of wooden structures © Mario Cucinella Architects
最大化可持续性 | Maximize sustainability
From an environmental point of view, the preferred material for construction is wood, and a dry and easy-to-disassemble solution is adopted, which has less impact on the environment. The design principle of DFMA (Design for Manufacturing and Assembly) is adopted to greatly shorten the construction period, reduce costs, and reduce the use of raw materials, pollution and industrial accidents. In addition, the building adopts a variety of energy-saving and emission-reduction measures to reduce environmental pollution and reduce energy consumption. Solar photovoltaic panels are installed on the roof, and the converted electric energy can offset part of the energy consumption of the building. The underground cistern collects rainwater from the roof and uses it for the automatic irrigation system of the central courtyard and clean water for the building. The exterior of the building, sidewalks and parking lots are illuminated with anti-glare lamps and low electric poles to fix the downward light emission direction to reduce light pollution.
▼细部，details © Giovanni De Sandre
▼总平面图，site plan © Mario Cucinella Architects
▼一层平面图，ground floor plan © Mario Cucinella Architects
▼二层平面图，first floor plan © Mario Cucinella Architects
▼剖面图，sections © Mario Cucinella Architects
▼节能分析，diagram © Mario Cucinella Architects
客户：Bayker Italia / Iperceramica
项目团队：Mario Cucinella, Enrico Iascone, Michele Roveri, Francesca Fabiana Fochi, Giovanni Sanna, Silivia Conversano
效果图：Nicola Magri, Francesco Naimoli
摄影： Giovanni De Sandre
结构工程：Maffeis Engineering Spa
水暖电工程：STEP Engineering Srl
防火工程： IDF Ingegneria