精神居所 | Spiritual residence
In Beijing, in addition to Hutongs, a type of regional residential architecture, red brick dwellings are also an indispensable part of the urban texture of old Beijing. Most of these buildings were built in the last century, and they are the first batch of buildings and dwellings in Beijing, and they also formed the initial residential community model. However, these houses are now in disrepair, dilapidated and shabby, and their functions are not satisfactory. Problems such as the lack of living functions and the narrow kitchen of bathrooms have been gradually exposed, and now it is difficult to meet the needs of young people. At present, most of them are shelter for lonely elderly people and migrant workers.
▼房内一瞥，a glance to the interior ©史云峰
生活容器 | Living container
The project is located on the third floor of a red brick residential building in Shougang Road, with an area of about 20 square meters. In this extremely precious small space, the bathroom appears to be very small and cramped, with only the kitchen and hallway, as well as a bedroom. 20 square meters, not only undertakes the hostess’s daily life of three meals a day, but also needs to take into account the need for temporary rest when her son, who is studying abroad, comes home. Although the space is small, it is not only the sustenance of the family’s feelings, but also the receptive device of their lives. However, in use, it is love and hate for this family, and many inconveniences in use have made this old house gradually “criticized” by the family. How to rebuild the family’s spiritual residence and how to meet all the living needs in a small space is a major challenge for our renovation.
Before the transformation, the space of the “small” house could not match its function, and it was full of daily necessities of day overwhelmed by “poems and dreams”. The storage space in the house was crowded and cluttered. Squat cover shower, bed edge sitting, tea table curled up at the head of the bed, sewing machine hiding in the thick dust, game cartoon-loving son’s “Frost sadness” submerged in bottles and cans, lost the light of the past. The hostess repeats the movements of her life every day, with the back of her son from a toddler to a foreign learner. The family is worried about the lack of function, narrow inconvenience and line of sight at home, and they all want to have a storage room big enough to avoid the “funny” situation of using kitchen cabinets as shoe cabinets.
▼北京红砖民居，Red brick dwellings in Beijing
▼房屋改造现场，Housing renovation site
视线通透 | Transparent line of sight
The narrowness of the space often makes people feel depressed, crowded and uncomfortable, which visually compresses the “sense of mass” of the space. So in this transformation, the first thing we need to do is to make the indoor line of sight transparent. However, due to the structural limitations of this old small house, the indoor partition structure can hardly be changed. Under this premise, we adjust the layout and comb the streamline to make the space appear more transparent. Let the “small” house look at the “small” but “complete with five internal organs”, “transparent line of sight”, “folding furniture”, “storage” and other key words have become the main points of the design.
Inside the space, the entrance of the bedroom is not only a central location of the whole house, but also a central point of traffic, which can lead to other functional areas of the home, so we first made a new layout here. The doors of the living room, kitchen and bathroom all use folding doors and sliding doors, and choose glass as far as possible in the material, so as not to affect the privacy of the space while reducing the sense of isolation and embarrassment of each functional space. The original closed space has been changed into an open or semi-open space, which will make the indoor line of sight transparent and create a sense of experience of the “big” space.
▼卧室推拉移门（gif动图），Bedroom sliding door ©史云峰
折叠空间 | Folding space
Transparency solves the problem of line of sight inside the space. Another problem that needs to be solved in the small space is storage needs. Storage can not only solve the needs of use, but also can store the indoor objects, so that the sense of order and cleanliness of the space is greatly increased, so as to achieve the purpose of making the small space bigger.
Spatial planning analysis diagram
With a space of 20 square meters, our storage strategy is not only to increase the lockers, but also to make use of the high space. The biggest highlight is the design of folding furniture, so that a space can have a variety of compound uses and increase the utilization rate of the space. In each functional space, we have set up two states, namely, “folded state” and “active state”. The folding state is a more commonly used state in daily life, which can meet all the needs of the hostess alone, and the whole effect is that the room is clean and permeable, while when dynamic is enabled, the storage space and functional space are increased to meet temporary use needs, and can continue to be folded up after use, and the space is flexible and changeable.
Analysis diagram of folding space and storage system
厨房 | Kitchen
In the renovation, we redesigned the original L-shaped operating table of the kitchen, and adjusted the water position of the heating, the electric fireplace and the vegetable washing pool, so as to make the active streamline in the kitchen more concise and convenient. And lockers are added to the upper and lower positions of the kitchen countertop, which greatly increases the storage capacity of the kitchen. The upper cabinet is set as a pull-down cabinet, which is more convenient to use. for the hostess who is not tall, you can also easily take the items from the upper cabinet. There is also a shelter for the washing machine in the kitchen. The overall white tone makes the space more spacious visually.
Folding space analysis diagram of kitchen
Combined with the doorway of the kitchen, a wall-hanging hidden folding table is designed, which can be pulled down and folded directly to form a small countertop, which can not only be used as an operating table, but also a small bar for breakfast or afternoon tea.
A hidden folding table at the entrance to the kitchen
Corridor scene analysis diagram
At the top of the corridor outside the kitchen, an electric hanging cabinet is designed, which can adjust the height and use the position at the top to store goods, neither occupying the space of the pedestrian below, and the wood-colored material is also integrated with the overall style, giving people a warm feeling. Electric storage is also more suitable for the elderly to avoid the danger of stepping on stools.
Adjustable height electric hanging cabinet
卫生间 | Bathroom
Bathroom uses folding glass door, folding door can reduce the occupation of space, suitable for such a small space residence. The film on the outside of the glass ensures privacy and leaves a blank at the edge of the glass to prevent the elderly from slipping when using the toilet.
Bathroom outside glass folding door (left) and bathroom interior (right)
There is a structured alcove at the entrance, where we have placed a customized wash basin and touch round mirror. Immediately next to the bathroom, it is convenient to wash and at the same time, achieve dry and wet separation. Moreover, this round mirror is directly at the entrance of the living room area, adding a sense of depth to the entire space and expanding the visual space experience.
▼凹龛洗手池，Alcove sink ©史云峰
客厅与卧室 | Living room and bedroom
Living room and bedroom, as the most important space at home, merge into one in this 20-square-meter space, although it is not independent, but we also try our best to let users have more functional experience and better experience life in this space.
Variable space analysis diagram of living room and bedroom
The living room and bedroom area are combined with the wall and ground to insert the storage space into the storage space. Considering the ergonomics at the same time, adding electric and folding design is simple and convenient to operate and save space. The hostess’ bed is integrated with the wardrobe and lockers, and a folding wall lamp is set in the niche to facilitate night-time lighting. The closet at the end of the bed is designed with a pull-out desk. When you use it, you only need to gently pull out the desktop board. It is very convenient. The folding wall lamp in the niche can also provide lighting for this desk, giving the owner an extra night. Reading options.
▼女主人卧室区域，Hostess bedroom area ©史云峰
The folding sofa bed combined with the closet integration is used as a temporary bed when the son returns home. On weekdays, it can be folded up and used as a sofa. This area is also planned as a living room.
▼儿子卧室区域 – 折叠沙发床，Son bedroom area-folding sofa bed ©史云峰
Before the renovation, the owner was ashamed that there was no living room to invite friends. After the transformation, we designed a folding table near the window, with panels expanded, which can be used for four to five people to eat, and can also be used for leisure chess entertainment and other activities. become an area at home where you can party and relax.
▼客厅区域 – 窗边可折叠桌 ©史云峰
Living room area-foldable table by the window
One side of the windowsill is combined with floating windows to design an electric clothes rack for the hostess to use, and bonsai is placed on the windowsill to increase the green vitality in the space.
▼电动晾衣架（gif动图），Electric drying rack ©史云峰
适老策略 | Aging strategy
The female owner lives alone in this small house all the year round, and her son is unable to take care of her overseas, so we have also added some aging designs in the renovation to ensure the safety of the owners in use. The floor sensor lights installed near the door and on the cabinets in the bedroom can light up without control at night, reducing the possibility of the elderly falling down. The white space under the glass door of the bathroom is also for the elderly to be detected when they slip in the bathroom.
▼适老策略细节，Details of aging strategy ©史云峰
In fact, there are many such old neighborhoods in every city that need to be rebuilt. For designers, this transformation of “home” will carry more weight. For residents, home is their spiritual residence and a container for all past and present life. Every house should meet the needs of the occupants. Since the people are different, the home should be varied. 20-square-meter house is changed to create a more comfortable and convenient way of life for the owners in the ordinary life.
▼项目图纸，Project drawings ©大观建筑设计
Design company: DAGA Architects
Design team: Shen Jianghai, Huang Da, Li Shaoyi, Yu Xiaoyu, Yang Xiaoling
Project type: Interior design
Covered area: 20㎡
Date of design: 2018
Photographer: Shi Yunfeng