Renzo Piano工作室新近完成了位于西班牙桑坦德地区的Centro Botín艺术中心。它位于一个俯瞰大海的显赫位置，基地背面是历史悠久的Jardines de Pereda公园。艺术中心的落成将为这一片历史悠久的街区激发新的活力。
The Centro Botín, a space for art, culture and education, projecting into the Bay of Santander, will restore to the city the immense dockland site of the Albareda mole, used until now as a parking lot. This is a strategic area, overlooking the sea, near the old city centre and enhanced by the historic Jardines de Pereda.
▼手绘草图，sketches ©Image courtesy Renzo Piano Building Workshop
▼位于海边的艺术中心，the Centro Botín by the sea ©Image courtesy Ph. Enrico Cano
该中心的建设得到了西班牙银行总裁Emilio Botín（1934年 – 2014年）的鼎力支持，并由Botín基金会资助，该基金会是西班牙最重要的私人基金会之一，成立于1964年，旨在促进Cantabria地区的社会，经济和文化发展。
The centre was strongly supported by Emilio Botín (1934-2014), president of Banco Santander and financed by the Botín Foundation, one of the most important private foundations in Spain, established in 1964 with the aim of fostering the social, economic and cultural development of Cantabria.
▼从公园的方向望向艺术中心，view from the park ©Image courtesy Ph. Enrico Cano
设计重塑了城市历史街区与大海之间的纽带。曾经将Jardines de Pereda公园与大海隔开的高速公路现在改成了地下隧道。现在，公园可以一直延伸到海边，人们通过经过整修的海边步道可以畅通无阻的欣赏到海湾优美的景色。
The project restores the ties between the historical part of the city and the sea. The freeway separating the park from the sea has now been rung underground through a tunnel, making it possible to double the area of the Jardines de Pereda, extending them to the seafront and restoring pedestrian access to the sea for Santander’s citizens.
▼从这里可以欣赏到优美的海景，spectacular view of the sea ©Image courtesy Ph. Enrico Cano
Hemmed in between the park and the sea, and on the axis of the public market, the new Centro Botín is half based on the land and the other half suspended over the water on stilts. This avoids obstructing the view of the sea and the beautiful bay landscape for people strolling in the park, as the Centro Botín is cleverly masked by the foliage of trees.
▼一半是陆地，一半是海水，suspended above the plaza ©Image courtesy Ph. Enrico Cano
A series of light walkways of steel and glass separate the two rounded volumes of the building and create a new square set above grade and fully public. Stairways and elevators then lead up to the two blocks of the cultural centre. From here the “springboard” over the sea projects twenty metres beyond the mole.
▼两个单体建筑之间的大平台， square set above grade and fully public ©Image courtesy Ph. Enrico Cano
▼连接上下楼层的钢制楼梯，steel stairways connecting the levels ©Image courtesy Ph. Enrico Cano
The two-lobed form of the Centro Botín is the outcome of a laborious progressive refinement of the design with the use of models. This gave rise to a rounded form that provides better illumination of the ground floor and accompanies the view of visitors and citizens looking out from the park to the sea. The two bodies that make up the building are completely faced with 280,000 small, slightly rounded ceramic tiles, pearl-coloured and vibrant, that reflect the sunlight, the sparkle of the water, and the rarefied atmosphere of Cantabria.
▼宛若珍珠的瓷片构成了独特的表皮，the facade is covered by ceramic tiles, ©Image courtesy Ph. Enrico Cano
▼从另一个角度看表皮上的微妙光影，another view of the facade ©Image courtesy Ph. Enrico Cano
The east volume houses an auditorium rising to double height and cantilevered over the sea, and to the north, the educational centre: spaces designed with the maximum flexibility to adapt to multiple activities. The auditorium has been conceived as a multifunctional box that can host concerts, readings, lectures, but also festivals and ceremonies, while the rooms of the education centre are designed to offer spaces of varying sizes to host future workshops of creative art, music, dance and cookery for both children and adults.
▼东区的多功能剧场，the theater located in the east block ©Image courtesy Ph. Enrico Cano
In the west volume the exhibition galleries unfold on two levels, characterized by a spectacular double view over the sea and the park. The exhibition space on the upper floor is illuminated zenithally by glass roofing consisting of four layers: an outer level composed of small silkscreened glass slats which prevent stray light from entering the gallery space directly; a second layer of double glazing which seals the gallery; a third layer consisting of small aluminium louvers automatically controlled by a system of sensors that can be used to black out the interior and make the lighting flexible; and lastly, under the main beams, a semi-transparent white fabric that creates a uniform space and diffuses the light while revealing the complex structure of the roof.
▼位于西区的展览中心，Exhibition Centre ©Image courtesy Ph. Enrico Cano
▼这里可以欣赏到壮丽的海景，view of the sea from the interior ©Image courtesy Ph. Enrico Cano
An amphitheatre hewn out of the park runs alongside the Centro Botín, its west façade equipped with a LED screen for screenings and outdoor cinema. On the ground floor a fully transparent façade encloses a multifunctional space animated by a café, restaurant, commercial space and the information centre. Here the ceiling is covered with ceramic and the floor is a continuation of the external blue concrete paving. In this way, the inner and outer space are almost indistinguishable and visitors and citizens can see the sea and landscape of the bay framed by the broad eaves of the building which shelter the tables outside, creating a space for gathering and socializing.
▼在这里安静的享受闲暇时光，enjoy spectacular view and quality time ©Image courtesy Ph. Enrico Cano
Building, park and city are clasped in an intimate bond.
▼俯瞰整个艺术中心建筑群，Centro Botín from above ©Image courtesy Stéphane ABOUDARAM
▼夜景，night view ©Image courtesy Ph. Enrico Cano
▼总平面图，site view ©Image courtesy Renzo Piano Building Workshop
▼一层平面图，ground floor plan ©Image courtesy Renzo Piano Building Workshop
▼剖面图，sections ©Image courtesy Renzo Piano Building Workshop
▼东立面图，east elevation ©Image courtesy Renzo Piano Building Workshop
▼西立面图，west elevation ©Image courtesy Renzo Piano Building Workshop
Project Year: 2010 – 2017
Client: Fundación Botín
Renzo Piano Building Workshop, architects
in collaboration with Luis Vidal + Architects (Madrid)
Design Team: E.Baglietto, M.Carroll (partners in charge), F.Becchi (associate in charge), S.Lafranconi, M.Monti, R.Parodi, L.Simonelli with M.Cagnazzo, P.Carrera, S.Ishida (partner), M.Menardo, A.Morselli, S.Polotti and I.Coseriu, P.Fiserova, V.Gareri, S.Malosikova, T.Wozniak, A.Zambrano; F.Terranova, F.Cappellini, I.Corsaro (models)
Consultants: Dýnamis, Arup, Typsa (structure); Arup, Typsa (MEP, façade); Müller-BBM (acoustics); artec3 Studio, Arup (lighting); Gleeds, Typsa (cost consultant); Fernando Caruncho (landscape)
Project manager: Bovis