由MVRDV设计的Casa Kwantes私人住宅近期已建成，坐落于荷兰鹿特丹市西面。480平方米的住宅既给予居住者所需的私密性，同时又有极度开放的空间亲近花园和日光。设计遵循怀旧主义的城市政策要求，充满30年代风格的外立面砖墙将家庭生活和街道空间巧妙隔离，而花园一侧，流线型的落地玻璃幕墙环绕整个起居空间，围绕着住宅的中心 – 一棵橄榄树。而隐藏在整体设计中还有精密复杂的可再生能源系统，未来整栋别墅有潜力达到完全自己自足。
MVRDV recently completed Casa Kwantes, a private residence in west Rotterdam the Netherlands. This 480m2 property gives its residents the privacy they desire whilst at the same time opens up the house towards the garden and daylight. Operating within a nostalgic urban requirement, a wall of 1930s brickwork creates a boundary between family and public life towards the street, whilst on the garden side, fluid glass walls sweep around the living spaces, embracing the house’s focal point, an olive tree. Out of sight, the home also has several sophisticated renewable energy production systems with the potential for it to become entirely self-sufficient.
Casa Kwantes的设计基于业主对隐居和私密性的需求，同时将日照与开放的起居空间最大化。从街道看去，透过外砖墙立面的开口，只能瞥见一部分室内空间和私密的家庭生活 – 精巧而微妙的缩进式入口，引入一个封闭无光的入口门厅。与之相反，住宅的背面完全朝南打开，流线型的落地玻璃窗与玻璃幕墙一同环绕着中心的橄榄树。
Casa Kwantes bases itself around the clients’ desire for seclusion and privacy, whilst having a maximum of daylight and open living spaces. From the road, the bare brick wall offers only a partial glimpse into the property and family life through an opening of the white brickwork façade – a subtle indented entrance leading into an initially dark and enclosed entrance hall. In contrast, the reverse of the property completely opens up to the south with curved windows following the entire winding façade wrapped around a central olive tree.
▼ 内部与沿街外立面的对比，反差性地整合了平直和流线，开放与封闭，灵活与固定，façade contrasts integration of the flat and fluid open and enclosed, flexible and defined
The 480m2 private home designed by MVRDV has a distinct night-daytime separation. It is located in the Rotterdam area on a corner plot of the site of an old hospital. On entering through a curved indent in an otherwise flat and mysterious façade with Celosia brickwork detail, visitors are led into the entrance hall. Stepping into the property, it suddenly opens into the well-lit living spaces of its curved and fluid interior. This continuous wall also serves as an entrance to the garage and staircase. The living room and library take up the rest of the space, wrapped around a curvaceous and carved out courtyard that frames the focal point of the house, the tree. The living room’s backbone is a long fitted closet of wood hiding all domestic functions including the basement, entrance, guest toilet, kitchen cabinets and pantry. The flooring from inside continues outside and essentially turns the courtyard into an extension of the house i.e. as an exterior room. There is a small basement for extra storage, and in addition, a sun trap patio at the bottom of the garden which provides an extra paved barbeque space for Dutch summer days.
▼ 建筑的外立面平整而神秘，隐约可见一个曲面缩进的入口，on entering through a curved indent in an otherwise flat and mysterious façade with Celosia brickwork detail
▼ 从主入口进入后通过门厅即可到达走廊， after the main entrance, through the hallway to get to the corridor
▼ 视野从一个房间延续到另一个房间，并且可以从各个角度观赏庭院内的橄榄树，continuous views from one room to another, and olive trees in the garden can be seen from every angle
“上下两层的室内立面都采用流线型的曲面玻璃幕墙，使视野从一个房间延续到另一个房间。不仅仅是视觉上的联系，室外阳台也提供了一个延续的路径，可以不受阻碍地从一个空间走向另一个空间。随着在住宅中走动而产生的不同视角，可看见橄榄树在玻璃上的倒影也不断变化和跳跃。”MVRDV的创始人Jacob van Rijs说道。
“The curved glass continuously wraps its way around the interior façade on both levels creating continuous views from one room to another. As well as a visual connection, an exterior balcony also creates the opportunity to easily walk from one space to the next without disruption. The glass reflections of the central tree continuously change and bounce around as one moves throughout the house and changes their perspective”, says MVRDV co-founder, Jacob van Rijs.
In order to maintain a responsible environmental footprint, the house has discreetly installed a ground source heat pump, heat exchange system and a roof with solar panels. The solar panels compensate for energy lost from the house’s glazing producing enough energy for it to run entirely on electricity. Casa Kwantes has the potential to become entirely self-sufficient and these installations will be tested in the course of the next year. The living spaces absorb the most sunlight yet for summer months, they have sun shading due to floors cantilevering out slightly. The design process of the home closely followed MVRDV’s commitment to working closely with clients throughout. With almost daily communications, the end result comes as close to a tailor-made home as possible.
▼ 室外阳台提供了一个延续的路径，an exterior balcony creates the opportunity to easily walk from one space to the next without disruption
▼ 阳光充裕的天井是整个住宅的中心， a sun trap patio at the bottom of the garden is the center of the house
When balancing municipality requirements for a retro style architecture, the home became a contemporary take on 1930s modernism with its long, cream, shallow brickwork, full-height glazing, and the contrasting integration of the flat and fluid, open and enclosed, flexible and defined. As the newly built homes in the vicinity are more vernacular in their modernist approach, this variation on a more avant-garde architecture has been subject of discussions with the municipality.
▼ 当夜幕初降灯光亮起时，建筑的曲线立面更显动人，night view
▼ 地面层平面图，the ground floor
▼ 首层平面图，the first floor
▼ 屋顶视图，the roof plan
▼ Jvs街道立面，elevation Jvs-street
▼ BK侧立面，elevation BK – Laan
▼ 南立面，elevation south
Project Name: Casa Kwantes
Location: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Year: 2014 – 2016
Design Team: Winy Maas, Jacob van Rijs, Nathalie de Vries, Frans de Witte, Herman Gaarman, Arjen Ketting and Brygida Zawadzka
Size & Programme: 480m2 private residence
Engineer: IMd, NL
Installations: Techniplan, NL
Contractor: Villabouw Mattone, NL
Glass Façade: IFS Building Systems, NL
Interiors: DK Projects, BE
Images: Ossip van Duivenbode
Drawings and Diagrams © MVRDV