Shaolin Flying Monks Theatre / Mailitis Architects

A theatre perfectly combined the technical and aesthetic demands.

Project Specs


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Appreciations towards Mailitis Architects for providing the following description:


The amphitheatre for levitation performances on the hillside of sacred Songshan Mountain in Central China has been recently built by Mailitis Architects.

▼ 嵩山顶上的少林和尚飞行剧场,Shaolin Flying Monks Theatre on the top of the Songshan Mountain

004-Shaolin Flying Monks Theatre


The Songshan Mountain known as spiritual “Centre of Heaven and Earth” features a significant Buddhist presence. It is home to the Shaolin Monastery, traditionally considered to be the birthplace of Zen Buddhism and Kung-Fu martial arts. Being rich in its extensive history and significant in its cultural impact on the world the place was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list. Standing on the top of the Cypress Hill, the Shaolin Flying Monks Theatre’s architectural and conceptual image pays respect to the beauty of surrounding nature and the historical heritage of the site. 

▼ 嵩山是少林寺功夫的发源地,建筑主体尊重了周边的景色和历史环境,Songshan Mountain is the birthplace of the Kung-Fu and Zen Buddhism, conceptual image pays respect to the beauty of surrounding nature and the historical heritage of the site

002-Shaolin Flying Monks Theatre


Developed in the shape of two symbols – mountain and tree – it serves as a platform for any kind of scenic arts focusing especially on flying performances. The building method combines modern and ancient technologies – laser-cut steel superstructure supports stone steps handcrafted using local quarry resources. The building has four basic functional zones: exterior surface, the stage, interior area and engine room. The exterior combines both aesthetical and functional aspects. Stair surface, apart from its usual purpose, is designed to continue the topography of territory, to adjust natural lighting for interior and to provide massive airflow for engines. 

▼ 建筑外立面是松山地形的延伸,the external facade is extended from the topography of the territory

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▼ 演员在使用风动表演装置,the performer is doing a levitation performance

005-Shaolin Flying Monks Theatre

楼梯的上层部分形成舞台周围的环抱观众席,最终形成一个中间有风洞的露天剧场。剧院内部分为三层,包括所有必要的场所和设施,供游客和表演者使用。 飞行表演所用的技术设备由Aerodium团队开发,并锚定在舞台下的机舱内。

Upper levels of stairs shape the embracement for the stage – an amphitheatre with a wind tunnel in the middle. The interior of the theatre is organized in three floors and includes all the necessary premises and facilities for visitors and performers. Technical devices are developed by Aerodium team and anchored in the engine room under the stage.

▼ 飞行表演所用的技术设备(左图),在看台上休息的少林寺学员(右图),technical devices for levitation performance ( left ), the apprentices resting on the stairs ( right )

006-Shaolin Flying Monks Theatre     007-Shaolin Flying Monks Theatre

008-Shaolin Flying Monks Theatre

▼ 表演剧场的内部通道(左图),风动装置(右图),the pathway in the theatre ( left ), the technical devices ( right )

009-Shaolin Flying Monks Theatre     010-Shaolin Flying Monks Theatre

▼ 夜间的表演剧场,night view

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▼ 环境概念,the surroundings


▼ 总平面图,masterplan

170130 TOPO

▼ 平面图,plan


▼ 剖面图,seciton

170202 SECTION

▼ 部分台阶平面,shape of the steps ( partial )


Project Name: Shaolin Flying Monks Theatre
Project Location: Songshan Mountain, Dengfeng city, Henan Province, China
Project Year: 2010 – 2017
Area: 614.8 m2

Principal architect: Austris Mailitis
Architecture Design: Ints Menģelis, Kārlis Melzobs, Dina Suhanova, Valters Murāns, Andra Odumāne, Jekaterina Olonkina
Photos: Ansis Starks

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