这座住宅位于瓦伦西亚城郊的New Santa Barbara住宅区，与既有的“Santa Barbara”豪华住宅区相邻，但价格更加亲民。项目的委托方是一家专注于管理市中心旧地产的当地开发商，此次他们开始着手于城郊新地产的开发。
▼建筑概览，overall view ©Mariela Apollonio
It is in a suburb of Valencia called New Santa Barbara, which is the more affordable neighbor of the established “Santa Barbara”, a suburb of luxury homes. A developer in Valencia who is mostly focused on management of older properties in the city centre and wanted to start working with new-built properties in the suburbs.
They wanted a house that was “different” but still fulfilled the usual expectations of a medium scale detached home. This first house was to serve as prototype for a larger plot where they plan to develop more in the future. We suggested a grid system with which we could resolve the typical details that would allow them to create different configurations in the following houses, avoiding replication but still maintain some level of standardization.
▼住宅外观，exterior view ©Mariela Apollonio
拱顶 | THE VAULTS
▼砖砌的拱顶悬浮在被用作脚手架的钢结构之上，the slabs are brick vaults, floating over the steel structure ©Mariela Apollonio
The slabs are brick vaults, floating over the steel structure (which served as scaffolding during construction). What is very important and special about these vaults is that they do not use any formwork. The bricks are attached to one another by ensuring the gesso is at the right stage of drying when used so it sticks and bonds in the moment. This is an incredible advantage in their construction and although there are faster and more efficient slab construction methods today we think this system has a great combination of environmental materials and hand-craft. The geometry of the vaults creates a sense of expansion and lightness in the interiors.
▼拱顶系统将环保的材料与手工工艺完美地结合起来，the vault system has a great combination of environmental materials and hand-craft ©Mariela Apollonio
网格 | THE GRID
The space-frame is the structure of the building, together with the vaults. We wanted to create a unifying element between interior and exterior, as well as reveal the way the house is held up. We think one feels more at ease living in spaces where the way it all comes together can be easily discerned. The green blends with vegetation, works well against the sky and it is a colour that is often found in domestic interiors in small amounts, through plants. The space frame serves as an element of continuity between interior and exterior. The steel grid is 10x10cm. The spacing is 3.75×3.75m and 3.16 height.
▼绿色的框架作为连接室内外空间的元素，the green frame serves as an element of continuity between interior and exterior ©Mariela Apollonio
Given the modest size of the plot, the house is under very strict constraints with regards to maximum square and cubic meterage. Most houses around it do not create porches because of these restrictions, however it was a priority for us to have generous covered outdoor areas for a seamless indoor-outdoor living as well as having large windows through which sun can come in the winter but not in the summer. The shifting of the floor plates was decided based on numerous solar analyses and layouts.
▼无缝衔接的室内外场景， a seamless indoor-outdoor living ©Mariela Apollonio
▼从室内望向露台，view to the outdoor space from the living area ©Mariela Apollonio
场地 | THE PLOT
The slope allowed us to create an arrival sequence through which the scale and features of the house are revealed progressively. As you enter it feels like a half-sunken 2-floor house, and it progressively reveals its scale as you move through it. The varying/shifting floor plates create a rich sequence of viewpoints, and therefore areas with very distinct visual character within the modular system. We think having a variety of spatial qualities and views around which to structure your daily life is an important value in medium and large homes. That the place where you sit in the morning for breakfast could have a different feel to where you spend your afternoon, or your summer vs. winter routines could make use of spaces differently configured, is something we strive for.
▼倾斜的场地，the sloped plot ©Mariela Apollonio
▼从街道一侧望向建筑，view from the street ©Mariela Apollonio
▼变化的地面高度，the varying/shifting floor plate ©Mariela Apollonio
材料 | MATERIAL
The house takes its cues from the materials and construction methods common in the area, both old -like the brick vaults- and new -such as the steel structure and the sandwich dry facade, which contractors are used to executing. The latter are of course not particular to the area, they’re common in many countries.
▼砖砌拱顶和钢结构的融合， the brick vaults and the steel structure ©Mariela Apollonio
室内空间 | INTERIOR
▼客厅，living room ©Mariela Apollonio
▼厨房，kitchen ©Mariela Apollonio
The interior layout follows a typical medium-size home layout in the area today, expected number of rooms and types of spaces. Driving principles for us were to eliminate corridors by creating a central staircase and organizing rooms around it, to maintain the possibility to isolate spaces and provide expected privacy (possibility to separate kitchen from living room with sliding doors, provide privacy to bedroom + shared bathroom area, have a play/tv/leisure area separated from the main living room and connected to the pool area, have a quiet main living room space connected to upper covered terraces, and provide independent outdoor areas that different family members can use independently without interfering with one another if they wish to).
▼通过将房间组织在中央楼梯周围来消除走廊空间，the corridors were eliminated by creating a central staircase and organizing rooms around it ©Mariela Apollonio
饰面 | FINISHES
We were not appointed to develop the interior design. The developer decided on standard affordable basic finishes. It was a challenge to figure out how to deliver spatial qualities that did not depend on finishes. We think it is important to be able to deliver what is required in each situation. The qualities of the house therefore are delivered by the layout (as we mentioned above, emphasizing on the indoor-outdoor seamlessness) and by the choice of exposed hybrid structure. Over that each tenant will overlay their taste through their furniture, carpets, curtains, things! perhaps even paint the walls, easily add awnings if they like, etc.
▼标准化且经济的基本内饰，standard affordable basic finishes ©Mariela Apollonio
家具 | FURNITURE
The furniture pieces were kindly lent to us by Teulat for the photo shoot. As the house is to be rented or sold by the developer, we will not be able to access it -possibly ever again!- once a tenant moves in, therefore we wanted to have the chance to portray it with some furniture pieces within to show one way in which the house could be used. We brought as many things as we could from our home for the photo shoot, but of course it lacks the true life the tenants will bring. It is not easy to portray a good mess! This cannot be designed…
▼房间中摆放的家具由Teulat提供，提供了一种可能的居住方式，the furniture pieces were kindly lent to us by Teulat, showing one way in which the house could be used ©Mariela Apollonio
▼建筑立面，facade ©Mariela Apollonio
▼夜间视角，night view ©Mariela Apollonio
▼场地平面图，site plan ©Space Popular
▼平面图，floor plans ©Space Popular
▼立面图，elevations ©Space Popular
Brick Vault House
Nueva Santa Barbara, Valencia, Spain
Lara Lesmes & Fredrik Hellberg
Estudio Alberto Burgos & Javier Cortina Maruenda