▼项目概览，general view ©Ethan Lee
▼周边环境，context ©Ethan Lee
The oldest city in Taiwan, Tainan has a rich history influenced by different cultures. There are remnants of maritime trade with Europe in the 17th century, of the Chinese Ming Dynasty and Japanese settlements from the beginning of the 20th century. The city is rich in temples, including the famous 17th century Confucius Temple with its cantilevered roofs and beautifully carved ceilings.
The new library takes from this history, is inspired by the local culture and has been designed for the tropical climate of Tainan. It is home to the city’s cultural heritage, modern art, music, films and over a million books, including more than 16,000 from the Japanese occupation period and of course, is equipped with the latest technologies of a modern library.
竹林间 | Bamboo forest
The most striking feature is the inverted stepped shape of the library. Slender columns support the cantilevers in rhythmically placed quartets, giving a feeling of weaving your way through a modern bamboo forest. The striking crown of the building is surrounded by vertical aluminium slats with carved flower patterns, which are reminiscent of the decorative latticed windows in the old town. These slats filter the light and keep the heat out. In the evening, this unique facade is recognizable from afar.
▼逐层退缩的倒阶梯状量体，the inverted stepped shape ©Yu-Chen Chao
▼悬挑，cantilevers ©Ethan Lee
▼屋顶层由雕有花型图案的垂直铝格栅环绕 ©Ethan Lee
the striking crown of the building is surrounded by vertical aluminium slats with carved flower patterns
▼夜间效果，night view ©Ethan Lee
The stepped building offers shelter to visitors both inside and outside and creates a smooth transition from exterior and interior. Below the cantilevers are four sunken patios for outdoor activities, with the largest accessible from the square; lectures, concerts and exhibitions can be organized here.
▼图书馆广场，the library square ©Ethan Lee
▼阶梯式的建筑量体为内外访客均提供了庇护 ©Ethan Lee
the stepped building offers shelter to visitors both inside and outside
Looking up, you can see the special finish of the awnings: champagne-coloured aluminium panels with a linear staggered relief, providing additional decorative elements to the facades. The rational construction of the library allows maximum flexibility, so that the building is prepared for future changes.
▼天花造型，the awnings ©Yu-Chen Chao
▼下沉中庭，the sunken patios ©Ethan Lee
艺术与书籍 | Art and books
Once inside, the double-height atrium is inhabited with a work of art by Paul Cocksedge. The installation seems to freeze the moment when white sheets of paper are blown away by the wind, symbolising freedom of thought and the pleasure of reading. Art is exhibited everywhere in the building, not just to look at but also interactive art to touch and play with. A red sculptural staircase adds an exciting element to the geometric building, intersecting all levels and is visible everywhere through the subtle wooden-slatted flight of stairs.
▼多层挑高的中庭，the double-height atrium ©Ethan Lee
▼红色造型楼梯，the red sculptural staircase ©Ethan Lee
▼中庭空间概览，atrium general view ©Ethan Lee
The ground floor is spacious, transparent and warm due to the wood finish. Upon entry, you are greeted by an arrivals area and the welcome desk, a living room is also located here where you can read newspapers and magazines. Touchscreens with which you can explore the collection and a self-service point for borrowing books also feature on this level. The children’s library with imaginative bookcases and an adjoining patio under the awning for outdoor play is situated below. This level is also home to a spacious study room with its own entrance, where students can study 24/7.
▼中庭俯瞰，aerial view ©Ethan Lee
▼从中庭望向接待柜台，view to the welcome desk in the atrium ©Ethan Lee
the atrium is inhabited with a work of art by Paul Cocksedge ©Ethan Lee
文化遗产 | Heritage collection
As you make your way to the upper levels of the building, you first encounter a media library with seating and alcoves where you can watch movies, along with a library for teenagers with its own lounge. The general collection is located on the level above this. Beyond there is a floor dedicated to the heritage collection including the Tainan Memorial Exhibition, Japanese Collection Archive and books by Taiwanese authors.
▼图书馆上方楼层，the upper levels ©Ethan Lee
▼借阅区，reading area ©Ethan Lee
There are also four outdoor areas situated here, which are arranged as roof gardens, as well as three multifunctional spaces for classrooms/workshops and a cafe. At the top of the building, you will find the theatre and conference hall, along with offices for members of staff. From the uppermost levels of the building, a beautiful view of the city through the vertical slats is on display. Furthermore, the building has an art gallery, a maker space and Braille library. There is also a bookshop, so that you can not only read books, but also purchase them.
▼夜幕下的台南市立图书馆，Tainan Public Library by night ©Yu-Chen Chao
▼西北立面，Elevation North West
▼西南立面，Elevation South West
37,000平方公尺图书馆，包含儿童、青少年及一般图书区、现代艺术展室空间与文化遗产藏库、24小时自习室(130席) 、视听区、咖啡厅、剧场(324席) 、国际会议厅(123席) 、办公室、多功能室、创客空间、书店、密集书库、停车场、四处下沈广场、屋顶花园及广场。
兴建 2017-2020 (opening 2021)
建筑师 mecanoo 建筑师事务所、张玛龙陈玉霖联合建筑师事务所
指标系统Path & Landforms
设计总监: Francine Houben
设计团队: Rodrigo Louro, Friso van der Steen, Rodrigo Bandini, Johan Hanegraaf, Rachel Lin, Yuli Huang, Yuanyuan Chen, Natalia Leszcynska, George Orfanopoulos, Antonio Sanna, Wanjen Lin, Yunying Chiu, Tsailing Shih, Eliano Felicio, Nienke Andersson.
设计团队: (SD) 罗婷颐、黄韵珊、王哲盛; (DD/CD) 罗婷颐、王哲盛、林佳儒、Beatrice Cordella、阮孟越、杨期屏、叶俐琪、郭雅志、刘哲纲; (CA) 黄韵珊、林佳儒、罗婷颐、王雅韵、潘薇捷、陈昀、李庭谊、李伟诚、王智弘、方永贤、詹瑞保、许天喜、虞亚铁、陈冠文、梁瑜伦
37.000 m2 library with children’s, teenagers and general collection, exhibition spaces for modern art and heritage collection, 24/7 study room (130 seats), multimedia library, café, theatre (324 seats), conference room (123 seats), offices, multipurpose rooms, maker space, bookshop, archive, parking garage, four patios, roof gardens and a square.
Realisation 2017-2020 (opening 2021)
Client Cultural Affairs Bureau, Tainan City Government, Taiwan
Project team Mecanoo and MAYU Architects
Construction Envision Engineering Consultants
Installation advisor Frontier Tech Institute of Engineering Design & Consultant
Wayfinding Path & Landforms
Contractor Fu Tsu Construction, Shing Tai Hydro-Power Engineering
Project Team Mecanoo
Design Principal: Francine Houben
Design Team: Rodrigo Louro, Friso van der Steen, Rodrigo Bandini, Johan Hanegraaf, Rachel Lin, Yuli Huang, Yuanyuan Chen, Natalia Leszcynska, George Orfanopoulos, Antonio Sanna, Wanjen Lin, Yunying Chiu, Tsailing Shih, Eliano Felicio, Nienke Andersson.
Project Team MAYU architects
Design Principal: Malone Chang, Yu-lin Chen
Design Team: (SD)Ting-yi Lo, Yun-shan Huang, Che-sheng Wang; (DD/CD)Ting-yi Lo, Che-sheng Wang, Chia-ru Lin, Beatrice Cordella, Meng-yue Ruan, Qi-ping Yang, Li-chi Yeh, Ya-zhi Guo, Che-kang liu; (CA)Yun-shan Huang, Chia-ru Lin, Ting-yi Lo, Ya-yun Wang, Wei-chieh Pan, Yun Chen, Ting-yi Li, Cheng-wei Li, Chih-hung Wang, Yung-hsien Fang, Jui-pao Chan, Tien-hsi Hsu, Ya-tieh Yu, Guan-wun Chen, Yu-lun Liang.