Guoshen Museum the second National Museum in China, located on the coastal frontline of Qianhai Bay in Shenzhen. Competition organizer is Shenzhen Qianhai Development & Investment Holding Co., Ltd. together with competition hosts: Authority of Qianhai Shenzhen–Hong Kong Modern Service Industry Cooperation Zone of Shenzhen, and Culture, Radio, Television, Tourism and Sports Bureau of Shenzhen Municipality. 15 top architectural practices from around the world were selected to propose unique design solutions for the future.
▼项目视频，Video of the project ©MIR
In Finland, we think architecture has an important role in building better society. Architecture is needed to build infrastructure for culture, education and wellbeing. Finland has a long tradition of developing happiness as a goal for social policy. Architecture is a part of this process, one pragmatic tool to develop society. As a cultural landmark, Guoshen Museum opens possibilities for creating new architecture. Our team worked together, bringing together the best talent from China, Finland and the rest of the world to create meaningful architecture for Guoshen Museum.
▼新博物馆是一个复合简洁体量，New museum is a compact volume ©MIR
▼建筑外观，External view of the building ©MIR
DESIGN NARRATIVE – THE STORY OF CHINA TREASURE BOAT SAILING TO THE FUTURE
Guoshen Museum is located in a unique location on the coastal frontline of Qianhai Bay in Shenzhen, which is one of the key pivots of “21st-Century Maritime Silk Road”. Our concept for Guoshen Museum is to build the new Museum as a “giant modern vessel”, a new maritime landmark for Shenzhen, which shows the way to the future.
▼沿海建筑，水平向的切口回应周边建筑的高度，Building on the coqastal frontline. Main horizontal cut is created to allign the height with surrounding buildings ©MIR
Approaching Shenzhen from the sea, the Museum appears like a shimmering stroke in the horizon in front of the vertical city and the mountains. Inside, the giant Museum is filled with historical relics. Guoshen Museum will be the 21st Century treasure boat housing Chinese Cultural Heritage.
▼城市中闪耀的一笔，A shimmering stroke in the city ©MIR
A new seafront urban plaza is created to enter Guoshen Museum. A giant incision leads to the main entrance of the Museum. As one enters the Museum, a grand ceremonial staircase leads to the main entrance lobby which is created as an intersection of three directions: the Mountains, the Sea and the City.
▼形态生成，Generation diagram ©JKMM Architects
▼轴测图，博物馆中央是一个天井，Axonometric, sky well at the heart of the museum ©JKMM Architects
▼扭动转角的形态，以增加建筑与周边环境的对话，The corners are stretched to embrace the context of surroundings ©MIR
▼新增切口以减小建筑的尺度感 ，并增强与主要入口之间的联系，Additional cuts reduce the scale and create main connections ©MIR
Ceramic louvers act as ”Porcelain Sails” to cover the vessel of Guoshen Museum. Translucent facade creates a balance between protecting relics from daylight and offering views through. Clay, glazing and techniques from different parts of China can be integrated into building Porcelain Sails. Louvres can be built by combining industrial production and hand-made surface finishes.
▼陶瓷百叶立面细部，Closer view of the facade covered by ceramic louvers ©MIR
In the middle, a traditional Chinese ”sky well” courtyard forms the heart of the Museum. This ”sky well” is a high special exhibition space, which also serves as the main access to all exhibitions. The space opens towards the sky bringing in natural light, making it possible to show selected exhibition objects as first introduction to the museum.
▼博物馆中心“天井” 向天空敞开，The “sky well” in the heart of the museum opens the Museum towards the sky ©JKMM Architects
DISPLAY AND EXHIBITION
The aim of the museum is also to honour and promote 5,000 -year old Chinese civilization, telling China’s stories in a comprehensive way. The main cultural relics exhibitions are lifted high to the top of the building. The basic exhibition halls open to an outdoor terrace with 360 degree views of the sea, the mountains and the city. The views become part of the museum experience. The thematic exhibition halls also let the visitors enjoy both the exhibitions and the views.
▼经过大台阶进入入口大厅，Enter the entrance hall through large steps ©JKMM Architects
▼主入口大厅的设计原则是向周围环境——山、海、城——开放，Main lobby principle is designed so that it opens well to the surroundings: towards the Mountains, the Sea and the City ©JKMM Architects
▼开放的展览空间连接室外平台，Open exhibition space connected with outdoor platform ©JKMM Architects
▼从展厅看向城市景观，View to the city from the exhibition hall ©JKMM Architects
▼海岸平台：海岸平台令人亲近海水，享用海风的吹拂，Sea deck: Sea decks let people to get close to water and enjoy the sea breeze ©JKMM Architects
▼临海的开阔地带，提供开阔而迷人的视野，Open areas by the sea allow wide and intriguing views ©JKMM Architects
展厅结构、流线与分区 | Exhibition infrastructure, circulation and zoning
The vessel builds an open platform, vast spaces without columns on all exhibition levels. The exhibition circulation is simple, making easy orientation possible. The floors can be divided into different zones according to functions, light and views.
▼不同楼层布局，Layout of different floors ©JKMM Architects
灵活变化 | Flexibility and variations
Spatial principle makes it possible to create endless variations for exhibition designs. Open platform allows maximum flexibility and creativity. Flexibility allows museum to change and respond to future needs. The exhibition zones are able to host various layouts, for example contemporary exhibitions, extra large installations, open exhibition matrix, classical layouts, circle and panorama galleries.
▼可以灵活布置的展厅，Flexible exhibition halls ©JKMM Architects
展陈要素、材料与光线 | Exhibition elements, materials and light
The exhibition elements can be freely designed to create a unique museum experience. The different materials help to understand the division of functions and scale inside the exhibition elements. Light conditions can be controlled within the spaces and exhibition installations.
▼不同的展览空间，Various exhibition spaces ©JKMM Architects
LANDSCAPE DESIGN – THE STORY OF TIDES, WIND, FLOW AND GROWTH
The sea entrance leads from the main lobby to the park, Qianhai Bay seafront landscape. The park is a symbol of never ending process of life. The landscape elements are inspired by coastal processes of tides, wind, flowing water and green growth. The park creates a green heaven for families to enjoy nature.
Tides are very long-period waves that move through the oceans in response to the forces exerted by the moon and sun. In the park the shape of the shoreline is affected by the tidal effect, and the wavy shaping of the ground extends over the whole area, as if the tidal effect would have reached the whole site. Wind is a powerful force that causes weathering, erosion, and deposition. These three processes can create beautiful landscapes and interesting shapes in the ground. In the park the swales are accompanied by low dune like ridges inspired by the power of the wind. Water flowing on the surface is invaluable for all the life on Earth. Flowing water finds its way downhill and shapes the Earth on its way. In the park the topography consist of small swales that remind the routes of the water possibly flowing on the site, and ending up into the sea. The wave shaped swales in the landscape store water in the ground helping the landscape to flourish. Vegetation and the topography together create diversity both in terms of vegetation and user experience.
The landscape offers many experiences and well-being in connection with nature: viewpoints at the seashore, water and wetland habitats to observe, seaside decks to enjoy the sea breeze, as well as outdoor auditoriums and playful landscapes for any recreational activities.
▼不同的景观体验，Various landscape experiences ©JKMM Architects
The landscape changes its character due to seasonal weather conditions. Cloudburst: Cloudburst causes the swales to fill with water. The landscape changes to something totally different, people using the boardwalks to experience the water landscape. Typhoon: The sea level rises up and reshapes the shoreline. Spring: The wetlands, meadows and trees are flowering and people spend time in the park with different activities. Hot summer: Trees provide shade and greenery cools down the temperatures; water stored in the swales still keeps the landscape green.
▼不同季节和天气下的建筑景观分析，Diagram of the project in different seasons and weathers ©JKMM Architects
Modern architecture uses simple and powerful principles to build an experience that is archaic and timeless, a new landmark for Shenzhen. The Museum changes its appearance with changing light conditions, the same way the sea looks different depending on light and weather. Guoshen Museum will take its place as the new icon in the frontline of world museums.
▼概念效果图，Conceptional rendering ©MIR
▼夜景，Night view ©MIR
Design team for Guoshen Museum is made of different professionals: from architects, interior designers, exhibition specialists and artists to landscape architects, urban planners, engineers and other technical experts. The core of design team are the following four companies: JKMM Architects, CABR, China Academy of Building Research, MVA, Buro Happold.、
▼总平面图，Site plan ©JKMM Architects
▼一层平面图，First floor plan ©JKMM Architects
▼二层平面图，Second floor plan ©JKMM Architects
▼五层平面图，Fifth floor plan ©JKMM Architects
▼六层平面图，Sixth floor plan ©JKMM Architects
▼七层平面图，Seventh floor plan ©JKMM Architects
▼屋顶平面图，Roof plan ©JKMM Architects
▼剖面图，Sections ©JKMM Architects
▼细部，Details ©JKMM Architects
Location: Qianhai Bay, Shenzhen, China
Function: National Museum of China, Grand entrance lobby, Ceremonial hall, Exhibition galleries, Collection storage and management area, Social education area, Service and multifunctional activity areas, Auditorium, Digital cinema, Reading area, Cafés, Restaurants, Museum shops, VIP premises, Commercial spaces, Business scientific research area, Offices and administration, Underground parking, Roof garden, Terraces, Surrounding Park
Status: International competition entry 2020, Top 3 Finalist Award
Scale: 127 800 m2
Competition organizer: Shenzhen Qianhai Development & Investment Holding Co., Ltd.
Competition hosts: Authority of Qianhai Shenzhen–Hong Kong Modern Service Industry Cooperation Zone of Shenzhen, and Culture, Radio, Television, Tourism and Sports Bureau of Shenzhen Municipality
Scope: Architecture, Interior, Exhibition Design, Art Integration, Museography, Landscape
Partners: China Academy of Building Research (CABR) – Architecture Design Institute & Shenzhen Branch Institute, Futudesign, Nomaji Landscape Architects, Buro Happold, MVA, Mir, Hansinok, Artist Pan Jianfeng