Superblock of Sant Antoni by Leku Studio

Adaptable plaza on mesh

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巴塞罗那扩展区形式混合且高度密集,以其统一,规则且覆盖广泛的网格状布局而闻名。区域内现有的公共空间亟需调整并重建,以适应快速变化的社会,环境及经济现状。严峻的气候问题,污染问题及绿色空间和社交空间缺失等城市问题推动了拓展区的创新性转型,使城市的新框架着眼于人性化城市,舒适性城市及健康城市的标准。

▼ 项目概览,overview © DEL RIO BANI

The Eixample of Barcelona, characterised byits uniform, regular and extensive grid, shows a solid, mixed and highly densified city with a consolidated public space that now needs to reprogram and recycle itself to respond to a rapidly changing social, environmental and economic reality. Climate emergency, pollution and the lack of green and social spaces, drives an innovative transformation based on a new framework that draws a human, comfortable and healthy city.

▼ 巴塞罗那拓展区城市肌理,urban fabric of  the Eixample of Barcelona © Leku Studio

超级街区计划目标宏大,通过将街区合并为更大的城市单元来重新定义城市秩序。道路转角处被开发为广场,曾经的车行道被重塑为绿色的健康街道,以人为本的改造计划为城市赢来了新的公共空间。

The Superblocks Program is one of the most ambitious urban transformations of the city with a plan that redefines the urban order by merging blocks into bigger units. A people-centred planning that offers the opportunity to gain new public spaces by creating proximity squares in the chamfer corners and green-healthy streets where previously there were cars.

▼ 道路转角处被开发为广场,曾经的车行道被重塑为绿色的健康街道,proximity squares in the chamfer corners and green-healthy streets where previously there were cars © DEL RIO BANI

该计划所覆盖的范围正在以灵活的方式逐步扩大。在这一过程中,设计单位采用了一系列测试性的,临时的,可逆的及可适应性策略。在过去的几年中,Leku studio也为此不断调整其规划手段。Sant Antoni是超级街区计划中的一处示范区,它很好地展现了社区中的超级街区模型,是如何逐步在灵活的城市环境中自适应地发展。

The scope of the plan is extensive and the transformation requires a progressive deployment and a flexible approach. Testing, temporary actions, reversibility and adaptability are essential ingredients of the process, and for this, new planning tools are needed that from the Leku Studio office has been working on during the last years. The Superblock of Sant Antoni is an example of this work, in which flexible urbanization has made effective the progressive and adaptive extension of the Superblock model in the neighbourhood. 

▼ 绿色街道鸟瞰,bird-view of the green street © DEL RIO BANI

 

Social, healthy and progressive | 社交,健康及成长

这项城市策略以开放的态度鼓励市民的参与,使逐步扩展新的超级街区景观成为可能。曾经的城市高速公路,成为了充满生命及绿色的健康型街道;曾经的交通路口,成为舒适的广场。汽车的噪声不见,取而代之的是孩子们玩闹的欢声笑语,邻里间轻松的交谈和老人愉悦的游戏声……随着更多类似实验和社会性创新计划不断进行,城市中将灵活地引入更多景观,上述的转变会持续下去,源源不断。

This urban strategy has made possible the progressive and soft extension of the new Superblock landscape in an open and participative way. Where previously there was an urban highway, now there is a healthy street full of life and green, where there was a traffic intersection now there is a liveable plaza. Car noise has been replaced by children playing, cheerful conversations between neighbours or elderly people chess games … The transformation continues together with this flexible landscape capable of integrating new changes derived from urban testing and social innovation.

▼ 交通路口轴测图,axonometric drawing of traffic intersection © Leku Studio

 

灵活,模块化和自适应
Flexible, modular and adaptive

城市化中的新景观需要具备可逆性,自适应性和可循环性。基于此,设计团队在此次项目中构建了适应性城市家具,图形化指示系统(图案,标识,交流工具等),并研究了相应的布局策略。

The premise of the urbanization is the total reversibility, the adaptability and recycling of the new landscape. To this end, a strategy is designed incorporating a toolkit of adaptive urban furniture elements, a graphic style guide (patterns, signage, communication …) as well as a deployment methodology.

▼ 项目着眼于城市新景观的自适应性, project focuses on the adaptability of the new urban landscape © DEL RIO BANI

 

图形样式及标识 | Graphic style and signalling

项目中的图案,标识及彩色铺装被设计成可拓展的网格,成为场地的基础元素。网格同时也为项目中的图形变化及城市家具元素的排布方式提供了参考依据。新的图块可沿着网格,为道路重新划分空间。

The graphic language, the signage and the colour map are defined as well as the module that, as an extendable mesh, draws the basis of the new distribution. This serves as a guide and reference for the implementation of the graphic pattern and the arrangement of urban elements. The new graphic tile extends along the mesh settling and redistributing the spaces on the road.

▼ 地面图案设计为可拓展的网格,为空间划分提供参照,ground pattern is designed as an expandable mesh to provide a reference for space division © DEL RIO BANI

▼ 图案细节,detail of the pattern © DEL RIO BANI

 

自适应城市家具组合 | Adaptive urban furniture toolkit

城市家具是依照图案网格设计而成,易于组合,相互叠加即可形成灵活的结构。这些装置中所使用的生态材料及其组合方式,对于整合及扩展城市中的绿色空间结构至关重要。

The toolkit is designed following the modulation established by the base mesh being easily aggregated and combinable with each other, giving rise to a large number of combinations. These sets are key for the integration and extension of urban green as well as for the structuring of spaces. The use of eco-materials as well as the integration project. 

▼ 城市家具组合成绿色空间,urban furniture combinations serve as green space © DEL RIO BANI

▼ 各式各样的城市家具,various urban furniture © DEL RIO BANI

▼ 平面图,plan © Leku Studio

Name of the project: Superblock of Sant Antoni
Architecture Studio: Leku Studio
Architects:Jokin Santiago, Marta Sola
Web: www.lekustudio.com
Client: Ayuntamiento de Barcelona

Year: 2019
Built area: 16.180m2
Location: Barcelona
Photography Credits: © DEL RIO BANI
Photography: http://delriobani.com/

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