俯瞰道路 | Overlooking the road
Puma Energy Corporate Headquarter is located on the Panamerican highway, passing through San Salvador. The new building, which is inserted between the existing commercial and industrial buildings that characterize this stretch of road with barely public profile, overlooks the road with a powerful cantilever taking part of the intensity of the traffic, showing its interior activity and acting as an innovative element of the urban landscape. The building consists of two superimposed and arranged crosswise blocks, interlacing solids and voids all around them. Thus, a progressive sequence of compressions and expansions arranges and qualifies the circulation and access areas.
尺度的序列 | Sequence of scales
From the street, it is possible to access the plot through the interior street, and through the front gardens, and then to an entrance hall. This area of spatial compression acts by adjusting the scale to the user one, in such a way that the entrance to the building occurs through a more secluded area. The part in the back of the plot is dedicated to the parking area, which is located between the pillars and screens of the building. This space, far from being a residual area of the project, takes on special relevance since it is strongly characterized by the expressive structure that covers it and the green areas that surround it.
▼内部街道和入口都是适合一个人高的尺度，the interior road and the entry space are designed for the height of a person
▼集中表现结构的一个区域，a space that characterized by its structure
▼入口前的花园，the front garden before entering to the building
内部和外部的关系 | Inner and outer relations
Continuous and transparent areas are planned thanks to the concentration of horizontal seismic forces in a few massive walls. Two different kinds of relations with the surrounding have been distinguished. On one hand the lower block defines a space that establishes punctual relations with the exterior and it is defined by walls with buttresses that support the roof slab. This configuration allows having continuous linear skylights parallel to the walls between buttresses, where the light enters. At this level, the accesses and the programme for external visits are resolved. A vertical void connects both blocks at their intersection allowing visual relations between different levels and programs. Here, the light is vertical and comes from skylights on deck in contrast to the horizontal spatiality of the open office area located in the upper level. The upper block houses the offices and collective uses. Structurally, this block is resolved by two parallel longitudinal gantries that make up two overhangs on opposite ends, and perpendicular beams to the same. This piece emphasizes the horizontality and is connected to the horizon through a screen of steel sunshades, which also act as inverted curtain wall supports.
▼入口处连接上下两个体量的纵向空间，the vertical space that connects the lower and upper volume
▼二层的办公空间，the office space at the second floor
▼顶部连续的天窗，the continuous skylights
露台向着绿植，阳台向着火山 | Terrace towards the greenery. Balcony towards the volcano
The sunshades are homogenous throughout the longitudinal façades facing east and west. These mullions are thick and dense to avoid the horizontal sunlight of the first and last hours of the day. To the south the screen made of sunshades disappears and the glazed enclosure is recessed from the concrete structure border generating an outdoor terrace related to the greenery, while to the north, the glazed enclosure exceeds the limits of the concrete, and a vantage is projected over the road offering views of the volcano of the city.
▼东西立面的密度较大且比较宽的窗竖挡用作遮阳幕帘，the thick and dense mullions work as sunshade screen on the west and east facade
▼有效遮挡早晚角度较低的东西向阳光，effectively blocks the sunlight during the first and last hours of the day
▼玻璃闭合结构嵌入水泥结构的内部，从而产生了一个面向绿植的露台；the glazed enclosure is recessed from the concrete structure border generating an outdoor terrace related to the greenery
▼玻璃闭合结构则伸出水泥的边界之外，投射出在道路之上的一个可观赏城市火山的视点 ；the glazed enclosure exceeds the limits of the concrete, and a vantage is projected over the road offering views of the volcano of the city
地点：LA LIBERTAD，EL SALVADOR
建筑公司：RUIZ PARDO – NEBREDA www.ruizpardo-nebreda.com
建筑师：MARCELO RUIZ PARDO，SONIA NEBREDA
贡献者：ARTURO ALBERQUILLA，ALEJANDRA M. DE LA RIVA，LORETO MORENO，JAVIER E. LECUMBERRI，LUIS PANCORBO，INÉSMARTÍN
承包商：CASTANEDA INGENIEROS S.A DE C.V.
发起人：PUMA ENERGY S.A. de C.V.
Location：LA LIBERTAD, EL SALVADOR
Arquitecture Firm：RUIZ PARDO – NEBREDA
Architects in Charge：MARCELO RUIZ PARDO, SONIA NEBREDA
Contributors：ARTURO ALBERQUILLA, ALEJANDRA M. DE LA RIVA, LORETO MORENO, JAVIER E. LECUMBERRI, LUIS PANCORBO, INÉS MARTÍN
Consultants：MECANISMO, JG INGENIEROS, ARUP, JMIA
Contractor：CASTANEDA INGENIEROS S.A DE C.V.
Promoter：PUMA ENERGY S.A. de C.V.