Lake Joseph Cottage by VFA Architecture + Design

Modern lifestyle with honouring and respecting cultural and natural landscape

Project Specs

Location:
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为适应场地条件及功能需求,木屋旨在寻找一种替代“更大更好”趋势的设计方案。由此产生的一系列深深嵌入到当地景观中的低矮体量,提供了满足21世纪四季所需的生活环境及舒适的空间,同时尊重并延续了马斯科卡在地的传统文化和自然景观。

▼项目概览,overview

Responsive to both site conditions and programmatic needs, the cottage was an exercise in finding an alternative to the “bigger is better” trend that is currently dominating cottage design. The resulting form – a series of low-slung volumes deeply embedded into the landscape – provides all the needs and comforts of all-season, 21st century living while honouring and respecting Muskoka’s cultural and natural landscape.

▼深深嵌入到当地景观中的低矮体量,a series of low-slung volumes deeply embedded into the landscape

自19世纪60年代早期始,马斯科卡地区就成为了在安大略省居住的数千上万名居民夏季旅游的首选胜地,故而在该地区的16000个湖泊中积累了超过100多年的休闲建筑类型。这些建筑从简陋的小木屋到华丽的维多利亚式避暑别墅,不但记录了当地重要的地区历史,还深深地融入到了马斯科卡的文化景观中。

Since the early 1860s Ontario’s Muskoka region has been an important summer tourism destination for thousands of city-dwelling Ontarians, resulting in a rich accumulation of over 100 years of recreational architecture among the region’s 16,000 lakes. These cottages, ranging from modest log cabins to ornate Victorian summer homes, capture an important regional history and are deeply embedded into Muskoka’s cultural landscape.

▼入口处,the entrance

▼走廊,passageway

在过去的十年中,马斯科卡的建筑类型有了新的发展,其急剧变化的特征及规模极有可能侵蚀该地区的独特风貌。曾经隐蔽在该地区丘陵海岸上的简陋建筑被目前超大尺度的麦克豪宅所取代,这些超大型的休闲住宅与马斯科卡的个性几乎毫无关联。这种现象在约瑟夫湖附近尤为严重,该地已经成为当地及全球社会名流聚集的国际目的地。约瑟夫湖木屋试图为超大型的麦克豪宅提供一种替代性方案,既可满足21世纪一年四季全天候的生活所需和舒适度,又尊重并延续马斯科卡地区丰富的文化和自然景观。

The past decade has seen the development of a new chapter in Muskoka’s architectural history – one characterized by a dramatic shift in scale that threatens to erode the region’s unique character. The once humble and unobtrusive structures tucked into the hilly shores of the region are now being replaced by supersized McMansions –oversized recreational residences that speak little to the Muskoka’s character. This phenomena is particularly acute on Lake Joseph which has become an international destination for local and global celebrities. Lake Joseph Cottage seeks to provide a contemporary alternative to the supersized McCottage – one that addresses all the needs and comforts of all-season, 21st century living while honouring and respecting Muskoka’s rich cultural and natural landscapes.

▼约瑟夫湖木屋尊重并延续马斯科卡地区丰富的文化和自然景观,Lake Joseph Cottage honours and respects Muskoka’s rich cultural and natural landscapes

木屋的布局紧密结合了包括地形、日照、植被和现有景观在内的当地自然环境条件,以及对家居生活品质需求的深入理解,最终形成的一系列低矮的体块深深嵌入到场地之中,由三组富有表现力的分别朝南和朝西的伸出宽檐悬挑的屋顶统一起来。

▼朝南和朝西的伸出宽檐悬挑的屋顶,a trio of formally expressive roofs with generous overhangs towards the south and west facades

The cottage’s massing is guided by a profound understanding of local site conditions – including topography, solar orientation, vegetation, and existing views – as well as a comprehensive understanding of the family’s programmatic needs. The resulting form is a series of low-slung volumes deeply embedded into the site unifed by a trio of formally expressive roofs with generous overhangs towards the south and west facades.

▼起居室和餐厅,living room & dining hall

为了在景观上实现最小的占地面积,木屋设计了许多预制功能以帮助用户体验舒适的生活环境,同时尽量减少对机械系统的依赖。设计策略性地设置了门窗开口以鼓励自然通风,而典雅质朴的外墙立面几乎无需维护。通过充分利用现有场地条件来减少对场地的影响,避免地形的急剧改变,由此产生的木屋为当前关于如何设计小型别墅做出了重要贡献,使我们能在不破坏自然生态的同时享受加拿大独特的荒野之美。

▼门窗开口以鼓励自然通风,strategically located openings to encourage natural ventilation

▼室内细部,interior details

In an effort to achieve the softest footprint possible on the landscape, the cottage has been designed with a number of passive features which help achieve user comfort while minimizing the need of mechanical systems – including strategically located openings to encourage natural ventilation and a striking naturally-preserved facade that is practically maintenance free. Attention has also been paid to reducing impact on site by avoiding drastic changes to topography and making the most of existing site conditions. The resulting cottage provides a significant contribution to the current dialogue on how to design cottages which allow us to enjoy Canada’s unique wilderness without undermining the natural beauty we seek to enjoy.

▼典雅质朴的外墙立面几乎无需维护, a striking naturally-preserved facade that is practically maintenance free

▼存放区域,storage space

▼壁炉,fire space

▼夜景,night view

▼分析图,axon

Credits
Location: Muskoka, ON
Status: Complete
Year of Completion:2017
Type: Residential, New Build, Interior Design
Structural Engineer: Blackwell
Mechanical Engineer: HVAC Elite
Contruction Management: Mazenga Building Group
Photography: Scott Norsworthy (winter), Cindy Blazevic (summer)

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