Appreciation towards du Besset-Lyon Architectes for providing the following description:
photographer : Axel Dahl
The task was to transform a sanatorium, built in 1930’s, into a School of Architecture. The Sanatorium is a perfect example of functional architecture, and it has to change radically its function. In order to preserve the rational spirit of the existing building and to create a model of a coherent architecture for the future students, our project becomes a pure reconversion: we restated the main architectural concept of the Sanatorium.
1 – 原本整座建筑独立于广阔的风景之外。建筑师重塑了建筑与自然之间的关系。自然重新获得统一性，将建筑包围起来，并与景观连为一体。
2 – 在1930年代，疗养院是将患者隔离起来。现在它要能承载一些社会活动。必要的学生聚会可于入口大厅处进行。
3 – 良好的光照是疗养院必要的条件，主要的房间都是南向。建筑师抓住这一特点，将主入口设置在北立面，通过巨大的反光镜，将其照亮，同时也将周围明亮的景观反射进来。水平的交通空间放在建筑的南侧，避免阳光直接照射室内，起到一定的隔热作用。
4 – 窄而长的建筑体量成为可利用的特点之一。沿着南侧长长的走廊，可以全幅地观赏上周边的美景。
5 – 建筑必须符合严格的防火和防震规范。用钢结构对原先的砖混结构进行加固。在建筑的南侧设置消防通道，同时也平衡了建筑与花园之间的关系。
The project consists of 5 points:
1 – The building is isolated in a vast landscape. This ideal relationship between construction and nature is restated. Nature regains its unity, it surrounds the building and, linked to the landscape, it acquires a territorial dimension.
2 – At times, the sanatorium isolated the patients; today, it hosts social activities. The essential student gatherings are located on the ground floor in connected spaces.
3 – The sun was the reason of existence of the sanatorium that was oriented towards the south. We interpreted this distinctive feature: The main entry, situated on the North façade is no longer considered as a back shadowy side of the South façade. It receives the sun thanks to a monumental mirror that reflects the illuminated landscape. On each level, the horizontal circulation is placed on the South side of the building and serves as a thermal barrier protecting the studios from the sunlight.
4 – The narrowness of the building becomes of a use. On each level the main circulation is placed along the South side of the building. One can enjoy an exceptionally open panoramic view taking the long walkway.
5 – The sanatorium is a rational architecture that had to be adapted to the actual fire and seismic regulations. The existing structure in masonry has been doubled for seismic reasons by a substantial steel structure. The fire security passage runs along southern façade and coordinates the relationship between the building and the terrace garden.
▽南立面，view to the south façade
▽建筑与南侧花园的关系，building and garden to the south
▽北立面入口，the entrance on the north façade