Tractiestations Brabo 2 – Tjalkstraat Station, Luchtbal Station and Sraatburgburg Station by Van Belle & Medina Architects

Contemporary and timeless objects creating new dialogue with the city

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比利时公共交通公司De Lijn委托建筑师设计三座有轨电车车站,同时也是三栋电力小屋,为安特卫普北部电车线路提供电能。三座车站分布在从安特卫普Rooseveltplaats到Luchtbal和Eilandje地区的不同位置上。

The assignment consists of the design of three tram traction stations and was commissioned by De Lijn, the public transport company of Belgium. The three electrical cabins provide power to the new tram line in the north of Antwerp. The three different locations take part of a larger whole: “Brabo2: the new tram line from Rooseveltplaats Antwerp to Luchtbal and the Eilandje area”.

Luchtba车站外观,external view of Luchtba Station ©Stijn Bollaert

Tjalkstraat车站外观,external view of Tjalkstraat Station ©Stijn Bollaert

Strasbourg车站外观,external view of Strasbourg Station ©Maxime Delvaux

一座车站位于Luchtbal住宅区Noorderlaan大道边的小公园中;另一座位于Tjalkstraat的桥下,与巴士停车场相邻;最后一座与扎哈·哈迪德设计的Port House隔街相望。三个设计分别利用所在地区的不同特征,形成了三栋不同的建筑,满足各自的环境和技术需求。

车站的设计考虑到了其所处的城市和景观环境。基地的复杂性与基础设施共存,形成了三座互不相同的构筑物,展现出不同的建筑特征与城市内涵。三个展馆成为了城市肌理的一部分,它们的形式和外观重塑了建筑、基础设施和自然之间的对话。每栋建筑的选位都最大程度保证了周边使用的自由,尊重四周的景观元素,并将其纳入建筑规划的考量之中。

The three different locations and technical requirements give as a result three different buildings, by making use of every particular setting; in a small park on Noorderlaan in the Luchtbal residential area, under a bridge next to a bus park in Tjalkstraat, and on the cross roads opposite of Zaha Hadid’s Port House.

The stations are designed taking into account the urban and landscape qualities of its context. The symbiosis between site complexity and infrastructure, gives as a result three different objects with three different architectural identities and urban meaning. The pavilions become part of the urban fabric, and their form and expression recreate the dialogue between architecture, infrastructure, and nature. Every building is positioned on the site in order to give enough freedom of use around it, respecting the surrounding landscape elements and including them into the planning organization of the buildings.

Luchtba车站总平面图,site plan of Luchtba Station ©Van Belle & Medina Architects

Tjalkstraat车站总平面图,site plan of Tjalkstraat Station ©Van Belle & Medina Architects

Strasbourg车站总平面图,site plan of Strasbourg Station ©Van Belle & Medina Architects

每座车站建筑不仅容纳了相应的技术设备,丰富的砖砌外观还将它们转化成了展馆,为不同的城市空间带去诗意。项目让城市的叙事更加丰满,创造了前所未有的景观视野。建筑师在其中尝试了不同的可持续技术,探索建筑学科所代表的新边界。

The particular architecture of every of the three buildings does more than to house technical installations. Their voluptuous brick forms transform them into pavilions, introducing poetry into the different and difficult urban sites. The project contributes to an urban narrative, creating unprecedented views of the landscape, examining what sustainability means and exploring the boundaries of what the architectural discipline stands for.

▼Luchtbal车站,与自然环境融为一体,Luchtbal Station adapted to the natural environment ©Stijn Bollaert

Luchtbal地区是城市绿廊的一部分,由建筑群围合。车站被设计成了一座花园凉亭,丰富公园结构的同时提升环境品质,在人与人之间建立视觉联系,增加社会的活力。设有弧形开口的墙体在公园中围合出了一片圆形空间,其中包含了电站、保留树木和雕塑。

The Luchtbal area is part of a green corridor bounded by a constellation of buildings. The station is conceived as a garden pavilion to add structure and quality to the park, creating visual relationships and activating social dynamism. A wall with arched openings marks out a circle in the park which, in a single gesture, contains the cabin, the existing trees and sculpture.

▼Luchtbal车站外观,位于公园中,external view of Luchtbal Station located in a park ©Stijn Bollaert

▼建筑由带弧形开口的墙面围合而成,the building is enclosed by a wall with curved openings ©Stijn Bollaert

▼树木从车站建筑中穿过,trees grew in the station building ©Stijn Bollaert

▼材料细部,material details ©Stijn Bollaert

Tjalkstraat车站位于Noorderlaan大道的斜坡上,如同一面砖制的石墙,上设三个半圆形凹室,为每个等待电车的人提供荫蔽,让人想起一百年前设计的那些充满人文关怀的公共基础设施。

The Tjalkstraat station is located on the slope of the Noorderlaan, and it is conceived like a masonry wall of bricks with three semicircular recesses. This gesture provides an inviting shelter to anyone who is waiting for the tram. The building remembers us to the great care that public infrastructural interventions where designed a century ago.

▼Tjalkstraa车站,位于桥下,一侧与道路相连,Tjalkstraa Station under the bridge and facing the road ©Stijn Bollaert

▼车站墙面上设有半圆形凹室,station with semicircular recesses on the wall ©Stijn Bollaert

▼凹室为人们提供荫蔽,recesses providing shelters for people ©Stijn Bollaert

▼立面细部,closer view to the facade ©Stijn Bollaert

Strasbourg大桥车站位于扎哈·哈迪德设计的Port House东侧,是一个供人休息和欣赏Port House,Kattendijkdok码头以及Albert运河的空间。平面设计遵循电车轨道的走向,两座楼梯可以将游客带到屋顶。建筑如同一个小小的停泊点,隐秘而不失机智地对Port House这件大师作品做出了自己的回应。

The Strasbourg Bridge station is located to the east of the new Port House designed by Zaha Hadid, and it is conceived as a place to take rest and lookout to the Port House, the Kattendijkdok, and the Albert Canal. The plan is developed following the trace of the tram loop, incorporating two staircases which lift the visitor to the roof level. Like a small mooring post, the building offers a subtle and not unironic riposte to the dominant architecture of the Port House.

▼Strasbourg车站外观,外形遵循轨道走向,external view of Strasbourg Station following the trace of the tram loop ©Maxime Delvaux

▼车站与扎哈设计的Port House, view to the Port House designed by Zaha Hadid from the station ©Maxime Delvaux

▼立面细部,closer view to the facade ©Maxime Delvaux

尽管设计的整体概念是让每栋建筑的体量适应并符合其所处环境和基础设施要求,但是为了实现体量上的区分,建筑师利用材料展现了三栋建筑之间的联系。车站采用相同的砖材,看上去属于同一个系列,但是有着不同的构造和城市品质。在材料的使用上,三个车站各具特色,分别展现了不同的石材连接、细节节点以及构造方式。

Although the generic concept is to adapt every volume to its specific context and infrastructural requirements, in order to achieve different volumetric results, the relationship established between the three buildings is stablished by its materiality. They are made with the same brick, in a way that they look all to be part of the same family but with different architectonical and urban qualities. This material will be applied in a different and special ways each time, using different masonry bonds, details and tectonics.

▼不同车站的砖砌细部,details of the brick tectonics in different stations ©Van Belle & Medina Architects

▼材料细部,同种材料不同构造,material details, using the same brick in different ways ©上:Stijn Bollaert,下:Van Belle & Medina Architects

设计的目标是实现一定程度的连贯性,创造出既当代又永恒的建筑图景,并且与所处地区自然相连。项目希望塑造出最新的地标,吸引使用者和游客前来。

The aim is to achieve a certain coherence, an image that is contemporary and timeless at the same time, and that will instinctively belong to the location. The ambition of this project lies in forming an up-to-date image as a landmark for the user and the visitor.

▼Luchtbal车站平面图,plan of Luchtbal Station ©Van Belle & Medina Architects

▼Luchtbal车站立面图,elevations of Luchtbal Station ©Van Belle & Medina Architects

▼Luchtbal车站剖面图,section of Luchtbal Station ©Van Belle & Medina Architects

▼Tjalkstraa车站平面图,plan of Tjalkstraa Station ©Van Belle & Medina Architects

▼Tjalkstraa车站立面图,elevations of Tjalkstraa Station ©Van Belle & Medina Architects

 

▼Tjalkstraa车站剖面图,section of Tjalkstraa Station ©Van Belle & Medina Architects

▼Strasbourg车站平面图,plan of Strasbourg Station ©Van Belle & Medina Architects

▼Strasbourg车站立面图,elevations of Strasbourg Station ©Van Belle & Medina Architects

  

Project: 4 Tractiestations Brabo 2_ Tjalkstraat Station, Luchtbal Station and Sraatburgburg Station
Location: Antwerpen, België
Architect: Van Belle & Medina Architects bvba_Kurt Van Belle / Patricia Medina Prieto
Contact: Patricia Medina / p.medina@vanbellemedina.com
Client: Arcadis, De Lijn
Execution: DDS+
Date: Juni 2013 –  2020

PHOTO CREDITS
Project: 2 Tractiestations Brabo 2_Tjalkstraat Station and Luchtbal Station
Photographer: Stijn Bollaert | E: stijnbollaert@telenet.be T: +32 (0) 486 67 89 00
Project: 1 Tractiestation Brabo 2_Sraatburgburg Station
Photographer: Maxime Delvaux | E:maxdelv@gmail.com T: +32 (0) 472 42 79 42

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