Gloggnitz is a municipality with 6000 inhabitants. 80 km southwest of Vienna, it lies very picturesquely at the foot of the Rax in the Austrian Prealps. Gloggnitz is an industrial town and regional center, which like all rural communities must struggle with a dying village center. Therefore, the small town decided to bundle its 3 so far separate schools (elementary school, new middle school, special educational center) in the Schulgasse in an attractive, common new building and to strengthen so the location. 2015 the municipality announced a competition for a contemporary, future-capable school center, whose educational guidance motive is the co-operation, the exchange between pupils, teachers and parents, as well as the mutual support and assistance.
▼项目概览，general view ©David Boureau
The school center offers special teaching units: a music school, a training workshop equipped with workbenches, a well-equipped teaching kitchen, computer science and physics rooms and more. At the same time, the school opens to the city by hosting sports clubs, involving adult education and providing extra-curricular events.
▼首层平面图，ground floor plan ©DFA
The base of the school center symbolizes openness. It is completely glazed and thus permeable between inside and outside. The entrance is located close to the center in the north-west at a large public forecourt. The cantilevered first floor forms a wide canopy, which creates a weather-protected forecourt for the entrance area and literally pulls you inside. It forms the transition from the public outdoor area to the interior of the school.
▼学校中心外观，facade northwest ©Hertha Hurnaus
As soon as one enters the foyer, one notices the essential element of this complex design: three sports areas, as a generous 7.88-metre high, see-through volume, form the spatial and ideal center of the square floor plan.
▼剖面图A，section A ©DFA
▼入口层和运动场，entrance hall and the gym hall ©David Boureau
Skylight domes illuminate this open, central area with natural light, which is supported by a filigree, optimized, three-dimensional steel framework and spans 30 meters. The rooms adapted to the different activities – the common gymnasium, the gymnastics hall, the climbing wall – stretch over all levels, from its floor level in the basement to its roof terrace on the first floor. Their clearance forms the luminous center of the foyer: glass balustrades and fine tensioned cable mesh as safety and ball throwing nets generate a visually continuous open space. The sports areas are bordered on two sides by glazed seating tribunes. They turn the gymnasium, gymnastics hall and climbing wall into a scene.
▼首层核心区域包含了3个运动场地，a generous, see-through volume form the spatial and ideal center of the square floor plan ©David Boureau
▼中央空间由跨度为30米的立体钢框架支撑， the central area is supported by a filigree, optimized, three-dimensional steel framework and spans 30 meters ©David Boureau
▼体育场和看台两侧设有玻璃护栏，the sports areas are bordered on two sides by glazed seating tribunes ©David Boureau
The school center is very clearly structured. The ground floor is the public area: at the entrance are two cloakrooms located, all classes for practical teaching and special lessons are arranged in a ring around the clear space for sports and exercise. They are easily accessible for external use via the foyer or the side entrances. The vertical circulation – stairs and lift – are placed in the edges of the building. The stairs designed as emergency exits are normally open. In case of a fire the access doors close automatically.
▼更衣室，cloakroom ©David Boureau
▼首层实践教学区，teaching area on the ground floor ©David Boureau
▼音乐教室，music hall ©Hertha Hurnaus
▼图书室，library ©Hertha Hurnaus
▼教学厨房，teaching kitchen ©Hertha Hurnaus
▼交通空间，circulation ©David Boureau
▼二层教室，classes on the first floor ©David Boureau
▼室内细节，interior detailed view ©David Boureau
All classrooms for all three school types are located on a common level on the first floor. Their center is formed by the wooden roof terrace with prism-shaped skylight lanterns on the spacious volume of the sports areas. They provide a differentiated division of this large, common open space for all, which can also be used as an “open-air classroom”. Around this open courtyard, new school is organized according to the cluster concept: openable classrooms are grouped around a so-called “marketplace”, which merges into the open circulations. In this way, lessons can take place in an open space situation involving several classes. In that way, all areas become the setting for joint learning and living together across school types.
▼二层户外中庭，upper schoolyard ©David Boureau
▼从中庭望向教室，view to the school building from the yard ©David Boureau
The teacher and administration areas are located on the second floor, which as a slender transom of the façade over the main entrance in the north-west gives more height and thus weight to the building. All rooms for teaching staff and management are arranged along a transparent corridor and around an internal terrace in the southeast.
▼教师办公区，teacher and administration areas ©David Boureau
▼屋顶露台，second floor terrace ©Hertha Hurnaus
The calm, unobtrusive, wood-clad structure of the school building, which rests on a transparent base, offers an undreamt-of degree of spatial diversity, sports and further education opportunities. Its opening was a folk festival: the best prerequisites for it to become a permanent cultural hub for the community. And beyond that.
▼东北立面，facade northeast ©Hertha Hurnaus
▼场地平面图，site plan ©DFA
▼首层平面图，plan ground floor ©DFA
▼二层平面图，plan ground floor ©DFA
▼三层平面图，plan third floor ©DFA
▼剖面图B，section B ©DFA
Project : School Complex Gloggnitz
Address: Richtergasse 6, 2640 Gloggnitz/Niederösterreich, Austria
Architect: DFA | Dietmar Feichtinger Architectes
Architect Dipl.-Ing. Dietmar Feichtinger, mandataire
80, rue Edouard Vaillant 93100 Montreuil, France
Team site work: Pilz&Partner ZT GmbH
Engineers: Werkraum Wien Ingenieure
Other Planners: Building services planning & building physics: Bauklimatik GmbH
Electrical planning : Hross & Partner GmbH
Fire protection (SSI-CSSI) : ADSUM Brandschutz- & Sicherheitsconsult GmbH
Site area: 7 986m²
Floor area: 8594 m²
Start of construction: 06,2017
Completion: 08, 2019