John Puttick Associates has completed the refurbishment of Preston Bus Station, a celebrated Grade II listed Brutalist building designed by BDP and completed in 1969.
▼从汽车停车场看汽车站，view from bus parking square
▼入口广场看汽车站，view from entrance space
The entry points to the Bus Station have been consolidated, and a main entrance hall established to give spatial coherence to the building improving sense of orientation and flow. There has also been a change of emphasis from prioritising vehicle access, as was done in the 1960s, to a more contemporary arrangement which favours pedestrian access. In the future, passengers will enter the building with ease at ground level using the generous public square at the foreground of the Station. This space was formerly a bus park area and had unsightly barriers to create safe routes to the building as passengers did not want to use the original 1960s underground subways that were eventually closed in 2017.
▼入口大厅和车站前广场，entrance hall and public square
The exterior of the building has had some changes in addition to required maintenance works. These include replacing the concourse level glazing throughout by removing the original glass and its framing and replacing these with mullions of the same profile to maintain the original aesthetic. The timber framed doors on the ground floor facade have been replaced with bronze coloured anodised aluminium framed doors that are similar in tone to the wood that was used previously while allowing for automation. The façade is animated by a continuous back-lit horizontal band internally which has now been bought back to life and by three-dimensional external signage, again in keeping with the 1960s design.
▼连续水平背光带让立面恢复生机，continuous back-lit horizontal band
From an urbanistic perspective, John Puttick Associates has arranged the building so that its West side with a new seating and waiting area faces the public square which when completed in 2019 will also improve a sense of connection with the city centre. The East side is devoted to the bus gates. At the core of the building are the information centre, cafe, shops and other facilities including the bus company offices. A dedicated part of the station now serves long distance coaches on a 24-hour basis. This has been designed to function as a stand-alone entity by separating it with glass screens when the rest of the station is closed.
▼24小时长途巴士服务区设计为单独体块，stand-alone entity for long distance coaches on a 24-hour basis
In order to reinstate the powerful original design, John Puttick Associates has pared down the interior and returned features to their original material and colour palette. Overall existing elements have been carefully restored, many of which were in good condition but had been compromised due to visual clutter within the building.
▼恢复原有材料颜色，室内环境做减法，returned features to their original material and colour palette
John Puttick Associates has made the most of original materials and fittings wherever possible. The architects have designed Iroko benches from the bus gate dividers left over as part of the reorganisation of the space. The same timber has also been used at the information point reception desk, bringing tactile warmth to areas frequently touched. The original curved benches have been restored. The original clocks and rubber flooring by Pirelli are still in place.
▼最大可能地利用原始材料和装置，remain most of original materials and fittings wherever possible
▼采用与Iroko长椅相同材料的问讯处，information desk used the same material of Iroko bench
▼原有的钟表被保留下来，original clocks remain in the same space
New elements are in keeping with the spirit of the 1960s design. For example, the signage is designed in orange and black colours that reflect the ones first used at the station whilst also reintroducing the British Rail type face which was originally used throughout. All the timber panel work in the building has been returned to its original dark grey. The surface mounted lights have been replaced, reinstating the original discrete up lighting that reflects from the concrete soffit which has been cleaned as part of the refurbishment works. Larger interventions – such as the new information and administrative area – have been detailed in the utilitarian spirit of the original building while clearly being of the present.
▼木制门框替换为同样颜色的铝制门框， bronze coloured anodised aluminium framed door
▼橙色和黑色车站标识，orange and black signage
John Puttick建筑事务所与The Twentieth Century Society紧密合作，商榷修复具有重要历史特征的Preston汽车站的措施。设计的首要的任务是确保车站足够坚固，能够提供10000人次/周的服务并且为旅客提供愉悦体验的同时保留车站重要的地标特征。在修复扩建过程中，Preston汽车站仍在保持运行。明年，John Puttick建筑事务所将完成在其邻近位置面积为2600平方米的Youth Zone建筑工程。
John Puttick Associates worked closely with The Twentieth Century Society to determine the approach to the restoration of historically significant features of Preston Bus Station. The overarching objective has been to ensure the Bus Station is robust enough to service 10 000 departures per week whilst creating an uplifting experience for passengers and preserving the important landmark status of the building. Preston Bus Station has remained in operation throughout the building works. Next year sees the completion of the adjacent new build 2600 square metre Youth Zone building also by John Puttick Associates.
▼保持原有粗野的历史特征，preserve the important landmark status of the building
车站属Lancashire市议会所有，市议会于2015年英国皇家建筑师协会举办竞赛后，任命John Puttick建筑事务所负责车站修护和扩建工程。John Puttick说：“非常荣幸能够参与像Preston汽车站这样一个对旅客充满友好姿态的的项目。它外在的尺度很大并富有纪念性但内部却非常人性化。我们的目标在于恢复车站有效运行模式同时以富有敏感度的细节提供建筑人性化的尺度。在建筑最繁忙的时候，旅客仍然可以感受到其效率和人性化，这使得车站成为一个充满庄重感的地方。”
The Station is owned by Lancashire City Council who appointed John Puttick Associates in 2015 to refurbish and extend building as the result of an architectural competition organised by the Royal Institute of British Architects. John Puttick says, “It has been a privilege to work on a project that celebrates passenger experience in the way Preston Bus Station did when it opened. Its scale and monumentality are well known but inside the building one appreciates the way it welcomed people. Our goal has been to bring back the clarity of movement achieved in the original design, as well as the sensitive details which bring a human scale to the building. These qualities are tangible even when the Station is at its busiest making it a dignified place to be.”
Twentieth Century Society的高级顾问Claire Price评价说：“The Twentieth Century Society与设计团队详细商讨，以确保Preston汽车站这座保护建筑未来的样子。协会称赞设计团队在修复中非常注重细节，并且仔细的考虑了新Youth Zone对于保护建筑的影响。”
Claire Price, Senior Conservation Adviser, Twentieth Century Society, says, “The Twentieth Century Society have been involved in detailed consultations with the design team to ensure a secure future for the listed Preston Bus Station. The Society commends the team’s attention to detail in the Bus Station refurbishment and careful consideration of the impact of the new Youth Zone on the setting of the listed building.”
Architect (concourse refurbishment):
John Puttick Associates
Architect (car park & retail): Cassidy & Ashton
Lancashire County Council Highways Department
Engineers: Skelly & Couch
Cassidy & Ashton
Fire Engineering & Inclusive Design: Buro Happold
Conlon Construction (Bus Station refurbishment)
Engie (Public Realm & Youth Zone)