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Appreciation towards Serie Architects + Multiply Architects for providing the following description:
Nearly two years after the topping-out ceremony officiated by The Honourable Chief Justice Sundaresh Menon, the new State Courts towers standing at 1 Havelock Square today is fully operational, and is the tallest government building in Singapore to date. The new State Courts towers was designed by Serie + Multiply Consultants Pte Ltd, winner of a public two-stage open design competition organised by the State Courts in 2011. The project was developed and completed in collaboration with CPG Consultants Pte Ltd which is the Principal Consultant and Architect.
▼建筑概览，Exterior view © Finbarr Fallon
英国Serie Architects负责人Christopher Lee表示：“城市与市政建筑之间的关系是该项目所关注的重点。新国家法院大楼应当是一座向公众开放且具有象征意义的建筑。它的设计语言来自于其所在城市中的典型建筑，因而会给市民留下既熟悉又崭新的印象。”
Courtroom complexes are typically designed in a conservative manner partly due to complex circulation requirements to keep the judges, persons-in-custody, and the public separate.
Christopher Lee, Principal at Serie Architects, UK comments, “The relationship between the city and its civic buildings was our primary interest for this project. The new State Courts towers should be a building that is symbolically open and accessible to the public. Its design language is drawn from the architecture typical of the city and hence is both familiar and surprisingly new to its citizens.”
▼入口门廊，The entrance porch © Finbarr Fallon
In contrast, the new State Courts towers have been designed to be highly open and visible to the public. This is achieved with two architectural strategies. First, the building is split into two slender towers connected by link bridges. The front tower accommodates courtrooms and the back tower the judges’ chambers and staff’s offices. This architectural move not only brings light deep into the building but helps keep the circulation of the judges, persons-in-custody, and the public separate.
▼建筑被分为两个细长的体量，并通过连桥贯通 © Finbarr Fallon
The building is split into two slender towers connected by link bridges
▼连桥外部近景，Exterior view towards the link bridges © Finbarr Fallon
▼从两座体量之间望向连桥 © Khoogj
View towards the link bridges between the two volumes
The second strategy is to place the courtroom boxes onto large open “court trays”. These trays are not only of different heights to fit courtrooms of different sizes, but also completely open – there is no glazed facade around the tower. Instead, each tray accommodates a lushly planted garden terrace that filters the tropical sun and allows views out over the city. The court tower as a result appears light, open, and welcoming.
▼法院大楼的外墙，Facade of new State Courts towers © Finbarr Fallon
▼入口鸟瞰，Aerial view to the entrance © Khoogj
The courtrooms themselves are clad in tall pigmented pre-cast panels measuring 5 to 12 metres in height, inspired by the colours and textures of the tiled roofs in the adjacent, historic Chinatown shophouses. The intention is to bring together two typical forms of architecture from the immediate area, namely the high-rise and the shophouses into a single frame so that the new building is at once familiar and yet excitingly new.
▼彩色预制板饰面呼应了附近唐人街店铺的瓦屋顶的颜色和纹理，Terracotta roofs of shop houses in Chinatown, adjacent to the new State Court towers © Finbarr Fallon
▼花园露台，garden terrace © Khoogj
▼预制板墙面细部，wall details © Khoogj
The office tower which houses working spaces is expressed as a thin and elegant slab tower. The facade features an expanding and contracting grid. Vertically, the grid contracts where the service core is located and expands where light and views are required in the middle. The modulation of the horizontal grids draws the eye across the facade and towards the sky, giving a clean and absolute form and a sense of playful rhythm.
▼办公楼的外立面被疏密有致的网格覆盖 © Finbarr Fallon
The facade of the office tower features an expanding and contracting grid
▼网格塑造出干净纯粹的形式和富有意趣的韵律感 © Khoogj
The modulation of the horizontal grids gives a clean and absolute form and a sense of playful rhythm
An entrance canopy was built for the new State Courts towers which opens up the site to the surrounding context and creates two entrances, the entrance from Havelock Square and Upper Cross Street.
▼立面细节，Facade detailed view © Khoogj
▼轴测示意图，Illustration © CPG Consultants
Commenting on the intricacies of court planning, Colin Wu, Lead Architect and Senior Vice President of CPG Consultants said, “CPG has historically designed and constructed many of Singapore’s present court buildings, such as the Supreme Court and Family Justice Courts. Our familiarity in court complex design and planning in Singapore helped us in designing the programmatic spaces, operations, and security requirements for this first, high-rise court complex. Our aim in this project was to ensure there is clear segregation in the programming of the three primary user groups, the judges, persons-in-custody, and the public.”
The site for the new State Courts towers is also smaller, meaning that vertical court towers, as compared to a more common, horizontal layout would have to be planned. This posed a challenge, as careful planning and stacking of the 53 courtrooms and 54 hearing chambers, is necessary to ensure that court operations will be in no way hindered. One of the successful outcomes was the simplicity in the vertical stacking of its programmes and circulation that made wayfinding easy for the public.
▼法庭大楼首层大厅，courtroom lobby © Khoogj
Courtrooms with pre-cast panels inspired by terracotta roofs © Khoogj
▼法庭内部，courtroom interior view © Khoogj
As a modern and IT-enabled courthouse, the complex also took on various smart building features like facial recognition and automation of various building management processes related to security and, mechanical and electrical systems. Other IT or web-enabled services introduced include video-conferencing facilities and interactive self-service kiosks. In addition, as a modern courthouse, a universal design approach was adopted to ensure that it is user-friendly to the judges, persons in custody and the public, for example in providing assistive listening systems for court attendees and in all its courtrooms, digital wayfinding through the use of apps, child- minding facility, etc.
▼法院大楼与周边环境 © Finbarr Fallon
The new State Courts towers and its surroundings
The State Courts towers is also an environmentally sustainable building, with innovative green building features incorporated in its design, such as solar panels and condensate water recovery systems. It was awarded the BCA Green Mark Platinum award in 2018.
▼夜景，night view © Finbarr Fallon
▼场地平面图，site plan © Serie Architects
▼主立面，Front elevation © Serie Architects
Building Type: Judiciary / Courthouse
Name of Client: State Courts
Year of Completion: 2019
Operation Start Date: 2019
Gross Floor Area: 113,000 sqm
Design Consultant: Serie+Multiply Architects Pte. Ltd
Principal Consultant and Architect: CPG Consultants Pte. Ltd
Civil & Structural Engineering: CPG Consultants Pte. Ltd
Mechanical & Electrical Engineering: CPG Consultants Pte. Ltd
Quantity Surveyor: CPG Consultants Pte. Ltd
Project Management: PM Link Pte. Ltd
Facade Consultants: HCCH Consulting Pte. Ltd / Building Facade Grp
ID Consultant : SCA Design Pte.
Special Lighting: Ong & Ong Pte. Ltd
Landscape: Plantwerkz Pte. Ltd
Signage & Wayfinding: Square Peg Design
Acoustic & AV Systems: Alpha Acoustics Engineering Pte. Ltd
Environmental Sustainability Design Consultant: Surbana Int’l Consultants Pte. Ltd
Security & Blast: Certis Cisco Consulting Services Pte. Ltd