Grorud Park, Oslo by LINK landskap

The design integrates existing cultural and historical artefacts with new landscape experiences.

Project Specs

Design:
Location:
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非常感谢 LINK 将以下内容授权gooood发行。更多关于他们:LINK on gooood.
Appreciation towards LINK for providing the following description:

LINK景观事务所受奥斯陆市政府水利与污水部门聘请,为奥斯陆城区东部山谷地带Groruddalen修建公园。作为四个新修建的社区公园之一,Grorud公园内运动、游戏、少儿活动、社交娱乐和文化活动场地一应俱全,为当地来自不同社会阶层的居民们提供多样化的服务。除水利部门外,包括市民娱乐、规划、文化遗产管理等部门以及Grorud区域政府也都参与到了设计之中。在Alna河流保护区发展控制总体规划的指导下,整个规划与设计过程自2009年秋天起逐步展开。

Grorudparken (Grorud Park) is one of four new neighbourhood parks in Groruddalen. The park introduces facilities for athletics, play, recreation, youth programmes, social interaction, and cultural activities for the diverse local population. LINK Landskap was the project Landscape Architect, under commission from Oslo Municipality’s Department of Water and Sewage. However, several other municipal departments were also involved in the project – The Department of Recreation, The Planning Office, The Office of Cultural Heritage Management, and the District of Grorud. Planning and design work for the park began in the autumn of 2009, based on recommendations contained within the Development Control Plan for Alna Reserve (KDP Alna Miljøpark).

▼ 俯瞰公园空间,overlooking the park

001-Grorud Park by LINK landskap

延绵数里的Grorud公园创造了一条连接森林与河谷的景观与休闲廊道,串联起Grorudparken,Leirfossen瀑布和Hølakøkka等数个节点,而位于谷底的河流Alna无疑是整体景观规划中的主角。蜿蜒的河流带来高品质的景观与空间体验,而间或出现的建筑又提醒着穿行其中的人们此处深厚的文化与历史沉淀,而同时精心设计的视觉廊道与步行路径保持着河流与城市的紧密关系。

The project establishes a continuous landscape and recreation corridor from Lillomarka, via Grorudparken, through to Leirfossen (waterfall) and Hølakøkka. The River Alna is the central element of the landscape master plan, which integrates existing cultural and historical artefacts with new landscape experiences, while also facilitating greater visual and physical access to the river itself.

▼ 多样化的滨水空间,divers waterfront experiences

003-Grorud Park by LINK landskap

002-Grorud Park by LINK landskap

004-Grorud Park by LINK landskap

005-Grorud Park by LINK landskap

技术是本次设计最大的难关。在设计过程中,蓄洪、暴雨管理、过滤来自Kalbakkveien大街与4号高速公路的地表径流,以及清理Grorud大坝附近受污染的下层土壤,一个又一个的技术难题在经过细致的讨论后被逐一克服。而在关于暴雨管理、水利、电力与地质的问题上,LINK的景观团队得到了来自Multiconsult顾问公司的全力支持。

The project was technically challenging. Issues relating to flood mitigation, stormwater management and cleansing of runoff from Kalbakkveien and rv.4, together with cleansing polluted sub-surface materials adjacent to Groruddammen (Grorud Dam) were critical throughout the design process. LINK Landskap cooperated with Multiconsult regarding stormwater management, hydrology, electrics, and geology.

▼ 雨水管理措施,stormwater management

006-Grorud Park by LINK landskap     007-Grorud Park by LINK landskap

为了保证公园空间在夜间的可达性以及使用人群的安全,LINK与ÅF灯光公司合作为项目量身定制了一套灯光概念设计。丰富而多变的灯光设计为项目增添了一抹令人惊艳的层次,也为公园空间带来了独树一帜的特色。而奥斯陆市政府各部门以及区域政府在设计阶段与施工阶段的参与和支持也为设计带来了一些意外之喜。

Accessibility and population safety placed significant demands on outdoor lighting within the project. LINK Landskap, in cooperation with ÅF Lighting, played a central role in the development of a site-specific lighting concept, which has created an exciting spatial dimension and identity for the park. Cooperation with the various municipal offices and city district was a significant part of the design and construction process, and the cooperation has yielded exciting results.

▼ 明亮的夜间灯光保证安全与可达性,lighting ensure the safery and accessibility of the site

008-Grorud Park by LINK landskap

010-Grorud Park by LINK landskap

▼ 针对水岸、桥梁、桥洞等不同使用空间的不同照明设计,different site-specific lighting concepts for waterfront, pedestrian bridge and archway

009-Grorud Park by LINK landskap

012-Grorud Park by LINK landskap

011-Grorud Park by LINK landskap     013-Grorud Park by LINK landskap

此外,景观设计团队通过利用多种土壤清理技术,使得Grorud大坝附近的水质状况有了质的提升。作为挪威境内的试点项目,LINK设计团队在设计中置入了植被修复系统,用植被在3-5年的时间段内,逐渐清理土壤中的污染物。这一技术使得土壤无需再被运送至他处进行清理,大大降低了产生的碳排放量。而沿Trondheimsveien路以及周边区域的雨水将经过生物净化池的处理后,再排放至Alna河流域以及Grorud大坝区域。项目的落成显著提高了区域内水源的品质。

Improvement of water quality in Groruddammen through various soil cleansing techniques, was also a central part of LINK Landskap’s role. The project is a pilot project in Norway and incorporates phytoremediation (a 3 to 5 year process by which soil pollutants are bound to vegetation), reducing carbon emissions associated with transporting soil for off-site remediation. Stormwater from Trondheimsveien and surrounding areas is cleaned within bioremediation ponds before it is released into the River Alna and Groruddammen. Water quality has improved significantly, as a direct result of the project’s completion.

▼ 总平面图,overall plan

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▼ 平面图,plan

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▼ 剖面,section

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Image credits goes to: Tomasz Majewski / Mads Erling Amundsen / Clements Hundven Photography

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