“Q-Village Theatre” was a design work of the Tongji University team participating in the “ Third International University Construction Competition in 2018”. In the context of the rural revitalization of the national strategy, the competition was held in Xia Mutang Village, Wan’an County, Jiangxi Province. With the theme of “Q-Village”, it was intended to think about how to “make the country more interesting”, using acupuncture techniques, and the whole village was inspired by design.
▼剧场外观，external view of the theater
▼剧场中的不同活动策划，various activities in the theater
The team of Tongji University started from the planning concept of the open-air small theater. The base selected the public space that can be overlooked in the distant fields but was not used due to lack of public facilities. The classic architectural space prototype of the theater was used as the “interesting point” to trigger the rural public life. It explored the spatial patterns of the theater and the various possible types of rural public behavior effects to stimulate the potential of rural public life and communication. With the acousto-optic design, the theater’s unique spatial mode can plan or spontaneously form a variety of functions, resulting in multi-functional composite spaces such as performances, games, parties, screenings, exhibitions and so on.
▼夕阳下的剧场，theater in the dusk
建造上，采用当地速生竹材。利用天然竹片的抗弯特性，主结构根据欧拉弹性线(Eider elastic line)原理，即弹性直杆受压的大变形（当轴向压力超过欧拉临界载荷时的弯曲形式），使竹片弹性起拱，两端节点采用活动铰接固定；次结构以连接两点的曲面最短距离为逻辑进行编织，并以编织密度的变化暗示内外层空间联系的疏密程度,完成整体形态生成。
Built with local bamboo. Using the bending resistance of the natural bamboo piece, the main structure elastically arches the bamboo piece according to the Eider elastic line principle, that is, the large deformation of the elastic straight bar (when the axial pressure exceeds the bending form of the Euler critical load), and the two ends are fixed by movable hinge; the secondary structure is woven by the shortest distance connecting the two points of the surface, and the change of the weaving density implies the density of the inner and outer space connections, and the overall shape is completed.
▼弯曲的竹片形成剧场空间，theater space composed of curved bamboo pieces
According to the main directions of the pedestrian in the current situation, three openings are formed by the displacement of the structural point to guide the flow of people. In the high area, adults pursue the sound and enter the infield. In the low area, children can walk and play freely. Combined with an acousto-optic control system, it provides an interactive experience. At the same time, it is equipped with a solar-powered floor lamp and a spray cooling device to improve the micro-climate of the site and create a stage concept.
The entire design and construction combines traditional bamboo and traditional construction processing with parametric design to provide a more modern convenient and easier solution for the country theatre. In the context of digital design and digital construction that continue to influence architecture, we explore the combination of digital design and traditional bamboo processing techniques, reviving the new design potential of traditional materials.
▼传统的竹片加工过程，traditional bamboo treating process
▼采用传统技术施工，use traditional construction technique to build the project
The elastic curves can from spaces. Different spatial scales can correspond to different body display methods. When one of the height, horizontal span and length of bamboo strips is fixed, the other two elements have a one-to-one correspondence.
▼弹力线与人体尺度，the elastic curves corresponded with different human scales
Different elastic lines have different angles at both ends. Adjusting each angle is a very complicated matter. So living hinges were used, the feature of which can be rotated in both directions to solve this problem.
A total of 130 LED strips are installed on the bamboo. After debugging, the light changes can be controlled according to the rhythm of the music. The light show itself can become one of the theater programs and provide an interactive experience.
▼灯光效果调试，lighting effect debugging
▼竹片上的灯带， lighting belts on the bamboo pieces
The center of the theater is covered with bamboo tiles, and 8 solar-powered lights are inserted. It can be used as the base lighting for the stage without additional power supply. Fluorite is placed inside the circular concrete floor. When the night falls and the lights are turned off, you will find many stars appearing on the ground.
▼混有荧光石的混凝土地面，如同满地繁星，concrete ground embedded with fluorite which looks like starry sky in the night
▼儿童在剧场中游憩，children play in the theater
▼地面节点详图，details of the ground joints
Project name: Q-Village Theater
Design: College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tongji University
Contact e-mail: email@example.com
Project Design: Tongji University Team (3rd International University Construction Competition)
Design&Completion Year: 2018
Instructor: Deng Feng, Song Xiaochao
Students: Zhang Chi, Zhong Guangchun, Chen Kun, Wang ziyi, Liu Zhishan, Jin Dazheng, Yang Xuezhou, Xie Yuqing, Zhang Wen, Lu Xueyin
Project location: Xia Mutang Village, Wan’an County, Jiangxi Province
Gross Built Area (square meters): 100m2
Photo Credits: Tongji University，UED
Clients: The People’s Government of Wan’an County
Brands / Products used in the projrct: bamboo, steel sheet, living hinge, concrete, LED strip, fluorescent stone