OMA and Laboratorio Permanente win competition for Scalo Farini in Milan

To regenerate the ecology of Milan by providing clean air and water, addressing climate change and pollution on a metropolitan scale

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Agenti Climatici(气候调节器)是由OMA的Ippolito Pestellini Laparelli和Reinier de Graaf与意大利事务所Laboratorio Permanente共同设计的总体规划方案,目前已赢得Concorso Farini的设计竞赛,旨在对米兰南北两侧的两处弃置的铁路调车场Scalo Farini和San Cristoforo进行重建。

Agenti Climatici (Climatic Agents), the masterplan by OMA’s Ippolito Pestellini Laparelli and Reinier de Graaf, co-designed with Laboratorio Permanente, has won the Concorso Farini competition for the redevelopment of the scalo Farini and San Cristoforo sites, two disused railway yards North and South of the periphery of Milan.

▼项目概览,project overview

Agenti Climatici方案将Scalo Farini和San Cristoforo两处场地分别规划为绿色区域和蓝色区域,二者将同时起到净化生态环境的作用:绿色区域包含一个大型公园,可以冷却来自西南方向的热风并净化含有有毒颗粒的空气;蓝色区域包含一个巨大的盆地,能够对地下水起到清洁作用,同时为人类和动物提供适宜的自然景观。通过提供清洁的空气和水,这两个新的区域将应对都市规模下的气候变化和污染问题,使米兰的生态环境重获生机。

The Agenti Climatici proposal designates the Scalo Farini site as a green zone and the San Cristoforo site as a blue zone. Both work as ecological filters: the green zone contains a vast park which cools hot winds coming from the south-west, purifying the air of toxic particles; the large basin in the blue zone cleans the groundwater and creates a landscape for both humans and animals. These two new zones regenerate the ecology of Milan by providing clean air and water, addressing climate change and pollution on a metropolitan scale.

▼绿色区域和蓝色区域,the green zone and the blue zone

▼Farini公园,Farini Park

▼San Cristoforo公园,San Cristoforo Park

▼新的区域将应对都市规模下的气候变化和污染问题,使米兰的生态环境重获生机,the two new zones regenerate the ecology of Milan by providing clean air and water, addressing climate change and pollution on a metropolitan scale

在这一新的体系中,公共空间(包括水、绿植和桥梁)是固定的,而建筑物则是剩余且不确定的。Farini的发展规模取决于城市未来的经济状况,它需要通过创造一个高弹性的空间框架来应对来自国内政治乃至全球经济的冲击。

In this new value system, public space – including water, greenery and bridges – is fixed, and buildings are residual and uncertain. In Farini, the scale of developments is contingent on the city’s future economic developments, creating an adaptable and resilient spatial framework that can respond to the shocks of national politics and the global economy.

▼规划效果图,rendering

▼土地资源变化时间轴,timeline of resource

▼公共城市系统,public city system

▼空地规模、城市肌理、核心区域和定居点分析,diagram of void scale, city fabric, local centrality and matrix of settlement

▼经济发展情景模拟,economic development scenarios

▼经济弹性示意,economic resilience diagram

Ippolito Pestellini Laparelli表示:“在一个环境急剧变化、经济状况长期不稳定的时代,我们的任务重心也发生了变化。对于一座城市而言,最具含金量的早已不是它的一砖一瓦——这些已经建造出来的事物,而是它能够为其公民保证适宜气候条件的能力。要想解决二十世纪城市的高能耗问题,就必须改变那些自古以来标志着城市发展的原则和策略。

Ippolito Pestellini Laparelli: “In a moment of dramatic environmental transformation and permanent economic uncertainty, our priorities have changed. The most valuable currency is no longer ‘brick’ – the built – but rather the climatic conditions that cities will be able to provide and ensure for their citizens. The city of the twentieth century, with its high energy consumption, must be overcome by reconsidering the principles that have marked urban development since the classical era.”

▼公园场景效果图,park rendering

本次设计竞赛由公共交通公司Ferrovie dello Stato、FS Sistemi Urbani S.r.l.和RFI与米兰市政府、伦巴第区政府以及开发商Coima SGR共同发起。其他入围决赛的事务所还包括Baukuh、奥雅那、Grimshaw以及隈研吾事务所(欧洲)。OMA的项目团队包括Laboratorio Permanente (意大利), Vogt Landscape Architects (中国), Philippe Rahm Architectes (法国), Net Engineering (意大利), Ezio Micelli (意大利), Arcadis Italia (意大利), Temporiuso.net (意大利) and Luca Cozzani (意大利).

The competition was organized by public transport companies Ferrovie dello Stato, FS Sistemi Urbani S.r.l. and RFI, in collaboration with the municipality of Milan, the Lombardy region and developer Coima SGR. Other finalists in the competition included Baukuh, Arup, Grimshaw and Kengo Kuma and Associates Europe. OMA’s team consisted of Laboratorio Permanente (IT), Vogt Landscape Architects (CN), Philippe Rahm Architectes (FR), Net Engineering (IT), Ezio Micelli (IT), Arcadis Italia (IT), Temporiuso.net (IT) and Luca Cozzani (IT).

▼公共空间效果图,public space rendering

FARINI CREDITS
OMA / IPPOLITO PESTELLINI LAPARELLI & REINIER DE GRAAF Status: Competition
Program: Masterplan
GFA: 468.301 m² (Scalo Farini) & 140.199 m² (Scalo San Cristoforo) Partners: Ippolito Pestellini Laparelli, Reinier de Graaf
Team: Massimo Tenan, Paolo Caracini
COLLABORATORS
Local Architect: Laboratorio Permanente
Landscape, Meteorological consultant: Philippe Rahm Architects Landscape: Vogt Landscape Architects
Sustainability: Arcadis Italia
Social innovation: Temporiuso
Traffic / transportation: Net Engineering
Urban politics & economics: Ezio Micelli

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