Museum of Rural Labour by SPEECH

Museum made from clay and straw in the depths of the Russian countryside

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PHOTOS ©Dmitry Chebanenko

俄罗斯建筑师Sergei Tchoban和Agniya Sterligova联合在卡卢加州地区Zvizzhi村落、打造了一个农村劳动力博物馆。该博物馆被要修建成一个融于自然和当地文化记忆的小结构体。博物馆是如此之小,只有一个房间作为永久展厅向公众开放。

In the village of Zvizzhi in the Kaluzhskaya Region of Russia architects Sergei Tchoban and Agniya Sterligova have built a Museum of Rural Labour. The architects were asked to create a small structure which would be capable of preserving the cultural memory of this settlement while fitting naturally into the existing landscape. Due to its small size, the museum has only one room; this contains a permanent exhibition which is open to the public.

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博物馆呈塔体造型,高8米,直径3.2米,位于马铃薯地旁的两条乡村公路交界处。它在乡野中高耸着,成为当地的标示建筑。另外,建筑师还在圆塔体上加了一个1米后的方形造型。两个简单的形状充满着明显却也低调和谐的对比,圆塔不在平庸,同时体现出俄罗斯传统风韵,更甚让人联想到这会不会是雅典围城立柱最后的幸存者。在材料上,建筑师选择了乡村中常见的自然环保材料–黏土和稻草,整个建筑与大地共存,产生出一种永恒感。

A tower with a diameter of 3.2 metres and height of 8 metres stands in a potato field at the intersection of two rural roads, as a sign marking the way out from this tiny settlement, one of the many such villages in Russia. In effect, this is an enlarged round column topped with a square capital of more than 1 metre in thickness. By combining these emphatically simple, understated forms, the architects have recreated the pre-Petrine column, which is so characteristic of traditional Russian architecture. Likewise traditional are the materials chosen for this project: both the tower’s facades and the interior walls are covered with earth plaster. Visually, this structure calls to mind all kinds of associations – from a banal water tower to the last surviving column of a no longer existent acropolis. An outside observer would find it quite difficult to evaluate the structure’s true scale since, being clad with clay, the tower seems to merge with its earth base and with its surroundings in general; you might easily think it has been here forever.

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人们沿路行进,会首先看见该塔卓越的英姿,然后在发现底部一扇不起眼的门,推开门,里面就是一个柱体空间,空间顶部中心开了一个天窗,温暖的阳光透过略带黄色的玻璃天窗进入这个空间,即便在最阴霾的天气,也为空间带来暖光。从周边各个农村收集来的劳作工具安置在墙面上一直到顶,这些就是这个袖珍但是震撼的博物馆的永久展品。劳动的意义与土地的意义被强调,这是人类的基本,是人类最重要的生存依托。

The column tower embodies a fundamental principle: it is both literally and metaphorically a support. The metaphor reveals itself more fully to those who walk round the tower to discover on the side furthest from the road an inconspicuous door. Entering, we see that the skylight on the structure’s roof turns the tower into a light well. The skylight is made from yellow glass, compelling the interior space of the art object to glow with a warm yellowish light even during the most overcast weather. The tower’s inner walls are entirely covered in a permanent exhibition consisting of objects from rural life which have been collected from nearby villages and settlements. Positioned in a spiral, these artefacts seem to be rising into the sky, underlining the sacral importance of work on the land, work which has always been the basis for man’s wellbeing.

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Building: Museum of Rural Labour
Location: village of Zvizzhi, Kaluzhskaya Region, Russia
Architects: Sergei Tchoban, Agniya Sterligova
Partner: Velko-2000
Developer: MARTIN HOUSE
Height: 8 metres
Floor area: 97.45 sq.m.

 

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