Around a century ago, the abrupt end of the life of a twenty-year-old young worker in a Japanese-owned cotton mill ignited the outburst of the May Thirtieth Movement. His name was Gu Zhenghong. Hundred years later, on No.300 Aomen Road, Putuo District, Shanghai, the very site where the martyr laid to rest, the expansion work of Gu Zhenghong Memorial Hall was completed right before the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China (CPC) to present a brand-new look in front of the public.
▼沿街视角，The street view © 陈旸
The original Hall and the ambient area suffered from limited space. Though the extension part is not spacious either, multiple complex reconstruction strategies were adopted to cope with the unique site condition.
▼鸟瞰，bird’s-eye view © 陈旸
Despite the extremely fine size of the site, a two-storey annexe was added to the south with a small square adjacent to the street, which not only adds a solemn aura to the building, but also provides a necessary transitional area between the populous street and the memorial hall. Above all, the midget rectangular south square gives space to relocate the martyr’s statue, the national flag, and all the themed sculptures (outdoor exhibits of the original hall) and helps form an east-west axis of manifold ceremonial spaces for various activities.
▼广场雕塑，square and the sculpture © 陈旸
▼殉难纪念处，Martyrdom Memorial © 陈旸
Using landscape components to organize architectural spaces is another salient strategy. The slender pathway from the eastern side of the old hall to the site where the martyr deceased has been incorporated into the overall visiting routes. It completes the sequence of the emotional flow by connecting the square, the hall, and the martyrdom site through four actions of entering and exiting the hall, as well as walking towards and from the martyrdom site through the pathway (contrast perceptions of space narrowing and broadening). The flow strengthened by the design and connections of the architectural spaces, in coordination with the exhibition contents, enables a close conversation between the patriotic revolution theme and modern urban living.
▼休息区，Rest area © 陈旸
▼体块组合悬挑，Block combination © 陈旸
The style of the new hall is customized by a set of interlocked cubes made from weathering steels. The retreating structure and all-around cantilevers not merely reinforce the steadfastness of the volume but also reflect the nimbleness of the composed art form. Aligned with the rust red texture, the new hall manifests the winding road of CPC-led Chinese labour movements as well as the heroism and perseverance along the road.
▼室外楼梯，Outdoor stairs © 陈旸
▼耐候钢板，Material details © 陈旸
广场地面铺装采用了三种色彩与质感有微差的石材组合，在强调仪式感的同时也隐喻了红色之花。但在规则的广场西侧，围绕一棵保留下来的白玉兰树，却设计了一组简洁的休憩空间，这也是融合红色主题与公众日常生活的尝试 —— 公共空间为人民城市服务，也应是城市恒久的主题。
The pavement of the square uses a combination of three similar stone materials of slightly different colours and textures, which enhances the ceremonial atmosphere and at the same time serves as a metaphor for the red-coloured flower. On the western side of the square, a set of simple but practical recreational spaces was designed centring around a conserved magnolia tree. This is an attempt to achieve the fusion of red theme and everyday life —- public spaces for the public, which should also be the eternal theme of the city.
▼室内，indoor © 陈旸
▼天窗，skylight © 陈旸
▼夜景，Night view © 陈旸
▼总平面图，master plan © 止境设计工作室
▼一层平面图，Ground floor plan © 止境设计工作室
▼二层平面图，2nd-floor plan © 止境设计工作室
▼立面图，elevations © 止境设计工作室
设计指导：张 男 张晓远
设计团队：谢金容 常润泽 陈舒婷 熊振林 柴玉叶 王舒衍（实习生）
结构专项：李新华 籍彬鲡 刘丽广
Project name: Reconstruction and expansion project of Gu Zhenghong Memorial Hall
Design：Zhongsen Architectural & Engineering Designing Consultants LTD.- Atelier Diameter
Building area: 200㎡
Design time: 2020.5
Completion date: 2021.6
Design Guidance: Zhang Nan, Zhang Xiaoyuan
Design Team:Xie Jinrong,Chang Runze,Chen Shuting,Xiong Zhenlin,Chai Yuye,Wang Shuyan(intern)
Landscape: Zhang Huijie,Guan Tianyi
Architecture: Liao Zijun，Tao Hailong
Structure：Lin Xinhua, Ji Binli, Liu Liguang
Plumbing：Ling Jie, Liu Ye
Electrical：Yu Fuqi, Zhao Wenpeng
HVAC：Xue Xiaofeng, Zhang Yuxing
General layout:Yan Benchi, Ma Yanxin
Commissioned by: Gu Zhenghong Memorial Hall, Putuo，Shanghai
Constructor: Shanghai Construction Five Construction Group Co. Ltd
Photographer: Yang Chen