The Tower of Nests,Shanghai,China by Kjellgren Kaminsky Architectureab

When human beings live in the same building with animals

Project Specs

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Appreciation towards Kjellgren Kaminsky Architecture for providing the following description:

Mankind faces a challenge comparable in size with the industrial revolution to build a sustainable society. In order to succeed, we need to learn how to coexist with nature. We propose a building that aims to become a symbol; not of power nor wealth, but of a new era of harmony and interplay between nature and mankind.

The development trend of contemporary metropolises is to increase the population density. This leads to developing cities vertically instead of horizontally. Although increasing the population per unit area of the city may reduce the daily commutes, it reduces the daily interaction of people with green spaces, animals and insects. This creates a gray, dull city and may increase stress and depression among the inhabitants. Moreover, the diversity of animals and insects will be reduced significantly. On the other hand, building parks, as a suitable place for animals, may not be economically feasible due to the land price. In the era of “Green Architecture”, where building sustainable is becoming commonplace, what if the collection of green buildings could go a step further and actually become a functional habitat for birds and wildlife?

To address all of these issues, we developed a new high-rise typology which is essentially integrating human and animal inhabitants in high-rise buildings. The design further elaborates a combination of rational, man-made apartments and natural, organic-formed bird nests on the facade of a skyscraper. Birds and insects are nature’s premier architects, using a disarranged form to build functional homes in which to live, reproduce and care for their young ones. Recycling sticks, branches, grass and mud to construct their shelters, they are undoubtedly the first creators of “Green Architecture”.

Downtown Shanghai was selected as the site of our proposed skyscraper, due to the fact that it is a suitable representation of a contemporary dense city. The tower is designed to be inhabited by humans as well as animals and insects, such as bees, birds and squirrels! It includes parking, commercial and residential areas and green indoor spaces.

The building provides flexible plans by using a general module for wet zones, allowing the inhabitants to part their apartments to suit their specific needs. The outer skin is composed of a wide range of natural materials such as wicker, straw clay and stone. They provide good insulation and comfortable habitats for different species.

The cross section of the tower consists of a central core which encloses circulation as well as mechanical equipments. The skyscraper’s lower levels which are made of stone, mud and straw clay, provide more solid facade for the wild and birds to inhabit; therefore, it is designed as a multistory parking. Top floors of the parking also provide spaces on the facade to be inhabited by bees! The next layer of the proposal provides more community oriented activities such as shopping center and public spaces. This layer has a U-shaped plan to allow birds as well as natural light to enter inside. Furthermore, it provides a green space for both humans and animals. Higher levels are intended to be residential. The higher level floor plans are made of sharp-edged apartments, surrounded by a ventilated faced made of wicker. The wicker facade starts from the commercial area to the top of the tower, allowing a height development for the future. Wickers are braided (woven) in various ways, forming the nests on the facade, allowing the window openings and ease of internal ventilation.

The tower would poetically create closer and richer contact between humans and animals while accommodating them using the same environment. If their activities are done in the same architectural space, the natural environment becomes important to both. This will increase the responsibility in maintaining the environment, which both animals and humans use.

工业革命以后,人类的挑战就在于怎样建立一个可持续发展的社会,为了达到这个目的,我们必须学会和自然共存。建筑师在这里提出了一个意象,一个不代表权力与财富,仅代表新时代中人类与自然和谐的意象。

大都市的发展导致人口密度激增,这也决定城市的垂直发展。密度的增加会提高效率,但是也会减少绿地,减少动物与人类的交往。一个灰色呆板的城市会让人们压抑。动植物的多样性也明显降低。如果建设一个动物公园,从土地的经济价格考虑这几乎是不现实的。现在是一个倡导绿色建筑的时代,而怎样才能实现一个鸟类与野生动物都够栖息的绿色建筑?

建筑师将场地选在了上海市中心,开发出一个整合人类与动物居住的高层建筑。摩天大楼的外墙上是鸟窝。鸟儿和昆虫可算得上是自然界一流的建筑师,用棍棒树枝还有草,泥巴来构筑他们的家园。他们无疑是绿色家园的始作俑者。

建设区采用模块化装置,可以满足各种居住需求。建筑外表皮采用天然材料,比如柳条,稻草粘土和石材。他们分别能为不同的物种提供良好的保温和舒适的栖息地。

大楼的较低层是多层停车场,这里也使用石,泥土,稻草,粘土为许多廖雷提供栖息地。停车场的顶层空间可以开辟出蜜蜂居住的区域。建筑最下层的区域用于商场和社交公共场所。U型平面的排布让更多的自然光和鸟类进入这个公共的绿地。高层是住宅,最高层是公寓,柳条表皮让通风顺畅,并以各种方式交织,为建筑带来通风。

这个建筑诗意的将人与动物更为紧密和丰富的联系在一起,相得益彰。当他们生活在同一个建筑空间时,自然环境也就变得重要。在共同使用中,维护环境的意识得到加强。

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