In recent years, with the implementation of new urbanization and rural revitalization strategies, the middle class has been affected by “urban diseases” in areas such as traffic, housing, the environment, etc. At the same time, the traditional way of life of farmers in the countryside lingers, maintaining time-honored methods of production and healthy liveliness.SYN Architects acts as an observer and, simultaneously, takes part in the process of rural construction, linking two different lifestyles in projects developed in non-urban areas. By means of precise spatial planning and content implementation techniques, the firm designs and creates new ecosystems of urban and rural integration in the countryside.The “Tianfu Xinxing – Hesheng Pastoral Oriental” Pastoral Complex is a spatial experiment based both in the philosophy of New Pastoralism and idyllic countryside scenes.
▼“天府新兴·和盛田园东方”田园社区远景，distant view of “Tianfu Xinxing – Hesheng Pastoral Oriental” Pastoral Complex
▼已建成部分-和盛书院与田园生活馆鸟瞰，completed parts-Hesheng Academy and Living Quarter
Tianfu’s New Area is a new subprovincial district under jurisdiction of the Sichuan Province. In order to build an innovative garden city, it was officially approved as a district in 2014. It consists of two parts: The Chengdu Area and the Meishan Area.TheDemonstration Project is actually located in Tianfu’s New Area. The zone in itself is an important extension of local villages proposed for tourism development. Xinxing Avenue extends from north to south, very close to the Sansheng Flower Village, a scenic area graded 4A by the Chinese authorities. The southernareasof Egret Bay Ecological Wetland Park, and Blue Roof Art Village border withZiyi Fragrant Valley. To the West and the East, industrial and logistics parks are under construction. All of these provide excellent conditions for the development or rural areas in the region. Chengdu Tianfu International Airport is also under construction in the region, and it’s expected to start operations in 2020, adding up to the foundations that will allow further economic development.
Linpan in Western Sichuan is the most characteristic rural settlement in China
▼“和盛田园东方”田园社区鸟瞰，aerial view of Hesheng Pastoral Oriental residential community
Linpan refers to a small settlement group scattered across farmland in Chengdu, Western Sichuan.This is the next step in the evolution of village lifestyles, a unique kind of progress that preserves the beauty of natural landscapes.The project sits on the construction area of the original collective of villages. Through detailed planning and thoughtful execution, the area activates the energy of Chengdu’s suburbs and provides a significant complement to the city. From now on, the original inhabitants as well as newcomers will always have people they want to visit more often. Projects to be developed after the planning phase is complete will provide a new lifestyle and improvement possibilities to the villagers, incrementing the area of both their living and production spaces. In 2018, the project’s first completed structures were residential buildings in several areas of the rural community. Here villagers can choose to start a business of their own or rent their properties to others. With rent only, they can lead a more than comfortable life. The foundations were kept entirely, while the environment and living conditions were significantly improved. Even more, the project provided a better income for the original residents of the region.
▼项目最先完成了乡村社区部分的村落新民居建设，the project’s first completed structures were residential buildings in several areas of the rural community
At SYN Architects, we plan from a philosophical perspective that postulates a cognitive co-development strategy between space, time and people. We believe that today’s buildings are meant to be seen by people 100 years from now, and the same applies to these villages. That is to say, as long as people like the projects for the villages, they will stay to live in them, enjoying a productive life with the right amount of quality leisure activities. And in the future, when people look at the villages, they will see them as magnificent as they are today. We solve present problems with a modern approach, create features according to the space involved, and keep up with the times. We also provide answers to the present, so they can be preserved for the future. At the same time, such planning requires design to overcome desire of expression, as the outline of individual forms by themselves is not the most important factor. During the planning phase, SYN Architects decided to preserve the groundwork of the original project, and integrate adjustment mechanisms to grant the settlements with a unique form of expression that comes from a holistic perspective.
▼已完成的田园社区-设计需要克服表现欲，completed residential buildings-design needs to overcome the desire of expression
▼已建成的和盛书院与田园生活馆-建筑手法简洁而现代，completed Hesheng Academy and Living Quarter-simple and modern approach is applied
SYN Architects divided the Demonstration Area in three zones defined by municipal roads: The Live Style Zone, the Lohas Zone and the Pastoral Business Community. The Live Style Zone presents visitors with a cluster of creativity and culture, as well as an area prepared for consumers.It can be considered the public area of the complex. The Lohas Zone provides a vast space designed for amusement and leisure outdoor activities. Furthermore, this zone satisfies the outdoor entertainment needs of families in the urban area. Finally, the Pastoral Business Community is the answer to long-term property rental. It belongs to the constructions destined to work as pastoral offices for the support of business activities that will contribute to the development of Tianfu’s new area.
▼效果图-“天府新兴·和盛田园东方”规划效果图，rendering- “Tianfu Xinxing – Hesheng Pastoral Oriental” planning
The Live Style Zone– The pastoral “Taikoo Li”——New Pastoralism Demonstration Area
The Live Style Zone is the heart of the whole project. With a total area of more than 65,000m2 and a construction area of approximately 14,000m2, its main functions are commercial retail, business communication, culture and art exhibition, as well as large-scale conferences, academic forums, art exhibitions, fashion shows, etc. The center of wisdom of the whole project, the Hesheng Academy, is located in this zone.Surprisingly enough, there is an old house hidden in the project. It belongs to the client, Mr. Hu Lin, Chairman of Shengjiayuan. He ordered it to be disassembled, “moved” and rebuilt on this location. Mr. Hu considered either to live in the house or to develop it into a first-class bed and breakfast. But after careful observation and deliberation about the zone as a whole, SYN Architects redefined its functionality, placing the “Academy” at the core and extending the strong cultural attributes of the residence, to transform it into an example of revitalization of Chengdu’s rural areas. Regarding adaptations to the building, the designer chose to produce a breakthrough without parting from the original structure. Given that most architectural languages or symbols do not match with this old house, the designer simply refused all symbols. In a simple and spatial way, a horizontal plate was added to the top of the old house to create a terrace that integrates into the surrounding pastoral environment by continuation of a few simple lines, thus blending the old with the new.
▼老房子的顶部加横板成为一个露台，和田园生活馆之间以几条简单的横线融成一体，新旧融合共处，a horizontal plate was added to the top of the old house to create a terrace that integrates into the surrounding pastoral environment by continuation of a few simple lines, thus blending the old with the new
The center of the Hesheng Academy is very similar to a Siheyuan, a courtyard surrounded by structures on all four sides. Here, the designer turned the space into a central lecture hall. The towering upper part of the courtyard is an enclosed space that creates a ceremonial atmosphere. Furthermore, the ceiling presents a skylight, establishing a connection between the interior and the external natural environment. In this way, changes in natural light create a free and open experience in a closed environment. Mr. Zou Yingxi, main designer of the project, believes that in a pastoral complex, buildings can be “weakened.” What matters is the activity that takes place inside the buildings, for example, to portray culture, creativity and pastoral aesthetics. From this point of view, buildings are cultural containers.
▼和盛书院中间类似四合院一样四面围合的院落被改造为一个中心讲堂，the center of the Hesheng Academy is very similar to a Siheyuan, a courtyard surrounded by structures on all four sides. Here, the designer turned the space into a central lecture hall
▼院落的上方以高耸的天井封闭，塑造出空间的仪式感，the towering upper part of the courtyard is an enclosed space that creates a ceremonial atmosphere
▼中央红砖天井，central red brick patio
At present, construction of the college and living quarters have been completed. However, the commercial street, the lecture hall, and the floating ballroom are still under construction. These are expected to be completed in the second half of 2019 or early 2020. By then, the project will form a coherent and integral rural settlement.
▼书院外围局部，part of the academy periphery
▼书院夜景，night view of the academy
▼生活馆夜景，night view of the living quarter
The Lohas Zone: Pastoral Education and Learning Space for Families
The Lohas Zone covers an area of approximately 16.1ha, of which, 9ha belong to the theme park area. The construction area is 9,200m2 and is mainly used to hold pastoral carnivals, develop family activities or educate people about nature. The content presented promotes the integration between rural and urban areas, connecting quality agricultural products with urban ports and innovating and displaying traditional crafts. At the same time, the complex provides a space for teaching and learning, a unique educational experience to grow as a family and learn about nature.
▼乐活田园鸟瞰，aerial view of Lohas Zone
▼市集文化广场，plaza of culture market
The Pastoral Business Community: Corporate Headquarters of the Rural Revitalization Ecosystem
ThePastoral Business Community covers an area of 50ha, with a construction area of approximately 63,000m2. The local work and living environment attracts people from Chengdu specializing in cultural, technological and agricultural innovation, to become new farmers and work from a shared, smart office environment. The overall planning and design of both shared and single office areas parts from the concept of holistic plots of land that form an enclosure for the original village. Single offices are structured into small groups, and certain distance is kept between groups, to retain the original layout of the rural architecture. This approach also solves problems such as lack of natural ventilation or lighting and environmental incompatibility. SYN Architects has introduced SYN Community and SYN Coffee into the region as a service package, to satisfy the needs of the new farmers that will work from the office cluster in the future. Today, the Demonstration Area is still at the stage of simultaneous construction, but the seed of new features can already be felt in the spirit, scenery and aesthetics of Linpan. Such features will continue to provide occupants and visitors with a unique experience of harmonized rural and urban integration.
▼效果图-创智田园建筑内部，rendering-The Pastoral Business Community building interior
▼效果图-创智田园区域，rendering-The Pastoral Business Community
规划及建筑设计： 蒋志华 李智 刘建生 王子强 费尔南多 田亚红 韩阳 张帅
室内设计：夏福强 钱国兴 何敏 冯炎 曹真真 刘婷婷 李倩茜 郭萌佳
Project Name: “Tianfu Xinxing – Hesheng Pastoral Oriental” Pastoral Complex
Project Design: SYN Architects
Project Type: Pastoral Complex
Design Year : at the end of 2017
Project Status: Under Construction
Site Area: 86.6 ha in the demonstration area
Project Location: Chengdu, Sichuan Province