松阳 · 最后的江南秘境
Song Yang · The Last Mysterious Place in Jiangnan
The poet Shen Hui in the Northern Song Dynasty once described Songyang in his poem The First Visit to Songyang like this:“This is the only Peach Blossom Garden, the unique scenery of which can’t be seen anywhere else”. Thousands of years later, more than 100 ancient villages with complete and clear configuration are still hidden in the misty“Peach Blossom Garden”and it is praised by National Geographic as“The Last Mysterious Place in the South of the Yangtze River”.
▼项目概览，project overview ©存在建筑-建筑摄影
Songyang Original Cottage is the second design practice of line+ in Songyang after the practice of Stray Bird Art Hotel. The project is located in Langshu Village, Sidu Town, Songyang, Lishui, Zhejiang. The overall site is high in the north and low in the south. The height difference within the red line is nearly 40 to 50 meters. It is a typical mountain settlement with“90% of mountainous areas, 5% of streams and rivers, and 5% of arable land”. The original land parcel is in step morphology. The rammed earth old houses have nearly collapsed or have been demolished, with only a few towering ancient tress witnessing the vicissitude of the village.
▼建成后的松阳原舍，Songyang Original Cottage ©杨光坤
▼平台视野，view form the terrace ©金选民
Nature and Man-made
Langshu Village, as is seen by us, is filled with mountain forests and cloud sea, terraces and cottages, rammed earth and grey tiles, presenting unique beauty of Chinese countryside without redundant decorating. However, the hundred-years old houses in mountains that bear the authentic lives of mountain people, are destroyed or abandoned in the constructing and developing process as the living style and values of villagers are changing. According to the records, there are nearly 300 natural villages were submerged in the urbanizing process every day from 2000 to 2010. 0.9 million of the villages vanished in 10 years. Apart from providing urban visitors with places for temporary resting, the project, which has a site selection here, also shoulders the responsibility of reviving Langshu Village, and pins the hope and thinking on the relationship between the human and nature as well as the relationship between the human and man-made environment.
▼鸟瞰图，aerial view ©gad · line+ studio
Chinese traditional village, before “modern times” coming, must have the roots and veins of living for existing for thousand of years. It seems loose and unordered, but makes an integration of ethnic culture, science and technology, aesthetics, education, folkways, and beliefs in an area. Chinese traditional village is a compound organism with its own soul.
▼项目展现出中国乡村独有的美感，the project presents unique beauty of Chinese countryside without redundant decorating ©存在建筑-建筑摄影
Faced with nature and tradition, the designing tenet derives from revering and respecting the current situation of original site as well as the dependence and restoration on original life styles. The best music is always silent and profound; The greatest state is always not to seek for wonderful patterns, and the smartest is always the modest. By developing with nature conditions, following the traditional patterns of natural villages, and pursuing the sense of beauty without designing, the design can actualize the strategies of adhering to traditions, recovering texture, and activating the villages.
▼尊重原始地块现状，the designing tenet respects the current situation of original site ©金选民
▼景观阳台，viewing balcony ©侯博文
Methods and Strategies
For this reason, the team repeatedly went to the site for surveying and mapping, the accurate positioning of ancient trees and ancient roads and marking the original elevation of platforms with various heights. The final design layout is the answer most suitable for the land parcel after trying numerous possibilities so as to uphold the principle of minimum destruction of nature.
▼概念草图，design sketch ©gad · line+ studio
Typology is used by the design to modularize three functional spaces: public area, centralized guestroom and single-family Villa. It avoids ancient tress and places all functional modules. Depending on the original terrain, the modules are placed on the original elevation of platforms as much as possible. The public area is stacked on top of each other, and the guestrooms are divided into parts to dissolve the sense of volume of buildings. Then according to the differences in contour trend, landscape and visual field, it fine-tunes the height and angle to maximize the landscape experience while ensuring privacy.
▼模型照，model ©gad · line+ studio
▼形态生成图解，massing process ©gad · line+ studio
▼轴测图，axon ©gad · line+ studio
▼轴测流线分析图，circulation diagram ©gad · line+ studio
Thirty-three rooms, equipped with reception lobby, book reading, dining room kitchen, constant temperature swimming pool public area, the building area of 2688, for a mountain lodging is undoubtedly a huge volume. Designed with one or two floors of guest rooms scattered uniformly between the mountains, four floors of public areas in the form of patches of terrain extension, weakening the volume, while creating a series of viewing terraces. The top and bottom of each floor of the buildings are connected with the mountains of different heights, and the buildings are spread out layer by layer, resembling growing out of mountains, being attached to the mountains in the gentlest way and appearing indistinctly in the landscape.
▼建筑体量层层展开，如从山中生长出来，the buildings are spread out layer by layer, resembling growing out of mountains ©存在建筑-建筑摄影
▼泳池平台，pool area ©唐徐国
▼从泳池望向山景，view to the mountain landscape from the pool ©郝军
The steps made of rubble masonry ascend upward. The ingenious moving line design allows the line of sight of visitors to weave between the distant mountains and back mountains. By climbing slopes, looking up, turning around and viewing at a distance, visitors can enjoy the fun of mountain tour that when sceneries vary with changing view-points and the winding path leads to a secluded quiet place. The buildings are located in a mountainous area and face valleys, lying on a precious land with hidden trees. The beautiful scenery of the distant mountains can be seen and the century-old ancient camphor trees are adjacent to each other. Through different windows, at different times and at different building heights, visitors can find different sceneries and have different experiences at each level. Outside each window is an entire frameless picture scroll of mountains and plains.
▼客房建筑外观，guest room volumes exterior view ©侯博文
▼步移景异、曲径通幽的游山之趣，sceneries vary with changing view-points and the winding path leads to a secluded quiet place ©金选民
Material and Construction
The big suspension board of public area is poured integrally by wooden formwork concrete. Architects hope to reinforce the space purity by conducting meticulous treatments on structure and equipment. The interlayer wall with 200 (concrete load-bearing wall) +80 (insulated rock wool) +120 (concrete ornamental wall) is used to meet the insulating standard. To cover conduits and air-conditioning outlets without setting dropped ceiling, equipment cavities with the clear width of 600-1000 are designed for concealing air-conditioners and other equipment in places where spatial effect will not be influenced.
▼混凝土夹心墙系统，concrete ornamental wall system
Guestrooms adopt the architectural form of pitched roof and mainly use local rubbles and rammed earth to continue the traditional lives and context. There is neither architectural space with grand narration nor costly and complicated ways of handling materials over here. The organic integration of materials and forms, the rammed earth, heaping stones, small grey tiles of every mountain cottage are the architectural materials, and the façade modeling, what is more, the mountain life.
▼建筑材料以当地毛石和夯土为主，延续传统生活与文脉，the buildings are mainly constructed with local rubbles and rammed earth to continue the traditional lives and context ©存在建筑-建筑摄影
▼室外平台，outdoor terrace ©存在建筑-建筑摄影
▼坡屋顶，the pitched roof ©存在建筑-建筑摄影
▼路径与花园，the paths and the garden ©金选民
Poetry and Dwelling
This is a local homestay and is also a home for you to come to mountains from cities. You can slow down your foot steps and see a ray of dawn. It is surrounded by ancient trees and green mountains everywhere. You can lie on your back watching clouds scud across the sky. On the terraced fields are not only the simply-scattered large and small local homestay, but also the layout containing traditional settlement texture. The traditional culture of Langshu Village is rooted in the living container of this land, providing a way of homestay that integrates local culture and modern civilization.
▼山野中的家， a home in mountainscape ©金选民
▼客房内部，guest room interior view ©存在建筑-建筑摄影 ©唐徐国
Songyang Original Cottage starts from the brand-new homestay mode and rural ecological community and belongs to a natural village that has heterogeneous and isomorphic village texture and is built according to the situation. The architects respond to nature in a modest attitude with oldness and newness, primitiveness and artificiality, exquisiteness and simplicity, masculinity and feminity and seek for the beauty of balance and appropriateness. Line+ never stops its exploration on“natural”architecture through its works.
▼建筑细部，interior detailed view ©金选民
▼ -3.200标高平面，plan (-3200)
▼ 7.900标高平面，plan (7.900)
项目名称：松阳原舍 · 揽树山房
设计单位：gad · line+ studio、浙江绿城建筑设计有限公司
Project Name: Songyang Original Cottage
Firm: gad · line+ studio and Greenton Architecture Design Co., Ltd.
Chief Architect: Meng Fanhao
Project Address: Langshu Village, Sidu Town, Songyang, Lishui, Zhejiang
Completion Time: March, 2019
Client: Songyang Xbandclub Tourism Development Co., Ltd.
Project Architect: Li Xinguang
Architectural Design: Zhu Xiaocheng and Zhang Hongliang
Structural Design: Hu Damin, Zhang Mi, Huang Jie, Li Tao
Equipment Design: Wu Wenjian, Zhao Yaxuan (Water), Cui Daliang, Fang Yuanyuan (Heating and Ventilation), Yang Meiping, Wang Yue (Electricity)
Interior Design: CHAO
Landscape Design: Xband Eco-club Co., Ltd
Building Area: 2,688.27 Square Meters
Material: wood, steel, masonry, concrete, rammed earth
Photographer: Arch-Exist Photography, Jin Xuanmin, Yang Guangkun, Hou Bowen,Tang Xuguo, Hao Jun