▼构筑物之一——观景塔鸟瞰，bird-eye’s view of the viewing tower – one of the landscape buildings
The second garden expo of Hebei province (Qinhuangdao) was completed in early 2018 in Qinhuangdao, Shanhaigang city. BFU landscape architecture research center cooperated with Beijing Forestry University powerful landscape design professional team deeply participated in the whole planning and design process of the expo and completed the design of garden structures of a total of 15 public scenic spots in the park. These structures are fully integrated into the landscape and plant environment of the public scenic area, where standing on the mountain or lying beside the water. We wanted to create a series of landscape buildings with contemporary building materials and Spaces, Here are three of the structures.
In modern society, architecture not only serves as a place for living and eating, but also gradually has more connection with nature. The viewing tower of Qinhuangdao garden expo is an attempt to create a natural experience by connecting living and landscape. The design team reconsidered modern landscape architecture by re-examining the original concept “combining design with nature” in this project. What they want to build is not a traditional garden architecture with mountains and water as the main body, but a platform for people that have more activities and communication, more proactive and naturally close to the nature.
▼观景塔外观远景，位于一处山地丘陵的制高点，远处亦有山脉作为背景，distant exterior view of the viewing tower which is located in the high ground of a hilly area, there are mountains in distance as the background
The project base is located in the high ground of a hilly area, overlooking the whole garden, there are mountains in distance as the background. The client originally wanted to build an ancient tower as the visual focus of expo, and we proposed to create a more authentic experience of high ground by replacing the setting with viewing. The client finally agreed our plan to build a unique viewing platform here after repeated negotiations. The scheme is an assembly box above the tree crown, surrounding landscape in all directions can be viewed through extending horizontally. The structure is four stories high and leads from a secluded path to the platform on the ground floor, the structure and area of first floor contact with ground is built to minimum. During slow ascent, the area of each floor gradually increases and the direction of extension varies that visitors can experience different perspectives at different elevations. At last, the viewing tower becomes a perfect viewing spot in the garden, while blending into the commanding heights of the hills and integrating with nature.
▼观景塔外观近景，是一个凌驾于树冠之上的箱体组合，close exterior view of the viewing tower that is an assembly box above the tree crown
▼观景塔外观近景，采用错层的空间方式，首层与大地接触的结构和面积尽量做到了最小，close exterior view of the viewing tower with wrong layer technique, the structure and area of first floor contact with ground is built to minimum
▼观景塔底层局部，从一处幽静的小径引导至首层的平台，partial view of the ground level, a secluded path leads to the structure
▼观景塔外观局部，整体采用了菠萝格作为饰面材料，并在立面上用条状木板作了装饰，partial exterior view of the viewing tower adopting mahogany color as the main tone, and the facade is also decorated with wood strips
The whole architecture adopts mahogany color as the main tone, which is corresponding to the surrounding green trees, by contrasting with green and red, visual weight of the architecture is reflected. The design adopted wrong layer technique, visitors can have capacious visual field in any angle, at the same time, the facade is also decorated with wood strips which increasing the beauty of the architecture.
▼观景塔内部，可以欣赏周边的景色，interior of the building with a good view
▼观景塔内部，interior of the building
▼观景塔总平面图，master plan of the viewing tower
▼观景塔南立面图，south elevation of the viewing tower
▼观景塔西立面图，west elevation of the viewing tower
▼观景塔A-A剖面图，A-A section of the viewing tower
Xiao Yuan pavilion
Another example of integrating into the landscape is the Xiao Yuan pavilion. This is a site adjacent to the water at the end of the park’s tour circle, extending from the Plank road system to the water’s edge. Here we completed a simple adjacent water rest station, a simple double sloping roof prototype derived from the traditional landscape painting grass house in landscape painting. Wrapped in a pineapple lattice with a steel structure and web, it forms an open interior space with an intimate texture.
▼晓渊榭概览，overview of the Xiao Yuan pavilion
The roof of Xiao Yuan pavilion adopts aluminum magnesium manganese alloy roof, which is light, broad and flat.
▼晓渊榭外观，采用铝镁锰合金金属双坡屋面，exterior view of the Xiao Yuan pavilion with the aluminum magnesium manganese alloy double sloping roof
▼邻水设计的晓渊榭外观，the exterior view of the Xiao Yuan pavilion that is adjacent to the water
▼黄昏时的晓渊榭，游客可在此欣赏周边的美景，the Xiao Yuan pavilion in the sunset with a good view
▼黄昏时的晓渊榭内部，大量的游客停留在这里，the interior view of the Xiao Yuan pavilion in the sunset, a large number of tourists stay here
In the sunset, a large number of tourists stay here, relax、chat and enjoy the beauty of the sunset. The Xiao Yuan pavilion itself is not dazzling, but it offers visitors the best orientation and a quiet place to rest. From the path leading into the Xiao Yuan pavilion, one could look beyond its roof to the viewing tower over the mountain canopy in the distance. They looked at each other on either side of the lake, between the mountains and the water. On the boating lake, Xiao Yuan pavilion has also become a barge that can be docked, with the bar to look at, the lake wave to the bottom of the eye.
▼晓渊榭总平面图，master plan of the Xiao Yuan pavilion
▼晓渊榭南立面图，south elevation of the Xiao Yuan pavilion
▼栈道廊概览，overview of the trestle corridors
Trestle corridors are located at various entrances or important stops in the park, providing a short rest and shade for visitors around the bend in the path. The landscape architect carefully designed the site’s vertical and narrow aqueducts with paved and spongy systems, making it a low-key but necessary landscape architecture. We try to adopt a simple and lightweight structure to obtain as much shading space as possible with minimal floor space. The appearance of the steel structure creates a sense of intimacy and this structure adopts the construction way of embedding the pineapple lattice solid wood of the web consistent with Xiao Yuan pavilion. The roof grating leaves a mottled shadow on the ground. The volume of the trestle corridor is not big, but it can adapt itself to the subtle changes of each path, facing the landscape and guiding tourists to the next beautiful place.
▼栈道廊远景，distant view of the trestle corridors
▼栈道廊近景，为路径转折处的游客提供短暂休息和遮阴的场所，close view of the trestle corridors, providing a short rest and shade for visitors around the bend in the path
Facing the landscape, we can see the value orientation of landscape architecture, which is also the prototype and creative attitude derived from traditional gardens. We inherit its spirit and interpret contemporary landscape architecture with a contemporary design language.
Project name: Hebei Province, 2nd Garden Expo (Qinhuangdao) Landscape Architecture Series
Design: Folie Architecture
Design year & Completion Year: 2017/2018
Leader designers: Zheng Xiaodong, Duan Wei
Design Team: Tian Xiaochang, Ge Jingtian, Xiao Meng, Zhou Chao, Liu Han, Lixue.etc.
Project location: Nanyang City, Henan Province
Gross Built Area (square meters): viewing tower490㎡, Xiao Yuan pavilion225㎡, Trestle corridors55㎡
Photo credits: Beilin Landscape Architecture Research Center
Partners: Professor Li Xiong Studio, Beijing Forestry University
Clients: Qinhuangdao City Garden Bureau, Qinhuangdao Economic and Technological Development Zone Urban Development Bureau, Qinhuangdao Development Zone Taisheng Urban Environmental Engineering Co., Ltd.