The YU House embeds itself into the complex natural environment of Longshanyuan with a low and soft profile, combining with various natural elements such as water, mountains, and forests. It has won the judges’ recognition and praise with its unique curved shape and perfect creativity. This project won the third prize of the 2019 National College Bamboo Design and Construction Competition in Anji, China.
▼项目概览，project overview ©湖南大学建筑学院
The site is located on a quiet hillside by the water among the Longshanyuan tomb group, covering a floor area of 203.71㎡and a building area of 141.81㎡. The site is relatively hidden and has a large altitude difference. There is a pond on the west with a wide view and it is surrounded by pine forest. People can enter the site through the path on the dam near the main road.
The owner hopes that the house used bamboo as the main material will provide tourists with a building for fishing, relaxing and sightseeing among the nature. It will also serve as a supporting facility of the Longshanyuan Heritage Park. After the site survey, the team had discussed and summarized some site-induced considerations such as whether the pine trees are retained, the height of the shoreline from the water level, and how to deal with the ground surface and so on. The discussed problems will all be responded in project design.
▼从水塘望向建筑，View from the pond ©湖南大学建筑学院
Living in the nature, dwelling in Longshanyuan, people should be taught to fish, to watch fish in the YU House, then to enjoy the fun and think it critically.——Lili
▼概念生成，Concept generation ©湖南大学建筑学院
▼建筑以八卦当中阴阳鱼的形态栖居蜷伏于场地，The YU House locates in Longshanyuan in the form of Yin and Yang fish ©湖南大学建筑学院
Any particular thing has the duality of yin and yang. The YU House locates in Longshanyuan in the form of Yin and Yang fish. It aims to not only show the chaotic state of the two intermingling fishes but also reveal that everything in the world has two sides, architectural form is no exception. On the one hand, the shaping of the YU House is a metaphor for yin-yang theory and an interpretation of fishing. On the other hand, and it is also a fit for the special environmental background of the Bamudun ancient tombs group. Besides, “YU” is a homophone for fish(yu) in Chinese, expressing the architectural form. It is also a homophone for “entertainment”, meaning that the pleasure of experiencing is no more than sitting among mountains and fishing, echoing the function of the building. And “YU” is a homophone for “stupidity”, referring to historical allusions and the fishing mentality that emphasizes patience.
▼总平面图，Site plan ©湖南大学建筑学院
Starting from the concept of “Yin and Yang fish” to shape the form, a posture of creeping upon the pine forest is created. The open side of the building shape corresponds to the two moving lines of the site organization. The pine trees is retained conforming to the shape according to the possibility of survival. By layering a height difference of 4 meters in the site, it forms-fishing platform, main entrance, resting space and secondary entrance-four space levels.
▼建筑形体开口对应场地组织的两条动线，The open side of the building shape corresponds to the two moving lines of the site organization ©湖南大学建筑学院
▼室内局部，Interior detailed view ©湖南大学建筑学院
▼设计对场地内4m高差进行分层，the design integrated the 4-meter height difference of the site ©湖南大学建筑学院
▼夜晚室内，The interior night details ©湖南大学建筑学院
▼鱼鳞状表皮，The fish scale-like surface ©湖南大学建筑学院
The YU House adopts a non-traditional construction method — bamboo weaving. It aims to use nonlinear numerical control technique to construct a curved shape with a sense of flow. At the same time, the YU House uses a fish scale-like surface to enhance the shape, letting it a more natural and softer intervention in the natural environment and feeling as exposed to the nature as possible. Its highly malleable curved surface shape and the tough bamboo components weave together, showing the rigid(Yang) side of the building. On the contrary, its quiet and convergent attitude ,hidden in the dense woods, reflects the flexible (Yin) side of the building.
▼编织节点，Weaving node ©湖南大学建筑学院
▼编织与表皮，Weaving and surface ©湖南大学建筑学院
▼分解轴测图，Exploded axonometric ©湖南大学建筑学院
The architectural form is borrowed from the entangled stance of Yin and Yang fish, which means that Yin cannot exit with Yang, and Yang cannot grow without Yin. As ancient men said, “Anything has its opposite. ” The south of the mountain calls Yang, and the south of the water calls Yin, alluding to the law of harmonious transformation of Yin and Yang in nature. Firstly, strip foundations are set at different elevations. Secondly, parametric modeling determines the main bamboo structure welding points and the span of the bamboo surface. 23 arched bamboo strips in group A and 18 in group B constitute the bamboo structure frame, which is covered by bamboo weave to ensure the beauty and stability of the main building. Endurance plates guarantee waterproofness and light transmission and protect the main body of the bamboo structure. The reed mat acts like cushion and waterproof layer and the fish scale-like asphalt shingles act like finishes.
▼前期模型照片，Early model photo ©湖南大学建筑学院
▼模型细部，model detailed view ©湖南大学建筑学院
▼项目夜景，Project night view ©湖南大学建筑学院
项目设计 & 完成年份：2019.12
项目地址：浙江 安吉 龙山源