Steam Stratum -Baltic Thermal Pool Park / The Open Workshop

creates a modern sense

Project Specs

Design Firm:

非常感谢The Open Workshop将以下内容授权gooood发行。
Appreciation towards The Open Workshop for providing the following description:

 

地质建筑

“温泉地层”(Steam Stratum)充分利用了拉脱维亚丰富的地质历史和天然温泉的优势。该建筑被设计成突出地面的沉积岩,带有极具沉积岩特色的多层次结构用来分隔和联系建筑的不同区域:抬升以提高空间高度,下沉与附近区域直接相连。贯穿于整个建筑的切割地形将不同的层次联系起来,这样游人可以在这座线性度假胜地内畅通无阻地通行。尽管建筑体量被设计成沉积岩的模样,但立面大部分都安装了玻璃以提供毫无阻挡的天然景观视野。为了保障隐私,建筑师用取自当地矿地的石头制成玻璃框架,让整个建筑看起来完全融入天然环境,同时带来透气性。游走在建筑的不同层次之间感受不同层次的岩石和空气—雕刻式的洞穴空间创造了一种与地球原始联系的现代感。

▼外景渲染图 Render-Exterior

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Geologic Building

Steam Stratum taps into the rich geologic history of Latvia and the presence of natural thermal baths. Conceived of as an extrusion of the sedimentary rock below, the building is organized into various layers, or strata. These layers are placed to separate and connect the differential programs in a precise manner — lifting to create higher ceiling heights below, or descending to connect directly to adjacent programs. As the topographic cut moves through the building it interacts with the different levels to allow for seamless navigation through the linear resort. Despite its appearance, the building is primarily glazed to allow for uninterrupted views of the surrounding natural landscape. To provide privacy, a series of vertical stone fins quarried from a local mine, are organized to line the glazed façade and provide the simultaneous sense of a monolithic stone that is rooted within its natural environment while being porous. Moving through the layers of the building, one flows through different strata of rock and air — carved out cave-like spaces that produced a contemporary sense of a primitive relationship to the earth.

▼内景渲染图 Render-Interior

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温泉公园

温泉浴场整体为梯田式结构,呈波浪形。不同的水量会达到梯台的不同高度,从而形成不同规模的泳池以灵活应对各个季节的具体需求。坐席、走道、楼梯和酒吧区均采用相同的地形设计特点,游人可以在此将城市和海洋的全景尽收眼底。不同深度的泳池带来不同的天然温度和蒸汽量。浴场天花板精致的阶梯结构将水蒸气带入“洞穴”内的其他区域,同时为上部更为私密的水疗区域提供隐私。一系列分布在顶层的天窗将水蒸气排除室外,在屋顶形成“蒸汽公园”—这种即逝的大气外壳成为划分屋顶区域的软屏风。天窗关闭后,天花板和地形变化区一起在泳池周围产生了滴水帷幕。水文变化带来的大气现象形成了不同于蒸汽屏风的软屏障。

▼示意图 Diagrams

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Steam Park

The thermal baths are organized into one fluctuating datum that is carved into an overall terraced topography. This stone platform can be flooded to differential heights to allow for different pool sizes and configurations to enable flexibility during different seasons. Seating, movement paths, stairs, and bar areas are carved into the same topography to allow for an uninterrupted panoramic view of the city and sea. The depth of the pools creates natural temperature differentials and associated amounts of steam. The ceiling of the baths has a precise stepped carving to move the steam to various areas in the ‘cave’ to provide privacy and concealment for more intimate spa programs above. A series of skylights are deployed across the roof plane to exhaust this steam from the building and create a steam park on the roof. The atmospheric qualities of an ephemeral enclosure are leveraged to create a series of soft divisions along the roof park. When the skylights are closed, the ceiling plane is configured with areas of sharp topographic changes to cause a ‘rain’ drip curtains around the pools, providing a different type of soft enclosure formed from the atmospherics of a hydrological change of state.

▼外景渲染图(冬天) Render-Exterior (winter)

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临界线+整合线

作为市政建筑的“Steam Stratum”将温泉浴场和公园的不同功能区整合在一条线上。它是利耶帕亚市与波罗的海之间的门槛,是存在于城市与海洋之间的公共界线及天然临界点。该建筑是透气的边界线,其选址最大程度上减少对周围树木的破坏。停车场设在建筑内,以保护自然环境,并减少区域内的步行距离。当地的Robežu iela街和Kalèju iela街将城市网格延伸至该区,成为通向建筑的主要入口及公园通道。源于城市的道路从城市经过建筑最终到达公园和海滩,为游客开启了不同的体验。此外,经过一系列的庭院可以从公园到达建筑;庭院栽种着从建筑区域移栽的树木,使得建筑内外部的界限趋于模糊。

▼总平面图 Site plan

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Threshold + Consolidation

Steam Stratum is a proposal for a civic building that consolidates the various programs for the thermal bath and park and structures them within a line. This line serves as a threshold between the city of Liepaja and the Baltic Sea — allowing for a public as well as natural interface between the city and the sea. The building is located to minimize distribution to existing trees as well acts as a porous boundary. Parking is consolidated within the building to preserve the natural environment and minimize foot traffic on the site. The local streets Robežu iela and Kalèju iela act as alignments for extending the grid of the city into the site and marking major entry points for the building as well as access into the park. This path that stems from the city unbraids into various experiences that moves one from the city, through the building and eventually to the park and beach. Further, the park moves into the building in a series of courtyards, which contain replanted trees from the site, blurring the boundary between interior and exterior.

▼各层平面图 Floor plans

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▼立面图 Elevation

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▼截面图 Section

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PROJECT CREDITS
Project: Steam Stratum — Baltic Thermal Pool Park
Year: 2014
Location: Liepaja, Latvia
Office: The Open Workshop
Project Team:
Neeraj Bhatia
Cesar Lopez
Blake Stevenson
Awarded: Honorable Mention

MORE: The Open Workshop

 

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曾经gooood还报道过另外一个有趣的浴场
gooood also reported another interesting thermal baths:
Thermal Spa反转之下,印记之上

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