城市基底 | City Foundation
Lianhuashan Park covers an area of 194 hectares. It is a huge mountain park at the center of the city. Citizens can hike from one of its multiple trails to the viewing platform at the peak that overlooks the central axis of Shenzhen City. The project is a park auxiliary facility located near the top of the mountain designed to organize park-related livelihood and cultural theme exhibitions as well as cultural exchange events on a periodic basis. The building is located within the mountain forest to embellish the natural landscape. The building is located at the northern side of the central mountain axis and the statue of Deng Xiaoping is at the other side. This spatial axis extends southward to become the entire central Futian District and into the north-south central axis of Shenzhen.
▼项目鸟瞰，aerial view © 张超
▼近景，closer view © 张超
顶 | Peak
The exhibition hall floats on the wall to form a cantilever for the entrance. The thin eaves form a contrast against the thick walls. The top of the roof is trapezoidal. When viewed from east of Jingui Road, the sides of the walls provide a perspective correction visual effect. From the entrance position, the trees form a visual guide to offer a sense of ceremony in a non-axisymmetric manner. Surrounded by large trees, we want the memorial garden building facing southeast to have an effect of dwelling in the middle of the forest. Therefore, we tried to control the roof height as much as possible during the design process and was able to optimize the equipment pipelines and reduce the roof thickness while satisfying the functional applications. The Cultural Exchange Hall is a large-span space. We adopt small beams and dense columns and the equipment pipelines are laid within the beams and underground to make the space within the limited floor height more comfortable.
▼项目外观，external view © 张超
The level development of the walls and eaves intensifies the low and long visual perception of the building. The roof adopts anodized aluminum outdoor suspended ceiling and its subtle metal reflection effect forms a smooth and dull contrast with the wall surface, which represents the architecture’s intervention with the natural environment. A shallow pool is placed under the eaves to enhance the physical dimension perception. A harmonious water and wood atmosphere is formed under the effect of wind and light.
▼墙体与挑檐水平发展，the level development of the walls and eaves © 张超
墙 | Wall
This is yet another one of our continuous efforts to understand and innovate using the “wall” construction element. For the Central Park Cultural and Arts Center, we have designed walls with “significance” to infuse the people’s daily lives. This time, we use the walls as a medium to showcase the relationship between the site and its functions.
▼有“厚度”的墙，walls with “significance” © 张超
▼界定场所与衬景的墙 © 深圳华汇设计
walls that define the facility and background scenery
Standing on the lawn at the north side is the banyan tree that was hand planted by Xi Jinping. On the side of Jingui Road stands a group of Moringa Trees and Powder-puff Trees. The hillside is to the east. Adjacent to the square is a large camphor tree grafted with paper flowers. On the one hand, we want the building wall to retreat behind some big trees to blend with the background scenery. On the other hand, the east and south sides are both hillsides lacking spatial definition. So we designed two vertical and horizontal walls as well as a floating roof to enclose the hand planted garden. The goal is to shape the space between the building and the environment into a quiet memorial garden for the visitors.
▼纵横两道墙和漂浮的屋顶，two vertical and horizontal walls as well as a floating roof © 张超
▼墙面材料的肌理与变化，wall material texture changes © 深圳华汇设计
The walls are primarily fossil wood with a matt surface. The horizontal stripe texture resembles layers of soil. The cross-cutting tree trunks are positioned at the site to simulate nature. Grooved granite is used for parts of the wall to form changes using the geometrical method. The goal is to extract the mottled impression of a dense forest and blend it into the environment.
▼横向条纹的肌理，horizontal stripe texture © 张超
▼材质与环境和谐相融，the material blends with the environment © 张超
▼作为功能载体的墙，functional carrier walls © 深圳华汇设计
The walls here serve as a medium for exhibits and manifest a symmetry projection of the relationship between the trees and the walls at the functional level. Therefore, we decorate the exhibition walls based on the exhibition circulation to separate the physical wall transitions. The goal is to highlight the significance of “object” in the design and weaken the walls’ role as an enclosure system to provide a “room” effect. The cavities for parts of the walls also hold the electromechanical and drainage pipelines.
▼交错的展墙，staggered exhibition walls © 张超
▼两种不同材料的墙体，walls of 2 different materials © 张超
窗 | Windows
Located amid the forest, we did not turn the exhibition hall into a black box. The separation of the walls gives visitors the opportunity to appreciate nature from within. The scenery fragments and display contents form an interweaving and flowing impression. The goal is to showcase features different from urban architecture, highlight the dominant natural landscape and thereby strengthen the sense of disappearance for architectural space. The pleasant and long-lasting sunlight shines through leaves.
▼脱开的墙与室外的景，breakaway wall and outdoor scenery © 张超
▼窗外的景，scenery outside the window © 张超
▼总平面图，site plan © 深圳华汇设计
▼平面图，floor plan © 深圳华汇设计
▼立面图，elevations © 深圳华汇设计
▼剖面图，sections © 深圳华汇设计
建筑师: 印实博 刘佳丽
Project Name: Shenzhen Lianhuashan Park Exhibition Center
Architectural design: Shenzhen Huahui Design
Chief architect: Xiao Cheng
Architects: Yin Shibo, Liu Jiali
Project Name: Shenzhen Lianhuashan Park
Overall floorage: 841.5 m2.
Construction materials: steel structure and reinforced concrete
Main materials: stone, stainless steel, anodized aluminum, XIR glass
Owner: Shenzhen Park Management Center
Contractor Unit: Bureau Public Works of Shenzhen Municipality
Construction Unit: China Construction Science and Industry Corporation Ltd.
Construction drawing design: The Institute of Architecture Design & Research Shenzhen University
Curtain wall design: Positive Attitude Group
Interior design: E.B.T., Hongtao
Landscape design: Chuang Yi Shan Ce
Architectural photography: Zhang Chao