AirMesh pushes the limits of lightness in Architectural innovation and Building Technologies, becoming the world first architectural structure made of 3D printed components in stainless steel, demonstrating state-of-the-art digital design and manufacturing technologies developed by AirLab at Singapore University of Technology and Design.
▼凉亭外观，exterior view ©Carlos Banon
The ultra-lightweight pavilion, located at Gardens by the Bay, is both a gathering space and a light sculpture. The state-of-the-art design follows Eurocode regulations, and is the first 3D Printed structure that has been approved by the Singapore Building Construction Authority (BCA) for temporary occupation in Singapore. The pavilion, also approved by URA (Urban Redevelopment Authority) will remain in the gardens till the end of 2022.
▼凉亭既是一个集会空间，也是一座轻盈的雕塑，the pavilion is both a gathering space and a light sculpture ©Fabian Ong
The pragmatic form of AirMesh is defined by the views’ directions. The volume is defined by four vectors oriented towards highlights in the surrounding landscape: the dragonfly bridge, the silver garden, the Marina Bay Sands, and the pavilion entrance. The space is generated by four rectangular view frames, and its faceted form reinterprets a traditional Chinese lantern, lighting up in subtile color gradients.
▼凉亭结构由面向周围景观的四个矢量定义，he volume is defined by four vectors oriented towards highlights in the surrounding landscape ©Carlos Banon
The pavilion consists of 216 bars of different lengths and sections, and 54 unique nodal joints printed in a steel and bronze alloy. The assembly of the structure took only two days by five people, as a result of big technological innovation applied to the connection of the elements, being able to 3D print the threads inside the nodes to facilitate the assemblage with bolts concealed in the bars. Only hex keys of different diameter were needed to assemble the entire pavilion.
▼凉亭由216个拥有不同长度和截面的杆体支撑，the pavilion consists of 216 bars of different lengths and sections ©Fabian Ong
▼结构细部，structural detailed view ©Fabian Ong
▼形状各异的钢铜合金打印连接件，unique nodal joints printed in a steel and bronze alloy © AIRLAB
▼连接件细部和拆解示意图，detailed view and axon of the node (split) ©Carlos Banon + AIRLAB
▼54个形状各异的3D打印连接件，54 stainless steel 3D printed nodes © AIRLAB
The structure has a weight of 700 kg, and despite its delicate and fine appearance, is able to withstand loads 16 times its weight – more than 11 tones.
▼夜间的凉亭，night view of the pavilion ©Carlos Banon
▼场地平面图，site plan © AIRLAB
▼立面图，elevation © AIRLAB
▼凉亭平面图，floor plan © AIRLAB
▼细部剖面，detail section © AIRLAB
Designed by AIRLAB (Architecture Intelligence Research Lab) at Singapore University of Technology and Design
Director : Carlos Bañón Airmesh Project Lead: Carlos Bañón and Felix Raspall Lead Researcher : Anna Toh Hui Ping.
Research Team: David Rosen, Vahid Hassani, Jenn Chong, Sourabh Maheshwary, Sihan Wang, Liu Chi, Huang Kunsheng, Luo Qihuan, Aurelia Chan, Cheong Yilei.
Consultants: TCP Engineers, PTL Consultants, WoodFix,
Surface: 28.75 sqm (bounding box 8.2m x 5.6m x 4.8m)
Volume: 88.5 m3
Location: Bayfront Pavilion, Gardens by the Bay. Singapore
Project duration: Beginning in August, 2017.
Completion in August 2019.