Xinzhai Coffee Manor is located in Lujiangba, Baoshan, Yunnan Province, one of the world-recognized origins of Arabica coffee. The site sits on a plateau in the middle of Bawan Village at the foot of Gaoligong Mountain, overlooking the landscape of Lujiangba Area and the Nuijiang Valley to the north. Through renovation and addition, the client envisions a multifunctional complex that houses coffee storage, processing, tasting, sale, hotel rooms, coffee museum, auditorium and other functions, to provide visitors with premium holiday experience in par with the high quality coffee and pleasant resort scenery.
▼从街道看向建筑，view of the building from the street ©陈颢
The site consists of two sets of courtyards, with lush trees and an abandoned cinema, a grey brick building originally built in the 80s. Most buildings on the site and in adjacent villages are made of brick. There is also a brick kiln still producing grey bricks near the site. These local features triggered the initial desire to build with bricks. Today, brickwork remains the predominant construction method in the area which makes it reasonable for adoption. Consequently, brick leads to different forms of vaults in architecture.
▼主体建筑立面，由灰砖组成，facade of the main building composed of grey brick ©陈颢
The entry sequence is circuitous. Driving on the village road, one experience up-looking, climbing and turning before reaching the manor at the end of the main street. From the enclosures in the courtyards to the broad scenic view upon entering the main building, this complex constructs a narrative experience of compression and relief.
▼从坡道看向庭院，view of the courtyard from the slope ©陈颢
▼分解轴测图，项目由中心庭院、大树庭院、下沉庭院构成，exploded axonometric, the project consists of Central courtyard, Tree courtyard and Sunken courtyard
The new building is connected to the old cinema through a set of corridors, forming three different courtyards: the central courtyard, the tree courtyard and the sunken courtyard. Visitors can reach functional areas through corridors from the central courtyard. Surrounded by existing trees, the buildings present themselves as the background of the courtyards connected by corridors, resembling to the layout of a monastery. The cinema, the largest mass on site, is renovated into a museum, which resembles the spiritual center as a cathedral to a monastery.
▼主建筑前的中心庭院，与主建筑有一层高差，Central courtyard in front of the main building, which is one-floor lower ©陈颢
▼挡土墙与主体建筑墙面间留有空隙，space between the retaining wall and the main building ©苏圣亮
▼回廊，linking corridor ©陈颢
▼大树庭院，Tree courtyard ©苏圣亮
▼下沉庭院，Sunken courtyard ©苏圣亮
▼模型，三层建筑采用不同的结构形式，model showing that different structures are used in different levels
The main building is located at the north side of the plateau, one-storey lower than the central courtyard. The coffee storage space is located at the bottom level, and cross vaults create a cellar-like space shrouded in heaviness and dimness. Such heavy volume simultaneously responds to the physical requirement of a constant temperature and humidity. The coffee processing area is located at the mid level and requires large space for roasting and packaging. It combines long-span steel beams and one-way brick vaults to obtain a continuous open space, while bringing in views from the courtyards and the valley. Its side corridors allow visitors to walk around and do sightseeing. On the top level, concrete frame takes over brick to achieve maximum transparency, meeting the programmatic needs of hotel rooms overlooking the valley. From the bottom to the top, there is also a gradual transition from heaviness to lightness, responding to diverse needs from storage, processing to views.
▼底层咖啡储藏区，采用十字拱结构，coffee storage space on the ground floor with cross vault structure ©陈颢
▼十字拱空间外廊道，红砖与灰砖形成对比，corridor outside the cross vault area, red bricks contrast with the gray ones ©苏圣亮
▼底层仓库北外廊道，stairs to the north of the storage ©苏圣亮
▼首层咖啡加工区采用单向拱，one-way vault structure is used in the first floor of coffee processing area ©陈颢
▼从加工区看向峡谷风景，view to the natural valley ©苏圣亮（上），陈灏（下）
▼咖啡加工区外廊道，out door corridor of the coffee processing area ©苏圣亮
▼加工区单向拱结构细部，closer view of the one-way vault ©陈颢
The building uses two types of material: brick and concrete, which is consistent with materials commonly used locally, yet presenting variations. Its spatial quality integrates the heaviness of brick construction and the lightness of concrete structure, which is resulted from a thorough consideration of material, structure and program. The design begins with a perception of the site and reflections on the material, while its core is the characteristic of place it aims to create –belonging to the earth or leading afar to horizon.
▼通往三层的楼梯，staircase to the second floor ©苏圣亮
▼三层采用混凝土和玻璃等现代材料，modern materials like concrete and glass are used on the second floor ©陈颢
▼三层酒店客厅，hotel lounge on the second floor ©陈颢
▼从三层看向庭院，view to the courtyard from the second floor ©陈颢
▼底层咖啡厅北侧平台，outdoor terrace to the north of the ground floor cafe ©陈颢
▼底层咖啡厅，cafe on the ground floor ©苏圣亮
▼从底层咖啡厅看向下沉庭院，view to the sunken courtyard from the ground floor cafe ©苏圣亮
▼首层咖啡厅，cafe on the first floor ©陈颢
▼底层平面图，ground floor plan
▼首层平面图，first floor plan
▼三层平面图，second floor plan
Project title: Xinzhai Coffee Manor
Client: Baoshan Xinzhai Coffee Co. Ltd.
Location: Bawan Village, Baoshan Lujiangba, Yunnan, China
Program: cinema, conference space, museum, shop, cafe, storage, workshop, hotel room
Architect: Hua Li / TAO (Trace Architecture Office)
Design team: Hua Li, Bai Ting, Lai Erxun, Hu Mohuai, Zhang Wenzhao, Yue Yang, Zhang Hao, Liu Zhouxing, Cao Pengfei, Duan Qi, Shao Aiwen, Li Yuntao, Liu Peiyi
Structural engineer: MA Zhigang
MEP engineer: LV Jianjun
Construction: Yunnan Baoshanxia Village Architecture Engineering co.Ltd
Interior construction; steel windows/doors detailing and installation: Scenario Design
Steel windows/doors detailing: Shu Tan, Liu Suyang, Liao Peng
Construction administration leader: Shu Tan, Yang Zhiqiang, Yang Jing
Floor area: 3140 sq. m. (addition 2000 sq. m., renovation 1140 sq. m.)
Structural system: concrete & masonry structure
Materials: in-situ concrete, bricks
Photographer: Chen Hao, Su Shengliang
Video: Schran Images