基地概述 Site Overview
Located at 1 North Beisen Road, the site covers an entire block who measures 237 metres from east to west and 178 metres from north to south. It sits in middle of mature communities and is surrounded by streets. The land use of the site is for community sports. Originally there were a golf course and a natatorium – which has been preserved and rehabilitated later as a multi-function centre. A plot ratio of 2.0 is allowed, with 40 percent coverage and the maximum height of 24 metres.
▽ 卫星图片，satellite view
▽ 俯视图，top view （版权所有：家琨建筑设计事务所 摄影：存在建筑）
设计理念 Design Concept
The project aims to integrate a variety of social resources combing sports and leisure activities, cultural and artistic events, and fashion and creative industries into one a local collective-living space. The project expects to fulfil various practical needs and continuously vitalize urban communities.
Following the architectural philosophy of “contemporary approach with historical ethos”, the design refers to the space prototypes of collective-living compounds during the planned economic era (1950s-1980s); and it attempts to transfer such community space with a flavour of idealistic collectivism into the current architectural language. The project synthesises collective memory, vernacular characteristics and modern lifestyle in order to provide a contemporary arena for diversified lifestyles in modern cities.
Using functionality, cost-efficiency, practicability and honesty of material etc as a starting point, the design intentionally reveals the underlying nature of the construction and produces a distinct morphological aesthetics – essential functions/structures give the building forms.
▽ 内院，courtyard （版权所有：家琨建筑设计事务所 摄影：存在建筑）
建筑布局 Architectural Layout
To makes the best use of the current situation – an entire block with specific height limit and surrounded by high-rise buildings, the design employs low-rise buildings as a focal point for the high-rise residential communities and wide horizontal span as a dimensional advantage. The project encircles the entire block along the periphery – 182 meters from east to west and 137 meters from north to south – to maximize the inner area of sports and green as well as optimize visitors flow rate along the streets. Different from accustomed concentrated complexes, the enclosed courtyard becomes an green basin open for public and continue to carry on a traditional Chengdu lifestyle – self-sufficient yet open to the outside world. Meanwhile, the project tries to explore the interrelation between modern urban development, new business model and local culture, from a perspective of architecture.
▽ 鸟瞰，birdview （版权所有：家琨建筑设计事务所 摄影：存在建筑）
建筑处理 Building Design
The building has two full stories underground, and five to six stories aboveground; it encloses continuously at the east, south and west sides to the maximum extent. The enclosing layout with a sequence of wide horizontal floors and eaves forms a powerful aura field and distinct the project from the surrounding urban environment. The four bridge-gallery entrances on the ground floor and the colonnade of elevated track on the north connect the internal and the external and makes the courtyard an enclosing yet open site.
▽ 鸟瞰，birdview （版权所有：家琨建筑设计事务所）
The street facade has an open cantilevered exterior corridor so that every shop can face the street in independent way. The outreached veranda strengthens the horizontal direction and forms a clear public space; while the interface between indoors and outdoors set back behind the orderly columns and uses aluminium frame high-permeable glass. It is simple, common and functional without any special designs in order to allow potential individual decoration and presentation and eventually develop a much more diversified facade display.
▽ 内院立面，courtyard façade （版权所有：家琨建筑设计事务所 摄影：存在建筑）
The internal facade has continuous balconies that allows all users can share the inner court view. In the courtyard, its line of sight is from the periphery to the centre that similar to the structure of Coliseum. Wide bar table-styled balcony handrails are made of high-resistance reconsolidated bamboo can be used as desk for reading or working while enjoying the courtyard view. Removable partition walls can be placed at every bay width. Therefore it can be adjusted flexibly according to different circumstance. Nevertheless, the heterogeneous shop decoration will be included into the order of the large compound, and consequently generates a rich but homogenous marketplace facade.
▽ 沿街立面夜景 street facade （版权所有：家琨建筑设计事务所 摄影：存在建筑）
Without setting standard floors, the design employs varied floor heights to meet different functional requirements. It also adapts the “Honeycomb-core hollow dense-rib floor system” in order to create wide open space with higher storey height to meet flexible and various needs. To highlight the importance of the entrance, such system is used without internal mould and exposes the intersecting parallels-shaped bottom surface of the dense-rib beams. It aims to produce effects similar to the traditional caissons ceiling via basic construction method.
▽ 底层入口及藻井，entrance （版权所有：家琨建筑设计事务所 摄影：存在建筑）
The application of locally-handmade bamboo pallet as template delivers a unique texture on the surface of concrete, which also abstractly refers to the local vegetation. The project conveys a strong vernacular sense by fine horizontal parapets with bamboo pallet texture, classic octagonal columns and the far-reaching eaves with semi-sectional bamboo texture.
The drainage system uses black iron cast downpipes and Y-shaped arrangement connecting two rainwater collections in the shortest distance. The unconventional Y-shaped drainage system is economical and efficient and also turns the usually hidden functional components into a unique and artistic presentational elements.
▽ 竹胶模板肌理，fabric （版权所有：家琨建筑设计事务所 摄影：存在建筑（上）家琨建筑（下））
The construction joints are exaggerated and become an artificial landscape of “a thread of sky”. Besides, it resolves the problem of concealing equipment room and air ventilation. It tries to exhibit “physiological faults” during the process of the construction. Likewise, the extracted reinforcing bar out of concrete at the side corridor are used as parapets and handrails.
▽ 立面，facade （版权所有：家琨建筑设计事务所 摄影：存在建筑）
the room ventilation and the wall permeation by holding the hole outward; the small-hole bricks are used for vertical greening by holding the hole toward the side; multi-hole bricks are used for the wall of the gallery to fix the exhibits by holding the hole toward the side, and the gangue bricks commonly used for basically filling purpose are used for bare outer walls, all representing the exploration and display of unconventional applications of the basic material. Those material applications satisfy the low-cost environmental need, while making the Beisen yard owns the genuine characteristics of the material; furthermore, the broadly-used granitic plasters and terrazzo inherits China’s mature modern building techniques that is about to lose.
▽ 屋面大孔砖植草， rebirth brick for planting （版权所有：家琨建筑设计事务所）
▽ 断砖墙面， rebirth brick wall （版权所有：家琨建筑设计事务所）
The rebirth brick has been widely used in urban public buildings. The project also has a large number of designs and applications of rebirth brick such as building gables, partial real walls, landscape flooring, courtyard walls etc. The processing method for broken bricks exposes the interior material of the recycled bricks for a unique material performance. In addition to the rebirth bricks, the macrospore bricks are used for roof planting by holding the hole upward, and The original buildings at the north of the site later has been preserved and rehabilitated as a multifunctional space for artistic and cultural activities. It is where the enclosed building body is interrupted, and instead the elevated intersected tracts completes the enclosure – loose but not miss. The track system is a public sport facility as a substantial architectural feature rather than a mere formative display. The track has a total length of 1.6 km; it entwines the whole yard and connects each floors of the building, from the underground to the roof through intersected ramp, roof walkway, circular track, covered bridge, skylight and outdoor staircase. The outdoor staircase at the eastern, southern and western façade play a role of junction connecting inner yard, roof, and underground courtyards. The track system is not only a distinguish architectural image and community recreational facility, but also a vehicle for a possible healthy office life.
▽ 多功能艺术空间，multifunctional space （版权所有：家琨建筑设计事务所 摄影：存在建筑）
▽ 架空跑廊，The track system （版权所有：家琨建筑设计事务所 摄影：存在建筑）
景观设计 Landscape Design
The inner courtyard has a total area of approximately 26,000 square meters (39mu), a rather rare large courtyard-style community green land in downtowns of cities. Its landscape is designed in accordance with the functional planning, and chooses “bamboo space” and “teahouse”, representatives of Chengdu local culture, as the key concepts, aiming at establishing a public place for distinctive life in Chengdu. The landscape uses the “Inner courtyard full of bamboos”, as bamboos are a native plant typical for the farming culture and the marketplace life in Chengdu Plaint that sufficiently reflects a leisurely cosy temperament of the Compound. Subdivision of the space to build the garden with wall takes sand land, pebbles, and red sandstone as the fundamental bases, coupled with different bamboo species; as a result, “courtyards inside the courtyard” with various modalities generate.
▽ 竹空间，bamboo space （版权所有：家琨建筑设计事务所 摄影：存在建筑（上）家琨建筑（下））
The landscape structure gradually expands externally from the central sport space to the internal facade. The circular trail generates a multi-functional open space for sports, performances and exhibitions. Outside the open space, it is circular galleries with the porous brick wall as the exhibition hanging space. The exhibition wall is a cavity wall, with service facilities set inside the cavity, serving the outside small space-surrounding belt under the bamboos. This belt is provided with facilities to meet the modern office and meeting requirements, where the indoor functions exercise outdoor, becoming an extension and supplement for the architectural application function, and forming bamboo-umbrella-covered bamboo teahouses, bamboo offices and bamboo classrooms. At the four corners of the belt, facilities are set leading to the patio on the underground floor and to the outdoor stairs of the runway, so that the inner centre of the belt can not only expand gradually on the plane system, but also connect the upper and lower space. Outside the inner centre of the belt is five bamboo squares with different sizes and species. A surrounding ditch is located outside the outer edges of the bamboo squares along the perimeter of the building, and there are entertainment platforms outside the ditch that is under the pick gallery of the building, representing a connectional transition between the bottom floor of the building and the inner courtyard space.
▽ 慈竹园 ci bamboo garden （版权所有：家琨建筑设计事务所 摄影：存在建筑）
▽ 竹林露天电影，bamboo squares cinema （版权所有：家琨建筑设计事务所 摄影：存在建筑）
The track crosses through the whole circular roof that converging inwards in the “four- slope- water” way. The entire roof is paved with macrospore rebirth bricks that can be used for urban agriculture after filled with soil. It also resembles the traditional tile-roofing texture. The circular roof and the inner yard together forms a oversize green area. The roof walkway is arranged with pavilions, sight-viewing platforms, galleries, bridges, tower and other elements used in traditional garden landscape design but being translated with the contemporary material. Along the both sides of the runway, the cement pipes are used as tree pools, with the road separation nets as railings, and broken tiles as the veneer surface for the drainage ditches. All of these are either common material used in the constructions of road and bridge, or local craftsmanship rejected by the general architectural aesthetics. In addition to cost-efficiency and well-functional, it presents a certain sense of open countryside. Bamboos are planted along the both sides of the runway to cast shade; the open-air bars are also built with bamboo poles and boards; the sightseeing galleries serve as testing place; the roof theatre is free and open to the public; and the viewing tower, a remarkable sign, where people may overlook the whole compound.
▽庭院中的跑道， courtyard track （版权所有：家琨建筑设计事务所 摄影：存在建筑）
The lighting design is designed to avoid being a merely decorative “glory project”. Daylight lamps that commonly used for basic lighting are variously applied across the yard and multi-functional space – it is combination between function and artistic expression.
▽ 夜景鸟瞰，birdview at night （版权所有：家琨建筑设计事务所 摄影：存在建筑）
时间：01/2010 – 09/2014
结构：钢筋混凝土框架结构 材料：混凝土 钢、玻璃、再生砖、重竹
Project Name：West Village·Basis Yard
Location：1 Basis North Rd, Qingyang District, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
Client：Sichuan Myron Industrial Co., Ltd
Building Area：135,552 m²
Site Area：41,863 m² Time：01/2010 – 09/2014
Structure：Steel and concrete
Material：Concrete, Steel, Glass, Rebirth bricks and composite bamboo
Designer：Jiakun Architects cooperated with Sichuan SiboArchitecture&Design Co.
Principle Architect：LIU Jiakun
Team：Yang Lei, Jin Hongduo, Liu Su, Yang Ying, CaiKefei, Hua Yi, Mao Weixi, Li Jing, Luo Ming, Wen Feng, Lin Yixuan, Wang Kailing
Contractor：SichuanHuashi Enterprise Co., Ltd
Photography：Jiakun Architects ／ARCHEXIST Photographer